Bounce Metronome Wiki- Bounce helps you keep time

All Windows/Play, Rhythms and Bounce/Tempo/Speed drills (simpler version) (Ctrl 280)

From Bounce Metronome

Jump to: navigation, search
Click on any button or other control in this image to jump to its tooltip.    

Error: image is invalid or non-existent

Previous: Set Tempo Dial Range, Tempo Names and Design

Next: Tempi for Beats per Measure
Controls Common to Many Windows

Contents

Screen Shot (More)

Error: image is invalid or non-existent


This is what you get in the More version of this window (you use the More button to show it).

Speed drills (simpler version)

Useful for speed drills (simpler setup) - enter the target tempo, start tempo, step size in BPM, and set how many measures, seconds or minutes to play for each tempo.

This window is an interface into Automatic Tempo and Rhythm Changes (Ctrl + 245) so after setting things up here go to that window to customize things further, e.g. if you want to change rhythm during the drill, or play a distinctive instrument at the start of each cycle and so on...

When you click "Set up now!" then this sets up everything as desired in Automatic Tempo and Rhythm Changes (Ctrl + 245). Also sets it up automatically when you edit any of the parameters.

What it does is to switch on the Tempo and Rhythm progressions in Automatic Tempo and Rhythm Changes (Ctrl + 245) and switches on the Tempo Progression (and switches off Rhythm Progression).

It then makes a list of tempi to match your selection.

E.g. if set to 60 as start tempo, 100 as target, and 2 as the step size, the list of tempi is set to "90 step 2 to 100" and this then expands to

90 92 94 96 98 100.

You can then edit any of the fields in Automatic Tempo and Rhythm Changes (Ctrl + 245) if you want to make other changes to capture it further.

Sync dial (check box)

You can use this to set up the tempo dial to show the tempo in the same way as this window. Is highlighted (as if pressed) if already set up like that...

Switches on "Always show TEMPO FOR" in Tempo Dial - Preferences (Ctrl + 223) ands sets it to same type of note, e.g. quarter notes or eighth notes etc, as this window.

TARGET TEMPO (editable) (Alt + T)

Target tempo to reach at the end of the speed drill

Start tempo (editable) (Alt + S)

Start tempo for the speed drill

= (editable)

Start tempo as a percentage of the target tempo for the speed drill

Auto adjust start tempo to % of target (check box)

When this is switched on, automatically adjusts the start tempo whenever you change the target tempo, to keep it at the same % of the target...

This is useful if, for instance, you want to practice many different tempi, and always start, say 80% slower or 60% slower or whatever

Speed drills are: OFF (check box)

CLICK HERE to set up the speed drill if not already set up automatically, click again to switch it off

- CLICK THIS BUTTON to set up the speed drills (drop list)

How to show the tempo progression - and method to use to set the tempi.

E.g. as the tempo for the dial, or tempo for quarter notes etc.

dotted (check box)

Sets whether to show the tempo with dotted notes in windows Speed drills (simpler version) (Ctrl + 280) and Automatic Tempo and Rhythm Changes (Ctrl + 245), when you have "Tempo for quarter notes (etc)" selected

NOTE: this need not match the tempo shown in the tempo dial - if you want the dial to show the tempi in the same way, you can configure that in Tempo Dial - Preferences (Ctrl + 223) or use the Sync. dial button.

dotted (drop list)

Sets the note type to use to show the tempo in windows Speed drills (simpler version) (Ctrl + 280) and Automatic Tempo and Rhythm Changes (Ctrl + 245) when you have "Tempo for quarter notes (etc)" selected

NOTE: this need not match the tempo shown in the tempo dial - if you want the dial to show the tempi in the same way, you can configure that in Tempo Dial - Preferences (Ctrl + 223) or use the Sync. dial button.

Tempo step: (editable) (Alt + P)

Tempo step for the speed drill - each measure, or each group of measures is played a bit faster by this amount in BPM

Tempo step: (drop list) (Alt + P)

Tempo step: (drop list) (Alt + P)

EACH TEMPO FOR (check box) (Alt + E)

EACH TEMPO FOR (editable) (Alt + E)

How many measures, seconds or mins to play the target tempo when it is reached

EACH TEMPO FOR (drop list) (Alt + E)

Choose seconds, minutes or measures

Play TARGET for (check box) (Alt + F)

This is useful if you want to play the target tempo for a while once you reach it

Play TARGET for (editable) (Alt + F)

Play TARGET for (drop list) (Alt + F)

Choose seconds, minutes or measures

Return to start tempo (check box) (Alt + R)

In case you want to slow down at the end, to return to the stat tempo. Some musicians practice like this, ramp up to the target tempo, then slow down at the end to a more relaxed tempo.

Auto setup (check box)

Defaults to ON - automatically sets up the speed drill whenever you change any of the settings in the top half of this window (above the ====== LINE)= line)

Each time around, increase tempo by (check box)

Each time you repeat the entire cycle, increases all the tempi (or decreases it) by the same amount. This can be especially useful for speed drills...

This is an exercise you can do, to do a steady ramp in tempo, say from 60 to 100 increasing 2 bpm per measure. Then repeat it, but next time start 2 bpm faster, then 4 bpm faster and so on.

Some musicians find that this exercise lets them gradually practice at faster tempi than they thought possible before - can help you to get through a "speed barrier" that you may think is the fastest tempo you can play.

Each time around, increase tempo by (editable)

How much faster to play all the tempi each time around. You can also set this to a negative number to play all the tempi slower each time around

Stop After (check box)

Sets Bounce metronome to play the progression a preset number of times and then stop.

Note you can also set it to stop play after a set number of measures or beats in Stop After (Ctrl + 281)

If you have both of these options switched on, it will stop at whichever of the two is completed first.

Stop After (editable)

How many cycles to play before stopping

List of Tempi (editable)

Enter the tempi to play one after another.

You can also use step notation e.g. "30 step 5 to 60" for 30 35 40 45 50 55 60...

STEP NOTATION

You can use this with most of the text areas with rows of numbers in Bounce metronome, but is especially useful for the tempo progressions.

Example, enter this into the Tempo Progression field:

30 step 5 to 60

Bounce metronome will treat this as if you typed

30 35 40 45 50 55 60

You can click the Refresh button to see how Bounce metronome interpreted your text.

You can do a decreasing progression in the same way

60 step 5 to 30

for

60 55 50 45 40 35 30

You can do it as

60 step -5 to 30

but don't need to put in the - sign there as Bounce metronome can work out that it is a step downwards.

You can also combine them e.g.

30 step 5 to 60 to 40 for

30 35 40 45 50 55 60 55 50 45 40

Or

30 step 5 to 60 40 step 2 to 50 for:

30 35 40 45 50 40 42 44 46 48 50

Refresh - As separate tempi (check box)

You can use this to refresh all the text areas in this window - useful with step notation.

Ex. type "30 step 5 to 60" to set up a stepwise tempo progression.

If you click this Refresh button, your text will change to "30 35 40 45 50 55 60"...

STEP NOTATION

You can use this with most of the text areas with rows of numbers in Bounce metronome, but is especially useful for the tempo progressions.

Example, enter this into the Tempo Progression field:

30 step 5 to 60

Bounce metronome will treat this as if you typed

30 35 40 45 50 55 60

You can click the Refresh button to see how Bounce metronome interpreted your text.

You can do a decreasing progression in the same way

60 step 5 to 30

for

60 55 50 45 40 35 30

You can do it as

60 step -5 to 30

but don't need to put in the - sign there as Bounce metronome can work out that it is a step downwards.

You can also combine them e.g.

30 step 5 to 60 to 40 for

30 35 40 45 50 55 60 55 50 45 40

Or

30 step 5 to 60 40 step 2 to 50 for:

30 35 40 45 50 40 42 44 46 48 50

Tempo

Enter Tempo in Beats per Minute (like heart rates)- including decimal values or fractional BPM - or optionally as time for note in seconds...

Vary this to play the rhythm faster or slower.

You can use decimals, or ratios like 53/2 or any formula e.g. 3*21 or whatever.

If you want to enter the time for the note instead there's an option to do this in Tempo Dial - Preferences (Ctrl + 223)

CLICK AND DRAG TO ADJUST THE NUMBER

You can also adjust the number here with click and drag. Click on the number and then with the mouse button held down, drag the mouse cursor up out of the text box to increase the number. Drag downwards to decrease the number. If there's a decimal point then you can adjust the numbers either side of the point in the same way, and you can also use Ctrl, Shift or Alt + click / drag to adjust by larger amounts. If it's a formula e.g. 3*21 you can use Ctrl +click to adjust the two numbers independently.

The keyboard shortcut to adjust the number in the same way is Page up or Page down.

TEMPO IN BPM

This normally shows the tempo as beats per minute (BPM) - like heart rates. So for instance 60 is 60 beats a minute, i.e. one beat per second. For more about BPM see the tool tip help for the tempo dial Tempo Dial (Ctrl + 222).

You can show the tempo for any part in the rhythm.

You can see the tempi for all the parts in the rhythm in the bouncing all display in the main Bounce metronome window and in 2D Bounce (Ctrl + 219), also as a text field in the More version of Tempo Dial - Preferences (Ctrl + 223).

You can see the tempo as a tempo dial in the main window or in 2D Bounce (Ctrl + 219).

ABOUT THE PARTS AND THE TEMPI FOR PARTS

Many of the rhythms use several tempi at once. All the tempi are listed at the top of the bouncing ball display.

Example: with the preset 6/8 rhythm, you will see three tempi, for the measure beats, the two beats to a measure (for the centre beat) - and the six beats to a measure.

You can select the part to show on the tempo dial in Tempo Dial - Preferences (Ctrl + 223). Or left or right click on the part number at top left of the dial as a quick way to skip to the next or previous part, also the tempo part is synchronised with the selected part in Beats volumes and times (Ctrl + 76) or Beats As Text (Ctrl + 77).

When you set the tempo for any of the parts, the tempi for all the other parts will be updated to match. E.g. if you set the eighth note tempo to 120 BPM for a 6/7 rhythm, the tempo for the dotted quarter notes automatically updates to 40 BPM (a third of the tempo because the individual notes are three times longer).

Current Tempo (spin) (Alt + T)

Increase or decrease tempo (or note length) - by a SMALL amount...

Adjusts the tempo one beat per minute at a time

Current Tempo (spin)

Adjust tempo (or note length) by LARGER amounts...

Clicking this twice doubles (or halves) the tempo or the note length.

(Each click multiplies it by root two).

Set numbers of measures for rhythms (check box) (Alt + N)

Use this to play each rhythm for several measures

Set numbers of measures for rhythms (editable) (Alt + N)

Enter the number of measures to play for each tempo or rhythm

SAVE ALL THIS (drop list)

Select from droplist of previously saved settings for this window

Save As... (button)

Save all settings for this window

Open... (button)

Open previously saved music notation rhythm and settings for Dance rhythms - or any other rhythms with skipped beats (Ctrl + 228)

>> History (button)

Click here to show recently visited files of this type...

Alternatively, Ctrl + right click on button, text field or drop list

Keyboard shortcut Ctrl + F10.

The menu includes a Current Folder option to explore the folder for the most recent file.

>> History (editable)

Shows all the measures, one to a line

You can EDIT THIS this to change the tempo, rhythm etc for each line...

Example

1: Rhythm 2 Count 4 measures 4 Tempo 120

2: Rhythm 4s2 Count 5 bars 4 Tempo 60

first rhythm is 2/4, count 4 quarter notes to a measure, play it for 4 measures at a tempo of 120 bpm

second rhythm is 4/4 with 2 subdivisions, count 3 beats to a measure, 5 measures, tempo 60

You can also show, and edit, the rhythms, tempi, numbers of measures, as separate lists in the more version of Automatic Tempo and Rhythm Changes (Ctrl + 245)

HOW THE RHYTHM NOTATION WORKS

(repeated from the help for the Rhythm Progressions field in Automatic Tempo and Rhythm Changes (Ctrl + 245)

MAKE SURE YOU HAVE NO WHITE SPACE WITHIN THE RHYTHM NOTATION

Make sure you enter each rhythm without any spaces e.g. 6/8 not "6 / 8" because white space is used as a separator to separate the rhythms in the list.

ORDINARY TIME SIGNATURES=

Just enter the number of beats per measure such as 2 (for 2/4) and 3 (for 3/4). There is no need to add the /4 though it does no harm.

The complete time signature is useful for compound time signatures.

Example: 6/8, 9/8 etc. This will emphasize the extra beats e.g. the middle beat in 6/8.

Also if you want to mix rhythms, like: 2/4 3/16 as in the Stravinsky's Rite of Spring extract.

POLYRHYTHMS

Enter all the numbers of beats to the bar separated by :

Example:2:3:5 for the polyrhythm 2 over 3 over 5.

CYCLES OF POLYRHYTHMS

Additive rhythms which mix polyrhythms won't work here - though they do work with the option to use the Up and Down arrows to cycle through rhythms in Tempo Dial - Preferences (Ctrl + 223).

The difference is that in Tempo Dial - Preferences (Ctrl + 223) you change the rhythm manually. Here you change the rhythm automatically and the rhythm cycles use scripts, and it is tricky to get that automatic rhythm change to work along with the script - so, I thought it best, for now anyway, to just disable the option and show a warning instead.

Example:

2:3+4:3+7:5 = everything after the + is ignored - because it needs a script to play it and you can't play scripted rhythms with this feature.

If you want an additive polyrhythm like that, then do them as separate rhythms. Just leave out the + as e.g.

2:3 4:3 7:5

If you want to repeat a rhythm like that for many bars you need to just copy the rhythm many times yourself

2:3 4:3 7:5 2:3 4:3 7:5 2:3 4:3 7:5 2:3 4:3 7:5

etc

and set the number of measures for each one to 1, or switch off the option to set the number of measures for the rhythms.

(sorry can't think of a simple way around this right now though might be possible in the future - do contact me if you really need this feature and I'll think about it some more - probably can be done one way or another if it is really needed).

SUBDIVISIONS

For time signatures with subdivisions add an 's' after the time signature followed by the desired number of subdivisions

Eamples: 3s4 for 3/4 with four subdivisions.

POLYRHYTHMS WITH SUBDIVISIONS

Same as for ordinary time signatures, add an 's' followed by the desired number of subdivisions. But you can add more than one number of subdivisions, e.g.

3:5s2:3 for 3 over 5 with 2 and 3 subdivisions respetively,

If you prefer, use & for the subdivisions

3:5s2&3

However, you can't at the moment use the s subdivisions notation for the cycles of polyrhythms. Instead for e.g. 3:4+3:2 with two subdivisions of each part you would do as 3:6:4:8+3:6:2:4 i.e. add in the extra parts for each number of subdivisions e.g. add in :6 for two subdivisions of 3

ADDITIVE RHYTHMS (MIXED METERS)

Use a + e.g. 2+3+2 for the additive rhythm 2+3+2/4

COMPARISON OF POLYRHYTHM AND TIME SIGNATURE NOTATIONS

Note that 6/8 is the same as 6:2 I.e. the time signature 6/8 has same effect as playing 6 beats to the bar over 2 beats to the measure.

Less  (spin)

Increases or decreases all the tempi in the list by one bpm.

SHIFT + click to increase or decrease by 5 bpm

ALT or CAPS LOCK held down + click to increase or decrease by 2 bpm.

SHIFT + ALT (or CAPS LOCK) to increase or decrease by 10 bpm.

Hold down CONTROL in addition to double any of those numbers or CONTROL + click on its own to increase / decrease by 3.

pos. (editable)

Shows the position reached in the tempo or rhythm progression so far - when the rhythm is stopped, you can also edit this number to move to another place in the progression.

Rand. Tempo (check box)

PRESS to jump to a random tempo in the list at each tempo change instead of changing to the next tempo in the list

UNPRESS to go back to normal tempo changes, changing to the next tempo in the list each time

Stay at Tempo (check box) (Alt + O)

PRESS if you want to stay at the current tempo for a whilean UNPRESS to resume tempo changes

Set beat counting unit for each tempo (check box)

Use this if you want to set the notation for each rhythm in the progression individually...

When switched on you see an option to reset to the default notation for the rhythm sequence, which you can then edit as you like. This might be a good way to get started.

Reset Notation for Progression (check box)

Resets to the default notation for all the rhythms in a rhythm progression - or to the default notation for the current rhythm in case of a tempo progression

0 0 0 0 (editable)

Enter the number of quarter notes per measure for each of the rhythms

Rhythm Progression (check box) (Alt + R)

You can set a different rhythm for each measure here using "rhythm codes" such as 4 for 4/4, 2 for 2/4, 3:5 for a 3:5 polyrhythm etc...

See the help for the Auto Rhythm Progression text area for more details.

Rhythm Progression (editable) (Alt + R)

Enter all the rhythms you want to use with the special rhythm notation - see the rest of this tip for details...

Default value is 2 4s2 3s4 6/8 3:5 3:5s3:2 3+2+3s2 4/4+7/8

Examples:

4 = 4/4 - a number on its own gives the number of beats per measure.

3s4 = 3/4 with 4 subdivsions - number after the s is the number of subdivisions

3:5 polyrhythm 3:5

3+2+3 = 3/4 + 2/4 + 3/4 additive rhythm

6/8 = time signature 6/8

4/4+7/8 = additive rhythm

er5,8 = Euclidean rhythm with 5 hits for 8 beats

er5,8:3,5 = Euclidean rhythm with 5 hits for 8 beats played polyrhythmically with Euclidean rhythm with 3 hits for 5 beats

(see Automatic Tempo and Rhythm Changes (Ctrl + 245) )

HOWEVER:

You can't mix polyrhythms with the + notation here.

4:3+5 or 4:3+7:5 etc doesn't work, you'll get an error message.

Instead do as separate rhythms 4:3 7:5 - and if you need to repeat that you just need to redo it as many times as necessary, e.g. for measures of that rhythm cycle as

4:3 7:5 4:3 7:5 4:3 7:5 4:3 7:5

CHECK CAREFULLY TO MAKE SURE YOU HAVE NO SPACES IN ANY OF THE RHYTHMS

The space is used as a separator to show where one rhythm ends and the next begins.

So for example, make sure you type 3:5 DONT TYPE 3 :5 (space before the :).

For details of the notations see below.

THE OTHER WINDOWS WITH RHYTHM CYCLES IN THEM

You can also set a rhythm cycle in Rhythm cycles, Morphing Polyrhythms - and fast numerical entry for rhythms (Ctrl + 89) and step through the rhythms of a rhythm cycle with up and down arrows in Tempo Dial - Preferences (Ctrl + 223). You can use different rhythm cycles for each of those windows if you like. However, the notation is the same for them all so you can also copy / paste rhythms between these windows.

There is a bit of a difference "under the hood" - Rhythm cycles, Morphing Polyrhythms - and fast numerical entry for rhythms (Ctrl + 89) uses scripts so is the one to start from if you want to make your own script for a complex piece of music. Also if you use Rhythm cycles, Morphing Polyrhythms - and fast numerical entry for rhythms (Ctrl + 89) then you can show all the rhythms in the cycle across the bottom of the bouncing balls window. On the other hand, Automatic Tempo and Rhythm Changes (Ctrl + 245) lets you set a different tempo for each rhythm, and set how many measures to play each rhythm for, without any need to edit a script.

HOW THE NOTATION WORKS

MAKE SURE YOU HAVE NO WHITE SPACE WITHIN THE RHYTHM NOTATION

Make sure you enter each rhythm without any spaces e.g. 6/8 not "6 / 8" because white space is used as a separator to separate the rhythms in the list.

ORDINARY TIME SIGNATURES=

Just enter the number of beats per measure such as 2 (for 2/4) and 3 (for 3/4). There is no need to add the /4 though it does no harm.

The complete time signature is useful for compound time signatures.

Example: 6/8, 9/8 etc. This will emphasize the extra beats e.g. the middle beat in 6/8.

Also if you want to mix rhythms, like: 2/4 3/16 as in the Stravinsky's Rite of Spring extract.

POLYRHYTHMS

Enter all the numbers of beats to the bar separated by :

Example:2:3:5 for the polyrhythm 2 over 3 over 5.

CYCLES OF POLYRHYTHMS

Additive rhythms which mix polyrhythms won't work here - though they do work with the option to use the Up and Down arrows to cycle through rhythms in Tempo Dial - Preferences (Ctrl + 223).

The difference is that in Tempo Dial - Preferences (Ctrl + 223) you change the rhythm manually. Here you change the rhythm automatically and the rhythm cycles use scripts, and it is tricky to get that automatic rhythm change to work along with the script - so, I thought it best, for now anyway, to just disable the option and show a warning instead.

Example:

2:3+4:3+7:5 = everything after the + is ignored - because it needs a script to play it and you can't play scripted rhythms with this feature.

If you want an additive polyrhythm like that, then do them as separate rhythms. Just leave out the + as e.g.

2:3 4:3 7:5

If you want to repeat a rhythm like that for many bars you need to just copy the rhythm many times yourself

2:3 4:3 7:5 2:3 4:3 7:5 2:3 4:3 7:5 2:3 4:3 7:5

etc

and set the number of measures for each one to 1, or switch off the option to set the number of measures for the rhythms.

(sorry can't think of a simple way around this right now though might be possible in the future - do contact me if you really need this feature and I'll think about it some more - probably can be done one way or another if it is really needed).

SUBDIVISIONS

For time signatures with subdivisions add an 's' after the time signature followed by the desired number of subdivisions

Eamples: 3s4 for 3/4 with four subdivisions.

You can also use the word "sub" in place of 's', like this

3sub4

POLYRHYTHMS WITH SUBDIVISIONS

Same as for ordinary time signatures, add an 's' followed by the desired number of subdivisions. But you can add more than one number of subdivisions, e.g.

3:5s2:3 for 3 over 5 with 2 and 3 subdivisions respetively,

If you prefer, use & for the subdivisions

3:5s2&3

However, you can't at the moment use the s subdivisions notation for the cycles of polyrhythms. Instead for e.g. 3:4+3:2 with two subdivisions of each part you would do as 3:6:4:8+3:6:2:4 i.e. add in the extra parts for each number of subdivisions e.g. add in :6 for two subdivisions of 3

ALL THE NUMBERS HAVE TO BE WHOLE NUMBERS HERE

If you enter a rhythm such as

PI/4

it will be rounded to the nearest whole number and treated as identical to

3/4

Similarly

4subPI is treated as 4sub3

ADDITIVE RHYTHMS (MIXED METERS)

Use a + e.g. 2+3+2 for the additive rhythm 2+3+2/4

COMPARISON OF POLYRHYTHM AND TIME SIGNATURE NOTATIONS

Note that 6/8 is the same as 6:2 I.e. the time signature 6/8 has same effect as playing 6 beats to the bar over 2 beats to the measure.

Play note at start of each cycle on (editable)

Tip - if you set this to a multi instrument such as the "Modern drum set" you will get a different instrument sound each time around the cycle.

You can make your own multi instruments in the window: Multi Instruments Menu (Ctrl + 37)

Verbose descriptions (check box)

Changes the way some of the rhythm description are shown when the rhythm is selected and played...

Verbose version: 3:2 shown as "Polyrhythm 3:2" or 4sub2 shown as "4 / 4 with 2 subdivisions"

Short (succint) version: 3:2 as "3:2" (word Polyrhythm isn't really needed) or 4sub2 as "4 / 4, 2 subs"

The description won't change immediately when you switch this option on or off.

You will see the change next time you play a rhythm or select a rhythm using the rhythm progression, or the up / down arrow to change the rhythm, or any other part of Bounce Metronome which works with rhythm codes.

.

Automatic Tempo and Rhythm Changes (Ctrl + 245)

Tempo or rhythm progressions - e.g. for the different sections of a song, or to set the tempo individually for each measure...

For the tempo progresssions, just switch on the tempo progressions and set the tempo you want for each section or measure.

For the rhythm progressions, enter all the rhythms for your progression using "rhythm codes" such as 4 for 4/4, 2 for 2/4, 3:5 for a 3:5 polyrhythm etc

See the help for the Auto Rhythm Progression text area for details of how the rhythm codes work.

Navigation (bottom of page)

Previous: Set Tempo Dial Range, Tempo Names and Design

Next: Tempi for Beats per Measure
Controls Common to Many Windows

Views
Personal tools
Check out the Astonishing Bounce Metronome Pro

Beginners find the bounce wonderfully easy to work with.

Professional musicians are amazed by its advanced rhythm capabilities

Buy Now

box shot for Bounce Metronome

Or, get your free download
Free 30-day trial
Free taster bounce metronome, yours to keep

Or, find out more:
bouncemetronome.com

(By Robert Walker)