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For part: (editable) - Choose which part to adjust the beats forFor part: (spin) - Increase or decrease number of part to adjust the beats for CONTROL + click on this to move the part as well - same as click on the v or ^ buttons in Show All Parts (Ctrl + 9)...Skip coincident notes (check box) - Skips coincident notes in the parts with most notes - may be useful when each part plays a different instrument...Play for one bar - LEFT CLICK on a note to change its volume RIGHT CLICK to change timing ALT + click and drag to bring up detailed view in separate window BEATS GET AUTO ALIGNED AS YOU CHANGE THE TIMES - so if you change the timing for one part, other parts also auto adjust as necessary to keep the beats aligned, example, middle beat of 6/8 always auto adjusts to hit at start of the fourth of the quavers...Melody Seed numbers - in arpeggio: Follow scale - LEFT CLICK to change the melody seed numbers - which changes the melody for the tune, RIGHT CLICK to change timing...Skipped beats (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Melody Seed (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Beat labels (check box) - Label the beats in Beats volumes and times (Ctrl + 76) using the same labels as the bounciing balls You can label them with beat numbers, beat times since start of bar, etc, - as chosen in Beats Counting System (Ctrl + 246)Music notes (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)' (single quote) Play this part for one Seed (button) - Plays the rhythm or melody for the highlighted part for one bar...Tool tip help - F1Organise Windows - F2Fractal Tunes Dialog Star - Tip of the day - Fractal Tunes category - right click for neighbouring windows...PLAY Sound (button) - Click here to Play or Stop Keyboard shortcut: RETURN If out of sync, ADJUST SYNC...Pause (button) - Click here to Pause or ContinueVolume - Set master volume for Bounce Metronome. Part controls etc. also affect the volumePlay bouncing Balls (button) - Click to animate or halt BOUNCE...More » (button) - Shows this window with either more space, more options, or alternative layoutColours... (button) - (no tooltip help yet)No lilt (button) - Useful as a way to make one of the parts with no lilt or swing...Gentle lilt (button) - Gentle lilt with the shorter beat 85% of the longer beatStrong lilt (button) - Stronger lilt with the shorter beat 75% of the longer beatLight swing (button) - A light swing has the pairs of beats in the ratio 3 : 2. CONTROL + CLICK on this button for golden ratio swing, ratio 1.618.. : 1 ...Medium swing (button) - Medium swing (or triplet swing) has the pairs of beats in the ratio 2 : 1, same ratio as straight crotchet to quaver....Hard swing (button) - A hard swing has the pairs of beats in the ratio 3 : 1 - same ratio as straight dotted quaver to semiquaver - or SHIFT + CLICK for Scottish Snap (reverse swing)...Lilt or swing to (check box) - For a more natural feel or practice Jazz rhythms, Scottish folk music etc...Adjust Swing (slider) - Move slider to adjust the amount of swing - OR click here then use LEFT and RIGHT keys, Page Up, Page Down, Home or End...As a swing (editable) - Length of first beat in pulse as a percentageAs a swing (spin) - Increase or decrease swing amount for first beat in pulseto (editable) - Length of last beat in swing as a percentageto (spin) - Increase or decrease swing amount for last beat in pulseSet pulse (check box) - Set a custom pulse - used for swing and auto accents...Show only one pulse (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Pulse for this part (editable) - (no tooltip help yet)Pulse for this part (spin) - (no tooltip help yet)Shuffle subdivisions if possible (check box) - SELECT this to swing even numbers of subdivisions into four or more notes as a shuffle, i.e. in alternating pairs, UNSELECT if your preference is always for a drum roll effect type swing...Beats per bar (editable) - Number of beats per bar for the selected partBeats per bar (spin) - Increase or decrease number of beats per bar for selected partAuto Accents (check box) - Varies volumes of the OFF BEAT NOTES automatically. For triplets or n-tuplets, makes them gradually quieter, in the way a drumstick bounces if you let it fall loosely...Auto Accents (editable) - Sets the volume of the OFF BEAT notes - as a percentage. Set this to the volume of the UNACCENTED BEATS for normal rhythms, or set this to over 100% to for syncopated (jazzy) rhythms...Auto Accents (spin) - Increase or decrease Volume of last beat in pulse as a percentage of first beatAccent (button) - click to switch on NORMAL ACCENTS - ON THE BEATS You can then click a second time for Jazz accents...Beats As Text (Ctrl + 77) - Adjust individual beats as numbers - also in the PRO metronome - adjust the amount of the lilt or swing...Swing, Auto Accents and Time Signature Change - Preferences (Ctrl + 232) - Configure how the swing and lilt is done...RESET BEATS for part 1... (button) - (no tooltip help yet)Swings for all the parts (editable) - (no tooltip help yet)Auto Accents for all parts (editable) - (no tooltip help yet)Only swing part with most beats (check box) - This is usually the part you want to swing if you swing one part only...Beats - Overview of all the Parts (Ctrl + 31) - Set the beat times and volumes individually for any beat in any of the parts in the rhythm - overview of all the parts..Relaxed UP BEAT (check box) - Makes last beat longer, to give the music a moment to breath...Swing all parts by same amount (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Show ONLY ONE BAR for fractional bars etc (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Keep main beats all same size (check box) - This is for rhythms with no subdivisions, pulse or auto shuffle set - SELECT this to keep all the beats the same size, or UNSELECT if you want to swing the entire bar with a drum roll type effect - or for a gentle lilt...Show NOTE TIMES IN BAR CHARTS as (drop list) - (no tooltip help yet)Less « (button) - Smaller version of this window without the info about lilt and swingPlay seed fractally (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Volumes (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Times (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)
About this image
Play, Rhythms and Bounce/Beats/Beats volumes and times - Click on button or other control in this image to jump to its tooltip.    

Previous: Beats As Text

Next: Opts for Pitch Tracer (Count Waves) and -> Beats
Controls Common to Many Windows

Contents

Screen Shot (More)

For part: (editable) - Choose which part to adjust the beats forFor part: (spin) - Increase or decrease number of part to adjust the beats for CONTROL + click on this to move the part as well - same as click on the v or ^ buttons in Show All Parts (Ctrl + 9)...Skip coincident notes (check box) - Skips coincident notes in the parts with most notes - may be useful when each part plays a different instrument...' (single quote) Play this part for one Seed (button) - Plays the rhythm or melody for the highlighted part for one bar...Grid (radio button) - Shows a line every three numbers, double line every 10...Bars (radio button) - (no tooltip help yet)Bars - LEFT CLICK on a note to change its volume RIGHT CLICK to change timing ALT + click and drag to bring up detailed view in separate window BEATS GET AUTO ALIGNED AS YOU CHANGE THE TIMES - so if you change the timing for one part, other parts also auto adjust as necessary to keep the beats aligned, example, middle beat of 6/8 always auto adjusts to hit at start of the fourth of the quavers...Melody Seed numbers - in arpeggio: Follow scale - LEFT CLICK to change the melody seed numbers - which changes the melody for the tune, RIGHT CLICK to change timing...Colours... (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Skipped beats (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Beat labels (check box) - Label the beats in Beats volumes and times (Ctrl + 76) using the same labels as the bounciing balls You can label them with beat numbers, beat times since start of bar, etc, - as chosen in Beats Counting System (Ctrl + 246)Melody Seed (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)No lilt (check box) - Useful as a way to make one of the parts with no lilt or swing...Gentle lilt (check box) - Gentle lilt with the shorter beat 85% of the longer beatStrong lilt (check box) - Stronger lilt with the shorter beat 75% of the longer beatLight swing (check box) - A light swing has the pairs of beats in the ratio 3 : 2. CONTROL + CLICK on this button for golden ratio swing, ratio 1.618.. : 1 ...Medium swing (check box) - Medium swing (or triplet swing) has the pairs of beats in the ratio 2 : 1, same ratio as straight crotchet to quaver....Hard swing (check box) - A hard swing has the pairs of beats in the ratio 3 : 1 - same ratio as straight dotted quaver to semiquaver - or SHIFT + CLICK for Scottish Snap (reverse swing)...Lilt or swing to (check box) - For a more natural feel or practice Jazz rhythms, Scottish folk music etc...Adjust Swing (slider) - Move slider to adjust the amount of swing - OR click here then use LEFT and RIGHT keys, Page Up, Page Down, Home or End...Lilt or swing to (editable) - Length of last beat in swing as a percentage of the first beat...Lilt or swing to (spin) - Increase or decrease size of last beat in pulse as percentage of first beat in pulseAs a swing (editable) - Length of first beat in pulse as a percentage...As a swing (spin) - Increase or decrease swing amount for first beat in pulseAs a swing (editable) - Length of last beat in swing as a percentage...As a swing (spin) - Increase or decrease swing amount for last beat in pulseSet pulse (check box) - Set a custom pulse - used for swing and auto accents...Show only one pulse (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Pulse (editable) - (no tooltip help yet)Pulse (spin) - (no tooltip help yet)Shuffle subdivisions if possible (check box) - SELECT this to swing even numbers of subdivisions into four or more notes as a shuffle, i.e. in alternating pairs, UNSELECT if your preference is always for a drum roll effect type swing...Beats per bar (editable) - Number of beats per bar for the selected partBeats per bar (spin) - Increase or decrease number of beats per bar for selected partSet Bar Sizes - for rhythms with two or more bars (check box) - Lets you split the rhythm into two or more bars - for beat number count, also for lilt or swing...Set Bar Sizes - for rhythms with two or more bars (editable) - For additive rhythms, enter number of notes in each bar for the selected part e.g. 8 8, or 6 6 6, or 4 10 4 etc...Relaxed UP BEAT- adjust last beat in bar by (check box) - Makes last beat longer, to give the music a moment to breath...Relaxed UP BEAT- adjust last beat in bar by (editable) - Amount of adjustment of last beat of bar towards first...towards first (spin) - Increase or decrease amount of adjustment of shortest beat of bar towards firstAdjust last subdivision in each pulse towards first by (check box) - At the end of each pulse, to give the music a moment to breath...Adjust last subdivision in each pulse towards first by (editable) - Amount of adjustment of shortest beat of pulse towards first...Adjust last subdivision in each pulse towards first by (spin) - Increase or decrease amount of adjustment of shortest beat of pulse towards firstAdjust last beats for volumes (check box) - Adjust volume of last beat of bar or pulse towards first beat like the times...Auto Accents (check box) - Varies volumes of the OFF BEAT NOTES automatically. For triplets or n-tuplets, makes them gradually quieter, in the way a drumstick bounces if you let it fall loosely...Auto Accents (editable) - Sets the volume of the OFF BEAT notes - as a percentage. Set this to the volume of the UNACCENTED BEATS for normal rhythms, or set this to over 100% to for syncopated (jazzy) rhythms...Auto Accents (spin) - Increase or decrease Volume of last beat in pulse as a percentage of first beatAccent (check box) - click to switch on NORMAL ACCENTS - ON THE BEATS You can then click a second time for Jazz accents...Beats As Text (Ctrl + 77) - Adjust individual beats as numbers - also in the PRO metronome - adjust the amount of the lilt or swing...RESET BEATS for part 1... (button) - (no tooltip help yet)Swing, Auto Accents and Time Signature Change - Preferences (Ctrl + 232) - Configure how the swing and lilt is done...Beats - Overview of all the Parts (Ctrl + 31) - Set the beat times and volumes individually for any beat in any of the parts in the rhythm - overview of all the parts..Only swing part with most beats (check box) - This is usually the part you want to swing if you swing one part only...Swings for all the parts (editable) - (no tooltip help yet)Power rule fade (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Lilt all parts (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Auto Accents for all parts (editable) - (no tooltip help yet)Swing all parts by same amount (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Show ONLY ONE BAR for fractional bars etc (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Keep main beats all same size (check box) - This is for rhythms with no subdivisions, pulse or auto shuffle set - SELECT this to keep all the beats the same size, or UNSELECT if you want to swing the entire bar with a drum roll type effect - or for a gentle lilt...Update All bars from 1st (button) - (no tooltip help yet)Auto update other bars when first is edited (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Only accent part with most beats (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Swing to % at (editable) - Choose which beat the swing slider sets the size for, for power rule fade (0 for last, 1 for second last etc)...Swing to % at (spin) - (no tooltip help yet)Accent to % at (editable) - (no tooltip help yet)Accent to % at (spin) - (no tooltip help yet)Tool tip help - F1Organise Windows - F2Fractal Tunes Dialog Star - Tip of the day - Fractal Tunes category - right click for neighbouring windows...PLAY Sound (button) - Click here to Play or Stop Keyboard shortcut: RETURN If out of sync, ADJUST SYNC...Pause (button) - Click here to Pause or ContinueVolume - Set master volume for Bounce Metronome. Part controls etc. also affect the volume...Play bouncing Balls (button) - Click to animate or halt BOUNCE...Less « (button) - Shows this window with either less space, less options, or alternative layoutShow lines between skpped beats (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Show text on every skipped beat (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Resize all skipped beat times on resize end of note (check box) - Makes it easier to resize a note made up of many skipped notes joined together - as you adjust the last one, all the others resize similarlyResize all skipped beat times on resize end of note (editable) - Default is 7 pixels. Hides the dots for skipped beats if they are narrower than this ...pixels (editable) - (no tooltip help yet)Music notes (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Also - can't adjust the skipped beats individually, only complete note (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Play seed fractally (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Volumes (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Times (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Show NOTE TIMES IN BAR CHARTS as (drop list) - (no tooltip help yet)
About this image
Play, Rhythms and Bounce/Beats/Beats volumes and times - Click on button or other control in this image to jump to its tooltip.    


This is what you get in the More version of this window (you use the More button to show it).

Beats volumes and times

Adjust the amount of the lilt or swing, or adjust individual beats...

Lets you adjust individual beats by hand. That's the only feature available here for Bounce Metronome LITE. The swing and lilt options are available for the other metronomes.

For a more natural feel or practice Jazz rhythms, Scottish folk music etc...

HOW TO USE THIS WINDOW

Select the part you want to adjust at the top or the window. Then you can either use the bar chart graphics to adjust the timing and volume of individual beats, or use the slider to set the amount of lilt or swing.

To play a rhythm with swing, normally you will swing the part which plays the shorter beats (most beats to the measure), and set the other parts to a gentle lilt or a lilt of 100% for no lilt.

For instance in the 4/4 preset with two subdivisions, the automatic choice is to swing part 2 (which plays 8 beats to the measure). In the 6/8 preset you swing part 1 (which plays the 6 beats to the measure).

Sometimes you may want to lilt or swing several parts simultaneously. To do that unselect Swing part with most beats only.

SWUNG NOTES

Swung notes are a feature of many types of music. Notes are played alternately longer and shorter than usual though normally notated all the same length. See the wikipedia article on Swung Note. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swung_note

Types of music that use swung notes include jazz, Celtic music, some dance and country music, and early music particularly France from the middle of the 16th century to late 18th century.

For the early music use (notes inégal) see

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Notes_in%C3%A9gales

and the Dolmetsch site on notes inégal

http://www.dolmetsch.com/musictheory20.htm#egal

For the precursors much earlier in the Ars Antiqua rhythmic modes:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhythmic_mode

GENTLE LILT

nearly all types of music the beats in a bar are uneven in a subtle way. You notice this especially if you compare it with computer generated music with the notes all exactly the same length. Varying the beat with a gentle lilt makes the music much more natural sounding and it is likely to be easier to play along with.

See for instance: chapter " Microtiming studies" in thesis by Vijay Iyer at Berkeley university here:

http://archive.cnmat.berkeley.edu/People/Vijay/06.%20Microtiming%20Studies.html

So, if you find it easier to play along with other musicians than a metronome, it may well be because you are used to playing with a lilt and can't adjust your playing to the strict clock like beat of a metronome. This gentle lilt in your playing is something good, to foster. So when you do metronome practice, it is good if you can adjust the metronome to play a lilt :-) (unless you need to play a clock-like strict beat for some reason for a particular piece say).

To do this in Bounce Metronome Pro, just use the gentler settings for swing, such as Gentle lilt. You may also want to unselect "Swing parts with most beats only". This lets you apply a bit of lilt to all the parts in the rhythm, e.g. do the four beats of 4/4 with a lilt to them - a gradual change of timing through the bar. You probably only want a small amount of lilt for this. Then you could use a larger amount of swing if you want to swing quavers subdivisions of each beat.

AMOUNT OF SWING

With swung notes, you can feel that the beats are uneven in a more noticeable way than a gentle lilt. The second beat in a pair is normally faster than the first.

The amount of swing can vary. So for instance you can have a light swing with the beats in a ratio of 3:2 or a hard swing of 3:1 or a medium swing of 2:1. Or the swing can be in between those amounts, it's not a fixed thing that it has to be 2:1 for instance.

A medium swing has the same timing as a triplet crotchet followed by a triplet quaver (UK crotchet followed by quaver). However it isn't really a triplet rhythm - the second note you would expect in a triplet is missing. It is usually notated as a pair of quavers - understood to be played with a "swing feel".

You can set any of these amounts of swing in Bounce Metronome Pro by adjusting the slider.

" TRIPLET SWING" - REALLY A SWUNG DUPLET WITH TRIPLET TIMING

The medium swing is also called a triplet swing because of the triplet timing. But it isn't really in compound time because of the missing second note. It is a beat with two subdivisions with an uneven rhythm. So, it is really, more accurately, a swung duplet with a triplet timing.

JIGS ARE PLAYED WITH SWUNG TRIPLETS (NOT TO BE CONFUSED WITH TRIPLET SWING

Sometimes though you get true swung triplets - I mean triplets of three notes played with a swung feel to them, as in jigs in Scottish Folk Music. So in those, you have three different note lengths there rather than just the two note lengths of ordinary swing. The usual two numbers such as 2:1 for a medium swing aren't enough to specify the amount of swing of a swung triplet.

To find out more about the swing rhythm for jigs in Celtic music see Jigs: Trickier than you probably think

http://www.rogermillington.com/siamsa/brosteve/tricky.html

There are different ways to play the swung triplets of a jig. For a discussion thread see:

http://www.thesession.org/discussions/display/12135/comments

Indeed there are many more ways you could play a triplet, with three notes - you could choose any note to be the shortest, then any other note to be the longest, giving six possibilities (L M S, L S M, M L S, S L M, S M L, M S L), and that's not taking account of all the subtle variations in timing within each of those options.

However, one natural and straightforward way is inspired by the way a drum stick behaves if you drop it lightly on the drum. It plays several subdivisions one after another each faster than the previous one, followed by a slightly longer beat to raise the drum stick for the next beat. You get the same rhythm if you drop a bouncing ball from a height. So that's the L S M option. That is exactly how it's played in the various styles of jig rhythm - whether that's a coincidence or not I don't know.

So that's how it's done in Bounce Metronome Pro. So you play the first beat a bit slower than usual, and the next beat a bit faster. That's followed by a medium length beat to raise the drum stick before the next series of bounces. So - just like the way you play the rhythm in a Celtic Jig.

Another subtlety about Jigs is that they are often played with the second triplet in the 6/8 slightly faster than the first so with a very slightly uneven step. Hardly noticeable, but if you listen carefully you hear it.

Also the bars vary in timing too with a lilt - again if you lisen carefully, the first bar may be normal speed, second bar a little faster, third back to normal, fourth a bit slower than the first, the tempo varying very slightly in waves like that. That's common in many styles of music but perhaps a little more noticeable in Celtic music.

SWUNG NOTES WITH FOUR OR MORE SUBDIVISIONS

When you have four or more subdivisions, then Bounce Metronome Pro does it in the same way, each beat is played faster than the previous one, like the bounces of a bouncing ball or drum stick. So in a four subdivisions swing, the first note is slower than normal, then the next one is a little faster, the third note is the fastest of all, then followed by a slower note again for the lift of the drum stick before the next main beat.

Of course there are many other types of rhythm or "grooves" with uneven timings. Or you may want to vary the swing in subtle ways in the bar.

If that's what you need, you can also set the timings of the beats individually or tap out a rhythm for the bar yourself.

For part: (editable) (Alt + A)

Choose which part to adjust the beats for

For part: (spin) (Alt + A)

Increase or decrease number of part to adjust the beats for

CONTROL + click on this to move the part as well - same as click on the v or ^ buttons in Show All Parts (Ctrl + 9)...

CONTROL + click here moves (nearly all) settings for this part.

It's one of those things, not so easy to explain but try it out and you'll see what it does - keep Show All Parts (Ctrl + 9) open as you do so.

EXAMPLE

Example, suppose you selected part 2 and part 2 has 16 beats, while part 3 has 4 beats.

If you click on the down arrow here to change selection to part 3, normally just shows part 3 with it s 4 beats.

But CONTROL + click on down arrow will swap the two parts around so now you have part 2 with 4 beats, part 3 with 16 beats - and so should end up looking the same - but you have actually moved everything to another part number in Show All Parts (Ctrl + 9)

Skip coincident notes (check box)

Skips coincident notes in the parts with most notes - may be useful when each part plays a different instrument...

This can help to make the bar beat and the main beats more distinctive in sound.

Default is switched off - then the instrument for the subbeats plays on every beat including all the main beats and including the down beat (measure beat).

The rhythm may have a slightly syncopated feel to it as e.g. only the instrument for the bar beat part plays the down beat.

Easiest way to hear how it works, just try it out.

HOW IT WORKS IN DETAIL WITH EXAMPLE

E.g. in 4/4 with 2 sub-beats.

if set to:

Part 1: 4 BEATS per bar - Low Conga

Part 2: 8 BEATS per bar - High Bongo

Part 3: 1 BEAT per bar - Low Wood Block

Then the preset with this switched OFF is to play the rhythm as

WCB B CB B CB B CB B

Where W is the Wood Block, C is Conga and B is Bongo and e.g. WCB means to play the Wood Block, Conga and Bongo simultaneously.

With this switched ON then you play the rhythm as

W B C B C B C B

So then e.g. the Wood Block is the only instrument to play the bar beat, and the Bongo skips all the main beats of the rhythm, more of a syncopated effect.

' (single quote) Play this part for one Seed (button) (Alt + ')

Plays the rhythm or melody for the highlighted part for one bar...

With the fractal tunes - this plays the melodic seed which is used to construct the entire tune.

Grid (radio button)

Shows a line every three numbers, double line every 10...

It's done this way so that you can easily distinguish the numbers, but still can see the lines even if the seed numbers get quite large.

If the lines are very close together, zoom in on the region using Alt + drag.

Bars

LEFT CLICK on a note to change its volume

RIGHT CLICK to change timing

ALT + click and drag to bring up detailed view in separate window

BEATS GET AUTO ALIGNED AS YOU CHANGE THE TIMES - so if you change the timing for one part, other parts also auto adjust as necessary to keep the beats aligned, example, middle beat of 6/8 always auto adjusts to hit at start of the fourth of the quavers...

VOLUMES

To change the volume of a note just click on it. There is no need to drag though it does no harm.

TIMINGS

To change the timing, right click. This changes the position of the nearest note boundary to the click.

So to make a note shorter, right click on the line to the right of the note. To change the start time of the note, right click on the line to its left.

You can drag if you like. Dragging the notes seems to be the most intuitive approach for the note timings perhaps.

MORE ABOUT AUTO ALIGNMENT

Simple example of auto alignment - if you adjust the centre beat of 6/8 - the part that beats the dotted crotchets - then the first three and the last three of the quavers in the six beats per bar part will also auto adjust to make sure that this "centre beat" still coincides with the third beat of the bar. And if you adjust the quavers, then the dotted quater note beat will auto adjust to keep aligned.

Same also happens with polyrhythms, though none of the beats may coincide exactly - still the parts auto adjust to keep the same sequence or beats, basically the polyrhythm is "stretched" as you adjust the parts, to keep the same overall pattern and feel of the rhythm.

Another simple example:

To see how this works, set up, for instance, two beats in part 1 and in part 2.

Set the times to 0.5 1.5 in the first part, and 1.5 0.5 in part 2. Because the beats in the two parts need to be aligned, then they auto adjust so that both parts are played with the timing 1 1 as you will hear when you play the rhythm.

You can also see how this works visually in Beats - Overview of all the Parts (Ctrl + 31)

WISH LIST OPTION TO UNSYNC. AUTO ALIGNMENT

I have a wish to add a check box to unsychronize the beats between the parts. However this programming is technically tricky because of its origins as a fractal tune generator.

See http://robertinventor.com/bmwiki/Bounce_Metronome_Pro_Wish_List#Add_option_to_unsychronize_the_times_between_the_parts

ZOOM IN

If the seed has many notes, or has some sections with many short notes in a short space of time, you may need to zoom in on part of the seed to see it in detail.

To do that, hold down the ALT key and drag over the area of interest. This will bring it up in a new window which you can then use to edit it just as you do for the original.

You can also use the CAPS LOCK key physically held down and drag as alternative to the ALT key.

Melody Seed numbers - in arpeggio: Follow scale

LEFT CLICK to change the melody seed numbers - which changes the melody for the tune, RIGHT CLICK to change timing...

This adjusts the seed numbers. These have to be whole numbers - show the grid (an option in the More version of this window) if you want to see how many steps there are - the grid has lines every three seed notes.

The vertical scale in this picture changes as you use larger numbers.

To add higher numbers, click above the highest note in your seed. The picture will auto re-scale if needed to show your new number. Similarly for lower numbers click below the lowest note.

To see the effect of your actions on the seed numbers themselves,have the Beats As Text (Ctrl + 77) window open at the same time.

ZOOM IN

If the seed has many notes, or has some sections with many short notes in a short space of time, you may need to zoom in on part of the seed to see it in detail.

To do that, hold down the ALT key and drag over the area of interest. This will bring it up in a new window which you can then use to edit it just as you do for the original.

Beat labels (check box)

Label the beats in Beats volumes and times (Ctrl + 76) using the same labels as the bounciing balls You can label them with beat numbers, beat times since start of bar, etc, - as chosen in Beats Counting System (Ctrl + 246)

No lilt (check box)

Useful as a way to make one of the parts with no lilt or swing...

With some swing rhythms, you may want one of the parts to be just a steady beat.

E.g. maybe in 6/8 you want to swing the quavers but use a steady beat for the dotted crotchets.

To do that set the part with the steady beat to No Lilt.

TECHY NOTE

This actually sets the lilt to 99.999999% for techy reasons. For practical purposes it's identical to 100%, and will be shown as 100% if you have the numbers set to show less than 6 decimal places.

(techy info - If it was set to exactly 100% then you wouldn't be able to unselect the Lilt or swing check box because the lilt would be indistinguishable by the program from a steady beat.)

Gentle lilt (check box) (Alt + G)

Gentle lilt with the shorter beat 85% of the longer beat

Strong lilt (check box) (Alt + O)

Stronger lilt with the shorter beat 75% of the longer beat

Light swing (check box) (Alt + L)

A light swing has the pairs of beats in the ratio 3 : 2.

CONTROL + CLICK on this button for golden ratio swing, ratio 1.618.. : 1 ...

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swing_%28music%29

This has the beats in the ratio 150% to 100%.

If you use Ctrl + click you can make a golden ratio swing in ratio 1.618... to 1.

The golden ratio swing has the property that the the larger subdivision is larger than the smaller one in the same proportion as the whole beat is to the larger subdivision.

Or in other words, the ratio of the large subdivision to the small subdivision is the same as the ratio of the whole beat to the large subdivision.

Medium swing (check box) (Alt + M)

Medium swing (or triplet swing) has the pairs of beats in the ratio 2 : 1, same ratio as straight crotchet to quaver....

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swing_(jazz_performance_style)#Types

Hard swing (check box) (Alt + H)

A hard swing has the pairs of beats in the ratio 3 : 1 - same ratio as straight dotted quaver to semiquaver - or SHIFT + CLICK for Scottish Snap (reverse swing)...

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swing_(jazz_performance_style)#Types

You can use SHIFT + CLICK on this button to get the Scottish Snap (Lombard) rhythm - short then long.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lombard_rhythm

You can also use SHIFT + CLICK on any of the other buttons or the swing slider to get a reverse swing.

Lilt or swing to (check box) (Alt + G)

For a more natural feel or practice Jazz rhythms, Scottish folk music etc...

I'll start by going through some typical ways to use this feature for a quick start. Scroll down if new to swing or lilt to find out more about them - see http://www.robertinventor.com/wiki/swung_notes.htm further down this page - also later in this page you can find out more about how the swing is implemeneted in Bounce metronome.

SOME TYPICAL WAYS TO USE THIS FEATURE

SWING

You can use this to practise swing rhythms such as for Jazz. To do that you set up a rhythm with two subdivisions of each beat - and then as you adjust the swing, the first beat in each pair of subdivisions gets longer and the second beat shorter.

LILT

Or you can use this to add a gentle lilt to the rhythm as a whole. You can use it like this with a rhythm without subdivisions such as 4/4. Just switch this on but set the slider to a small amount towards the left of the range. This will make the beats in the bar slightly uneven and more natural sounding which you may find helps with practice.

SCOTTISH JIGS AND OTHER SWUNG 6/8

If you use this option with compound time rhythms like 6/8 then the triplets get swung. In a triplet swing then the first beat is long, second beat is shorter third beat is between the first two in duration. It's similar rhythm to a triple stroke buzz roll on a drum - the triplet beats get shorter and shorter - then there's a slight pause before start of the next triplet just like the (very slight) pause you get as the drummer lifts the drum stick between buzz rolls - not really a pause - just a gap that is a bit longer than the gap between the last two strokes of the buzz roll.

BUZZ ROLLS

You can also use this option with rhythms with more than 3 subdivisions of each beat. Each one will be played like a buzz roll on a drum of the same number of beats. Again you can use this with a hard swing for an n-tuplet version of the scottich swung triplet or for a buzz roll effect - or with a gentle lilt just to make the n-tuplets a bit uneven in an interesting way. If you want a buzz roll effect with 4 or more subdivisions, make sure you switch off the "Shuffle - Auto pulse as 2 subdivisions if possible" option in Swing, Auto Accents and Time Signature Change - Preferences (Ctrl + 232)

SWING PART WITH MOST BEATS ONLY=

Normally you swing just one of the parts, most often the part with most subdivisions. But when musicians play, the beats themselves are also uneven slightly, as well as the subdivisions. To set up a rhythm like that then you can switch off "Swing part with most beats only" - also switch off "Swing all the same" both in Swing, Auto Accents and Time Signature Change - Preferences (Ctrl + 232).

Then you can set the swing or lilt independently for each part. You might set the subdivisions to a hard swing for instance, and the individual beats to a gentle lilt.

You can also adjust the timing of any individual beats by hand in Template:W - what you might do is set up the rhythm first using swing and lilt for all the parts - then listen to it and then micro-adjust the individual beats to your preference to get the rhythm you like.

The way of doing lilt here for more than two subdivisions is only one way of doing it..

SWUNG NOTES

Swung notes are a feature of many types of music. Notes are played alternately longer and shorter than usual though normally notated all the same length. See the wikipedia article on Swung Note. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swung_note

Types of music that use swung notes include jazz, Celtic music, some dance and country music, and early music particularly France from the middle of the 16th century to late 18th century.

the early music use (notes inégal) see

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Notes_in%C3%A9gales

and the Dolmetsch site on notes inégal

http://www.dolmetsch.com/musictheory20.htm#egal

For the precursors much earlier in the Ars Antiqua rhythmic modes:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhythmic_mode

GENTLE LILT

In nearly all types of music the beats in a bar are uneven in a subtle way. You notice this especially if you compare it with computer generated music with the notes all exactly the same length. Varying the beat with a gentle lilt makes the music much more natural sounding and it is likely to be easier to play along with.

So, if you find it easier to play along with other musicians than a metronome, it may well be because you are used to playing with a lilt and can't adjust your playing to the strict clock like beat of a metronome. This gentle lilt in your playing is something good, to foster. So when you do metronome practice, it is good if you can adjust the metronome to play a lilt :-) (unless you need to play a clock-like strict beat for some reason for a particular piece say).

To do this in Bounce Metronome Pro, just use the gentler settings for swing, such as Gentle lilt. You may also want to unselect "Swing parts with most beats only". This lets you apply a bit of lilt to all the parts in the rhythm, e.g. do the four beats of 4/4 with a lilt to them - a gradual change of timing through the bar. You probably only want a small amount of lilt for this. Then you could use a larger amount of swing if you want to swing quavers subdivisions of each beat.

AMOUNT OF SWING

With swung notes, you can feel that the beats are uneven in a more noticeable way than a gentle lilt. The second beat in a pair is normally faster than the first.

The amount of swing can vary. So for instance you can have a light swing with the beats in a ratio of 3:2 or a hard swing of 3:1 or a medium swing of 2:1. Or the swing can be in between those amounts, it's not a fixed thing that it has to be 2:1 for instance.

A medium swing has the same timing as a triplet crotchet followed by a triplet quaver (UK crotchet followed by quaver). However it isn't really a triplet rhythm - the second note you would expect in a triplet is missing. It is usually notated as a pair of quavers - understood to be played with a "swing feel".

You can set any of these amounts of swing in Bounce Metronome Pro by adjusting the slider.

" TRIPLET SWING" - REALLY A SWUNG DUPLET WITH TRIPLET TIMING

The medium swing is also called a triplet swing because of the triplet timing. But it isn't really in compound time because of the missing second note. It is a beat with two subdivisions with an uneven rhythm. So, it is really, more accurately, a swung duplet with a triplet timing.

JIGS ARE PLAYED WITH SWUNG TRIPLETS (NOT TO BE CONFUSED WITH TRIPLET SWING

Sometimes though you get true swung triplets - I mean triplets of three notes played with a swung feel to them, as in jigs in Scottish Folk Music. So in those, you have three different note lengths there rather than just the two note lengths of ordinary swing. The usual two numbers such as 2:1 for a medium swing aren't enough to specify the amount of swing of a swung triplet.

To find out more about the swing rhythm for jigs in Celtic music see Jigs: Trickier than you probably think

http://www.rogermillington.com/siamsa/brosteve/tricky.html

There are different ways to play the swung triplets of a jig. For a discussion thread see:

http://www.thesession.org/discussions/display/12135/comments

Indeed there are many more ways you could play a triplet, with three notes - you could choose any note to be the shortest, then any other note to be the longest, giving six possibilities (L M S, L S M, M L S, S L M, S M L, M S L), and that's not taking account of all the subtle variations in timing within each of those options.

However, one natural and straightforward way is inspired by the way a drum stick behaves if you drop it lightly on the drum. It plays several subdivisions one after another each faster than the previous one, followed by a slightly longer beat to raise the drum stick for the next beat. You get the same rhythm if you drop a bouncing ball from a height. So that's the L S M option. That is exactly how it's played in the various styles of jig rhythm - whether that's a coincidence or not I don't know.

So that's how it's done in Bounce Metronome Pro. So you play the first beat a bit slower than usual, and the next beat a bit faster. That's followed by a medium length beat to raise the drum stick before the next series of bounces. So - just like the way you play the rhythm in a Celtic Jig.

Another subtlety about Jigs is that they are often played with the second triplet in the 6/8 slightly faster than the first so with a very slightly uneven step. Hardly noticeable, but if you listen carefully you hear it.

Also the bars vary in timing too with a lilt - again if you lisen carefully, the first bar may be normal speed, second bar a little faster, third back to normal, fourth a bit slower than the first, the tempo varying very slightly in waves like that. That's common in many styles of music but perhaps a little more noticeable in Celtic music.

SWUNG NOTES WITH FOUR OR MORE SUBDIVISIONS

When you have four or more subdivisions, then Bounce Metronome Pro does it in the same way, each beat is played faster than the previous one, like the bounces of a bouncing ball or drum stick. So in a four subdivisions swing, the first note is slower than normal, then the next one is a little faster, the third note is the fastest of all, then followed by a slower note again for the lift of the drum stick before the next main beat.

Of course there are many other types of rhythm or "grooves" with uneven timings. Or you may want to vary the swing in subtle ways in the bar.

If that's what you need, you can also set the timings of the beats individually or tap out a rhythm for the bar yourself.

Adjust Swing (slider)

Move slider to adjust the amount of swing - OR click here then use LEFT and RIGHT keys, Page Up, Page Down, Home or End...

Lilt or swing to (editable) (Alt + G)

Length of last beat in swing as a percentage of the first beat...

This can be set independently for each part - for instance if you have split the main beat into subdivisions, you would normally set a larger amount of swing for the part which plays the subdivisions.

Let's take the example of the 4/4 preset with each beat split into two subdivisions. You might use a gentle lilt or no lilt at all for the first part with 4 beats to the bar, and a light, medium or hard swing for the second part, the one with 8 beats to a bar part.

With two beat swing, this is the second beat as a percentage of the first - normally. The very last beat in the bar may be larger than this if you have Adjust last beat in bar towards first selected.

FOR A SWING OF THREE OR MORE BEATS, THIS IS USED FOR THE SHORTEST BEAT WHICHEVER IT IS

For a swing of three or more beats as in 6/8 etc, then this number is the shortest beat as a percentage of the first beat.

(Here read longest for shortest throughout, if you swing the beats in the opposite way from the way it is usually done, with the first beat in the pulse shortest of all).

Which is the shortest beat will depend on whether or not you select Adjust last beat in each pulse towards first by ...

HOW THIS WORKS IN DETAIL

How this works depends on the number of beats in the pulse. Here the pulse means, the number of beats in each group of swung beats, which you can adjust by selecting the option Set metrical unit (pulse).

Often the shortest beat in the swing is the last beat in the pulse. But it can be the second last beat, if there are more than two beats in the pulse and you have the option Adjust last beat in each pulse towards first by ... selected.

As an example, with the three beats pulse of 6/8, 9/8 etc, if you have the option Adjust last beat in each pulse towards first by ... selected, this percentage is used for the length of the second beat in each group of three beats, instead of the third beat.

When you look at the numbers then remember this is the last beat AS A PERCENTAGE OF THE FIRST BEAT - so for instance if the first beat in the pulse is shown as 146% and the last as 73% then the last beat is 50% of the first beat.

Lilt or swing to (spin) (Alt + G)

Increase or decrease size of last beat in pulse as percentage of first beat in pulse

As a swing (editable) (Alt + S)

Length of first beat in pulse as a percentage...

It doesn't matter what number is used here exactly, what matters is the ratio between the first and the last beat in the swing.

So for instance a medium swing of 200% to 100% is the same here as a swing of 20% to 10%, and also the same as as swing of 2000% to 1000% or a swing of 100% to 50%

As a swing (spin) (Alt + S)

Increase or decrease swing amount for first beat in pulse

As a swing (editable)

Length of last beat in swing as a percentage...

It doesn't matter what number is used here exactly, what matters is the ratio between the first and last beat in the swing.

So for instance a medium swing of 200% to 100% is the same here as a swing of 20% to 10%, and also the same as as swing of 2000% to 1000% or a swing of 100% to 50%.

The very last beat in the bar may be larger, if you have Adjust last beat in bar towards first selected.

FOR A SWING OF THREE OR MORE BEATS, THIS IS USED FOR THE SHORTEST BEAT WHICHEVER IT IS

This is used for the shortest beat in the metrical unit (pulse), whichever that is. It's the second beat for a two beat pulse.

(Here read longest for shortest throughout, if you swing the beats in the opposite way from the way it is usually done, with the first beat in the pulse shortest of all).

For three or more beats, which is the shortest beat depends on whether or not you select Adjust last beat in each pulse towards first by ...

HOW THIS WORKS IN DETAIL

How this works depends on the number of beats in the pulse. Here the pulse means, the number of beats in each group of swung beats, which you can adjust by selecting the option Set metrical unit (pulse).

Often the shortest beat in the swing is the last beat in the pulse. But it can be the second last beat, if there are more than two beats in the pulse and you have the option Adjust last beat in each pulse towards first by ... selected.

As an example, with the three beats pulse of 6/8, 9/8 etc, if you have the option Adjust last beat in each pulse towards first by ... selected, this percentage is used for the length of the second beat in each group of three beats, instead of the third beat.

When you look at the numbers then remember this is the last beat AS A PERCENTAGE OF THE FIRST BEAT - so for instance if the first beat in the pulse is shown as 146% and the last as 73% then the last beat is 50% of the first beat.

As a swing (spin) (Alt + S)

Increase or decrease swing amount for last beat in pulse

Set pulse (check box)

Set a custom pulse - used for swing and auto accents...

When unselected, Bounce Metronome works out the pulse based on which beats in the rhythm are skipped or coincide with other beats. Also based on your settings in

Pulse (editable) (Alt + E)

Pulse (spin) (Alt + E)

Shuffle subdivisions if possible (check box)

SELECT this to swing even numbers of subdivisions into four or more notes as a shuffle, i.e. in alternating pairs, UNSELECT if your preference is always for a drum roll effect type swing...

Normally SELECTED for ordinary swing practice. You may want to try it unselected, e.g. for a subtle lilt to make the bar rhythm feel a bit more lively - or to practise drum roll type "decaying bounces" type rhythms.

When SELECTED, then the notes are swung as alternately long then short, so long as the number of subdivisions is divisible by 2.

When UNSELECTED, then you get the drum roll type swing.

ODD NUMBERS OF SUBDIVISIONS ARE ALWAYS SWUNG WITH DRUM ROLL TYPE SWING

If you have three, or five, or some other odd number of beats, then the beats are still swung as triplets, quintuplets etc. since the number of subdivisions isn't divisible by 2 any more.

AUTO SHUFFLE ENTIRE BAR

This option is for parts that play subdivsions of the beat.

For parts that have no subdivsions, you may still want to auto shuffle the entire bar in a similar way. If that's your preference, see "Shuffle entire measure" in Swing, Auto Accents and Time Signature Change - Preferences (Ctrl + 232)

Beats per bar (editable) (Alt + B)

Number of beats per bar for the selected part

Beats per bar (spin) (Alt + B)

Increase or decrease number of beats per bar for selected part

Set Bar Sizes - for rhythms with two or more bars (check box)

Lets you split the rhythm into two or more bars - for beat number count, also for lilt or swing...

The beat count will start again at the start of each bar. Also the lilt or swing does as well, e.g. with option to adjust the up-beat switched on, will adjust the up beat for all of the bars.

beat count 1 2 3 etc starts at 1 again at each new bar, also swing or lilt treats it as a new bar

Set Bar Sizes - for rhythms with two or more bars (editable)

For additive rhythms, enter number of notes in each bar for the selected part e.g. 8 8, or 6 6 6, or 4 10 4 etc...

Example, if the part has 16 beats but you want to treat it as two bars each of 8 beats, then enter the bar sizes as

8 8

For 18 beats as three bars enter them as

6 6 6

and so on.

The numbers can vary in size so you can also do 18 beats as

4 10 4

etc.

These bar numbers count the beats for this part - whatever units they are (don't need to be crotchets). They also ignore any metrical pulse and pay no attention to whether the notes in this part are are subdivisions of the beats that make another part.

An example may help:

With 18 beats to this part, if you set a metrical pulse of 2 subdivisions and bar sizes 4 10 4 - the notes for this part get counted as

1 & 2 & 1 & 2 & 3 & 4 & 5 & 1 & 2 &

so that e.g. the 1 & 2 & is for the bar shown as 4 in the 4 10 4, and the 1 & 2 & 3 & 4 & 5 & is for the one shown as 10.

Relaxed UP BEAT- adjust last beat in bar by (check box)

Makes last beat longer, to give the music a moment to breath...

Configured in Swing, Auto Accents and Time Signature Change - Preferences (Ctrl + 232). It's for the last beat of the entire bar, so won't make a difference when you swing or lilt subdivisions of the beats.

THIS IS SOMETHING DRUMMERS DO NATURALLY, ALSO CONDUCTORS

At the end of the bar a conductor lifts the baton higher to show the position of the first beat of the next bar. A drummer about to play a loud beat may also lift the drum stick higher. This naturally can lead to a very slight increase in the length of the last beat in the bar - compared to what it would be if this wasn't done.

This is often subtle. When subtle, it can be just enough to make the rhythm a bit soft and less "mechanical", not enough so that you really feel that the last beat is noticeably stretched in any way.

THIS CAN MAKE THE RHYTHM MORE NATURAL AND EASIER TO PLAY ALONG WITH

Perhaps you'll notice this especially if you conduct to the rhythm, clap along, or beat a drum to the rhythm.

So - you may find the rhythm sounds more natural with this switched on. The last beat will probably still be shorter than the first beat in the bar but it is a little longer than it otherwise would be for the position in the bar.

The music may "breath" a bit more as a result. It may be easier to play along with the rhythm if you use this option, as it may make it more like the sort of rhythm a human player might play.

The last beat will still be shorter than the first beat, normally.

Make it more exaggerated, which you can do in Swing, Auto Accents and Time Signature Change - Preferences (Ctrl + 232), and you get something like the rhythm of a Viennese Waltz with a noticeable feeling of "lift" at the end of each bar.

YOU MAY NEED TO SWITCH ON A GENTLE LILT BEFORE THIS OPTION DOES ANYTHING

Try switching off Swing Part with most beats only - and then add a gentle lilt to some of the other parts, not just to the part with most beats in it.

- i.e. you use this when you lilt the main beat as well as (optionally) lilting or swinging subdivisions.

INTERESTING READING ON THIS TOPIC

To find out more about some subtle rhythmic timing effects, see the chapter " Microtiming studies" in the thesis by Vijay Iyer at Berkeley university here:

http://archive.cnmat.berkeley.edu/People/Vijay/06.%20Microtiming%20Studies.html

Relaxed UP BEAT- adjust last beat in bar by (editable)

Amount of adjustment of last beat of bar towards first...

It's 0% for no effect, 100% to make last beat same length as first.

Normally somewhere between 0 and 100 to adjust the last beat somewhat towards the first beat.

If greater than 100, last beat is longer than first. If negative, last beat is shortened even more than usual

towards first (spin)

Increase or decrease amount of adjustment of shortest beat of bar towards first

Adjust last subdivision in each pulse towards first by (check box)

At the end of each pulse, to give the music a moment to breath...

THIS IS SOMETHING DRUMMERS DO NATURALLY, ALSO CONDUCTORS

If the conductor is beating subdivisions then the conductor lifts the baton higher before the stronger main beat. A drummer about to play a loud beat may also lift the drum stick higher. This naturally can lead to a very slight increase in the length of the last beat in the pulse - compared to what it would be if this wasn't done. This time adjustment can carry through even if the beat is actually played quietly.

THIS CAN MAKE THE RHYTHM MORE NATURAL AND EASIER TO PLAY ALONG WITH

Perhaps that's especially so if you clap along, or beat a drum to the rhythm.

So - you may find the rhythm sounds more natural with this switched on. The last beat will probably still be shorter than the first beat in the pulse but it is a little longer than it otherwise would be.

The music may "breath" a bit more as a result. It may be easier to play along with the rhythm if you use this option, as it may make it more like the sort of rhythm a human player might play. It is a subtle effect, not a noticeable pause as such.

The last beat will still be shorter than the first beat, normally. If this amount is small it may still be the shortest beat of the bar - just a bit longer than it would otherwise be. If it is a larger amount, then the last beat may be longer than the second last beat of the pulse, and if it is larger than 100% the last beat may be the longest beat of the pulse.

Adjust last subdivision in each pulse towards first by (editable)

Amount of adjustment of shortest beat of pulse towards first...

It's 0% for no effect, 100% to make last beat same length as first.

Normally somewhere between 0 and 100 to adjust the last beat somewhat towards the first beat.

If greater than 100, last beat is longer than first. If negative, last beat is shortened even more than usual

Adjust last subdivision in each pulse towards first by (spin)

Increase or decrease amount of adjustment of shortest beat of pulse towards first

Adjust last beats for volumes (check box)

Adjust volume of last beat of bar or pulse towards first beat like the times...

The idea is that when you tap out a rhythm, you may very well play the very last beat of a pulse slightly louder to help it to rebound higher.

Or, you may let it just fall at its natural volume.

Switch this on to adjust the last beat of the bar or pulse in the same way as the times.

What this does depends on whether you have Adjust last beat of bar or adjust last beat in each pulse selected.

If the last beat of the bar or pulse is slightly longer than it would be, then with this option, it is also slightly louder than it would be otherwise.

Auto Accents (check box) (Alt + C)

Varies volumes of the OFF BEAT NOTES automatically. For triplets or n-tuplets, makes them gradually quieter, in the way a drumstick bounces if you let it fall loosely...

When lilted in pairs then the second beat is quieter than the first in each pair. When lilted in triplets or more than three notes, each beat is quieter than the previous one exactly in the way it happens with a bouncing ball or drumstick (exponential decay). You can also set it to accent the last beat slightly in triplets or n-tuplets, as players sometimes do. Or you can set it to accent alternate notes. This depends on your settings in Swing, Auto Accents and Time Signature Change - Preferences (Ctrl + 232)

To get syncopation and Jazz type accents, i.e. with the off beat notes accented, set the amount of the auto accents larger than 100.

AUTOMATIC CHOICE TO LILT IN PAIRS, TRIPLETS, OR MORE NOTES

The automatic choice to lilt in pairs, triplets, or more notes depends on the reinforced beats.

For instance in the 6/8 preset the third beat is reinforced, as it is played in both of the first two parts. So this rhythm is lilted or swung as two triplets.

In 3/4 with each crotchet split into quavers, the second and fourth beats of the six beat part are reinforced. So this time, the six beats (of part 2) are lilted or swung in pairs.

In both of those examples the number of beats to the bar is the same, six beats for part 1.

You can override this by setting the metrical pulse yourself in Beats volumes and times (Ctrl + 76)

You can set any number as the metrical pulse and indeed, one can get interesting rhythms by using a pulse that doesn't match the rhythm, e.g. a metrical pulse of 4 in 6/8 or whatever.

Auto Accents (editable) (Alt + C)

Sets the volume of the OFF BEAT notes - as a percentage. Set this to the volume of the UNACCENTED BEATS for normal rhythms, or set this to over 100% to for syncopated (jazzy) rhythms...

For rhythms with three or more subdivisions, this the volume of the quietest subdivision - as percentage of the main beat volume. The quietest note is usually the last or the second last, depending on the settings in Swing, Auto Accents and Time Signature Change - Preferences (Ctrl + 232)

Auto Accents (spin) (Alt + C)

Increase or decrease Volume of last beat in pulse as a percentage of first beat

Accent (check box)

click to switch on NORMAL ACCENTS - ON THE BEATS

You can then click a second time for Jazz accents...

This button will be labelled Accent when the volume is set to normal accents, or Jazz if set to Jazz accents.

You can then press the button to switch between the two at any time. If set to normal accents, changes volume to 300 for Jazz accents. If set to Jazz accents, sets this to 50.

How this works is configured in {{w232]]

If you already have the desired type of accent you can use SHIFT + click on the button to set it to the preset value without switching the type of accent (saves need to click twice to get back to desired type of accent).

You need the volume to be over 100% for Jazz type accents between the main beats of the rhythm.

You need it to be below 100% for normal accents - emphasize first beat in each subdivision.

Beats As Text (Ctrl + 77)

Adjust individual beats as numbers - also in the PRO metronome - adjust the amount of the lilt or swing...

For a more natural feel and a more lively rhythm. Or with a stronger level of swing, use to practise rhythms that require swing, such as Jazz rhythms, Scottish folk music etc...

Swing, Auto Accents and Time Signature Change - Preferences (Ctrl + 232)

Configure how the swing and lilt is done...

So for instance, you may want to make the last beat of the bar a little longer. Performers often do this, the "up beat" leading into the first beat of the next bar is a bit longer, has a bit of slack to it, a moment of slight rest before the energetic start of the next bar.

It's not necessarily the longest beat in the bar, the first beat may be longer for instance, but just a bit longer than expected for its position in the bar, so e.g. a bar of four beats may go long, a bit shorter, a bit shorter again, then back to nearly as long as the first one.

So anyway this is a subtle effect, so you probably don't want it to be as strong as say swing, depending. But you can also combine this with swing as well, e.g. in four beats to the bar with two subdivisions, swing the 8 beat part for the subdivisions, and add a gentle lilt to the four beat part - to do that unselect the option to swing part with most beats only. You also need to unselect Shuffle, and then if necessary adjust the pulse for individual parts.

BTW interesting reference on microtiming in rhythm, chapter " Microtiming studies" in thesis by Vijay Iyer at Berkeley university here:

http://archive.cnmat.berkeley.edu/People/Vijay/06.%20Microtiming%20Studies.html

Beats - Overview of all the Parts (Ctrl + 31)

Set the beat times and volumes individually for any beat in any of the parts in the rhythm - overview of all the parts..

Only swing part with most beats (check box)

This is usually the part you want to swing if you swing one part only...

If you switch this off then you need to set the amount of swing separately for each part.

This can be useful, for instance if you want to add a gentle lilt in one part on top of the swing in another part. Or if you want to swing a different part from the default.

The part with most beats in it is usually the part for the subdivisions, so the one you want to swing. So that's why this is the default setting.

Keep main beats all same size (check box)

This is for rhythms with no subdivisions, pulse or auto shuffle set - SELECT this to keep all the beats the same size, or UNSELECT if you want to swing the entire bar with a drum roll type effect - or for a gentle lilt...

Sometimes you want to adjust the timing of the main beats even when the rhythm has no subdivsiions - either to play buzz rolls, or for a gentle lilt, or to shuffle the main beats (instead of the subdivsions).

When you want all the beats the same size, SELECT this option to ignore swing for the main beats.

If you prefer to use buzz roll type effects, or gentle lilt, or shuffle the entire bar when possible (e.g. use alternating beat sizes for e.g. 4/4), unselect this and try the other options in Swing, Auto Accents and Time Signature Change - Preferences (Ctrl + 232).

THIS CHECK BOX MIGHT NOT KEEP THE MAIN BEATS STEADY FOR A RHYTHM WITH SUBDIVISIONS

With some types of rhythms, the main beats in one part may be affected by the timing of the subdivisions in another part, even when not swung directly.

This can often happen with polyrhythms. It can also happen in simpler situations.

Simple example:

Switch on the Buzz rolls.

Set the rhythm as 2/4 wth 4 subdivsions combined with 4/4 (as a "polyrhythm").

The four beats will be uneven even - because they get adjusted in timing to accomodate the buzz roll effect for the 4 subdivsions.

Swing to % at (editable)

Choose which beat the swing slider sets the size for, for power rule fade (0 for last, 1 for second last etc)...

Makes no difference to swing based on two subdivisions. Only when you swing in groups of 3 or more, and without the auto shuffle.

Example, suppose swing set to Medium swing - so 200 to 100, i.e. swing to 50% of first beat. Then if there are more than two beats, then there is a choice, which beat to swing to the desired size.

The number you set here is counted backwards from the last beat of the pulse, from 0 for the last beat.

The preset value is 1 for the second last beat.

So in e.g. 6/8 with 50% swing, and counted with three subdivsions, as 1 & a 2 & a then the default here sets the &s to 50% of the first beat. The "a"s are then set to a smaller time than 50%.

Resize all skipped beat times on resize end of note (check box)

Makes it easier to resize a note made up of many skipped notes joined together - as you adjust the last one, all the others resize similarly

Resize all skipped beat times on resize end of note (editable)

Default is 7 pixels. Hides the dots for skipped beats if they are narrower than this ...

When the dots are very narrow, it is hard to distinguish the dots from the diamonds that start a new beat. You can still see where to click if you hover the mouse over the area at the top of the beats

Some rhythms use huge numbers of beats - with most of the beats skipped. These options make the bar chart in this window easier to read.

Still shows the diamond for the start of each beat.

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Previous: Beats As Text

Next: Opts for Pitch Tracer (Count Waves) and -> Beats
Controls Common to Many Windows

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