All Windows/Play, Rhythms and Bounce/Tempo/Go SILENT briefly and Tempo Cycles (Ctrl 245)
From Bounce Metronome
Screen Shot (More)
This is what you get in the More version of this window (you use the More button to show it).
Go SILENT briefly and Tempo Cycles
Set numbers of silent measures for Go Silent Briefly - hide the bouncing ball when silent - also configure Lilt Measures
Play, then Go SILENT at measures: (check box) (Alt + S)
Switches the sound off for a few measures at a time - this can help you learn to develop your inner sense of rhythm - you can set the number of measures to play or go silent in Automatic Tempo and Rhythm Changes (Ctrl + 245)...
The idea is it helps you to play at a steady tempo without a metronome.
You enter the numbers of measures to play and to be silent for in Automatic Tempo and Rhythm Changes (Ctrl + 245).
The idea here is that you continue to play when the sound stops. Then when the sound comes back again, aim to be exactly in time with the metronome, or as close as you can get to it.
You can try this either with or without the bouncing ball visuals as an extra cue to help you stay in time through the silence.
Play in the Pocket
When you practise with the metronome it helps to play exactly in time with the beat, so you "bury the click". That makes sure you are exactly in tempo with the metronome.
Then when the metronome comes on again, are you still in time with it?
Are you so exactly in time that you "bury the beat" right away on the first click after the silence?
You can then try longer and longer silences and see if you are still in the pocket at the end.
Enter number of measures to play, then number to be silent for, alternating (editable) (Alt + N)
You can enter more than two numbers e.g. 1, 3, 2, 4 to play for 1 measure, silent for 3, play for 2, silent for 4...
Repeats your sequence of measures endlessly for as long as you let the metronome play.
Hide Bounce for selected measures (check box) (Alt + H)
Play 2nd measure of 4 a little faster by (check box)
Plays 2nd measure faster, 3rd at original tempo, 4th slower, in 4 measure cycle
Play 2nd measure of 4 a little faster by (editable)
How much faster to play the faster measures, as a %...
So for instance if you set this to 4 then the meaures are played at
100% 104% 100% 96.154% of the start tempo - then repeats
It's 96.154 not 96% in this example because it is worked out using the same change in tempo in both directions as a proprotion. So if it increases by 4% on the faster measures (i.e. by 104/100) then on the slower measures it decreases as 100* (100/104) %
Play 3rd measure of 8 a little faster by (check box)
Gradually gets faster up to the 3rd measure, then slows down to the 7th measure then back to start tempo in 8 measure cycle
Play 3rd measure of 8 a little faster by (editable)
How much faster to play the fastest 3rd measure in the cycle...
It's a gradual variation up and down in tempo, slowest at the 7th measure
Play 5th measure of 16 a little faster by (check box)
Gradually gets faster up to the 5th measure, then slows down to the 13th measure then back to start tempo in 16 measure cycle
Play 5th measure of 16 a little faster by (editable)
How much faster to play the fastest 5th measure in the cycle...
It's a gradual variation up and down in tempo, slowest at the 13th measure
Play 9th measure of 32 a little faster by (check box)
Gradually gets faster up to the 9th measure, then slows down to the 25th measure then back to start tempo in 32 measure cycle
Play 9th measure of 32 a little faster by (editable)
How much faster to play the fastest 9th measure in the cycle...
It's a gradual variation up and down in tempo, slowest at the 25th measure
Set Tempo or Rhythm for Measures (check box)
Helps to give a more natural feel to the rhythm by varying the timing subtly from one measure to the next...
When you play or sing a tune, while keeping to a steady overall tempo, it's natural to vary the timing very slightly from one measure to the next. Playing all the measures exactly the same is a bit like walking with all your strides exactly the same like a robot. It isn't wrong to do that - it is done sometimes - especially with music based on repeating sound loops. However it is more common for the measures to vary in a subtle way from measure to measure.
Often the measure timing varies with the melody line and the feel of the tune, so this can't be preset in advance. But a fairly common pattern is to start at normal tempo, second measure is a tiny bit faster, third is back nearly to normal tempo and fourth measure is very slightly slower than normal, then continue in that way in waves of subtle tempo variation, slower and faster.
So this is the preset pattern.
You can vary the amount of the lilt. You can also set the instant tempo for each measure individually for as many measures as you like.
This option may make the metronome feel a bit more lively and make it easier to play along with. It is also good practice for playing with other musicians and help make your own rhythms more organic and lively.
Tempo Cycles (check box) (Alt + T)
Select this to vary the tempo
Tempo Cycles (drop list) (Alt + T)
How to show the tempo for each measure in the cycle - as % of first in the list, or as BPM...
If you set this to BPM then the here will change whenever you vary the tempo of the rhythm, since the tempo cycle is worked out as an extra tempo variation on top of the selected tempo on the dial.
Tempo Cycles (editable) (Alt + T)
Enter the tempo for each measure in the cycle, either as % of first in the list, or as bpm depending on the choice for the drop list...
If you set this to BPM then the numbers here will change whenever you vary the tempo on the main tempo dial, since the tempo cycle is worked out as an extra tempo variation on top of the selected tempo on the dial.
Set quarter notes per measure for the tempo cycles (check box)
Makes no difference to the sound of the rhythm, but changes the displayed notes e.g. on the tempo dial
Set quarter notes per measure for the tempo cycles (editable)
Enter the number of quarter notes per measure for each of the rhythms
Rhythm Cycles (check box) (Alt + R)
You can set a different rhythm for each measure here
1st rhythm : (editable)
Enter all the rhythms you want to use with the special rhythm notation - see the rest of this tip for details...
4 = 4/4 - a number on its own gives the number of beats per measure.
3s4 = 3/4 with 4 subdivsions - number after the s is the number of subdivisions
3:5 polyrhythm 3:5
3+2+3 = 3/4 + 2/4 + 3/4 additive rhythm
6/8 = time signature 6/8
4/4+7/8 = additive rhythm
MAKE SURE YOU HAVE NO SPACES IN ANY OF THE RHYTHMS
- the space is used as a separator to show where one rhythm ends and the next begins.
So for example, make sure you type 3:5 DONT TYPE 3 :5 (space before the :).
For details of the notations see below.
The other windows with rhythm cycles in them
You can also set a rhythm cycle in Rhythm cycles, Morphing Polyrhythms - and fast numerical entry for rhythms (Ctrl + 89) and step through the rhythms of a rhythm cycle with up and down arrows in Tempo Dial - Preferences (Ctrl + 223). You can use different rhythm cycles for each of those windows if you like. However, the notation is the same for them all so you can also copy / paste rhythms between these windows.
There is a bit of a difference "under the hood" - Rhythm cycles, Morphing Polyrhythms - and fast numerical entry for rhythms (Ctrl + 89) uses scripts so is the one to start from if you want to make your own script for a complex piece of music. Also if you use Rhythm cycles, Morphing Polyrhythms - and fast numerical entry for rhythms (Ctrl + 89) then you can show all the rhythms in the cycle across the bottom of the bouncing balls window. On the other hand, Automatic Tempo and Rhythm Changes (Ctrl + 245) lets you set a different tempo for each rhythm, and set how many measures to play each rhythm for, without any need to edit a script.
How the notation works
Make sure you have no WHITE SPACE within the rhythm notation
Make sure you enter each rhythm without any spaces e.g. 6/8 not "6 / 8" because white space is used as a separator to separate the rhythms in the list.
Ordinary time signatures=
Just enter the number of beats per measure such as 2 (for 2/4) and 3 (for 3/4). There is no need to add the /4 though it does no harm.
The complete time signature is useful for compound time signatures.
Esample: 6/8, 9/8 etc. This will emphasize the extra beats e.g. the middle beat in 6/8.
Enter all the numbers of beats to the bar separated by :
Example:2:3:5 for the polyrhythm 2 over 3 over 5.
Cycles of Polyrhythms
You can do these as e.g.
To repeat each measure use e.g.:
(still all one word with no spaces)
to repeat each measure three times (you can use the word bars instead of measures if you prefer)
For time signatures with subdivisions add an 's' after the time signature followed by the desired number of subdivisions
Eamples: 3s4 for 3/4 with four subdivisions.
Polyrhythms with subdivisions
Same as for ordinary time signatures, add an 's' followed by the desired number of subdivisions. But you can add more than one number of subdivisions, e.g.
3:5s2:3 for 3 over 5 with 2 and 3 subdivisions respetively,
If you prefer, use & for the subdivisions
However, you can't at the moment use the s subdivisions notation for the cycles of polyrhythms. Instead for e.g. 3:4+3:2 with two subdivisions of each part you would do as 3:6:4:8+3:6:2:4 i.e. add in the extra parts for each number of subdivisions e.g. add in :6 for two subdivisions of 3
Additive rhythms (Mixed meters)
Use a + e.g. 2+3+2 for the additive rhythm 2+3+2/4
Comparison of Polyrhythm and Time Signature notations
Note that 6/8 is the same as 6:2 I.e. the time signature 6/8 has same effect as playing 6 beats to the bar over 2 beats to the measure.
Set numbers of measures for rhythms (check box)
Use this to play each rhythm for several measures
Set numbers of measures for rhythms (editable)
Enter the number of measures to play for each tempo or rhythm