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Tempo Dial (Graphic) - Click to set Tempo or tap with BACKSPACE. Or use ARROW KEYS to alter speed of rhythm...Tempo - Enter Tempo in Beats per Minute (like heart rates)- including decimal values or fractional BPM - or optionally as time for note in seconds...Make into: (drop list) - (no tooltip help yet)dotted (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)dotted (drop list) - (no tooltip help yet)dotted (editable) - (no tooltip help yet)
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Play, Rhythms and Bounce/Tempo/Tempo Dial - Click on button or other control in this image to jump to its tooltip.    

Previous: Tempo Dial - Preferences

Next: Tempo Multiplier and Preset Tempi
Controls Common to Many Windows

Contents

Tempo Dial

Click to set Tempo or tap with BACKSPACE.

Or use ARROW KEYS to alter speed of rhythm...

HOW TO SET THE TEMPO

Click the desired tempo on the dial to set the pointer, or type the desired tempo into the text field. As is usual in music, the tempo is measured in Beats per Minute (like heart rate).

You can also use the arrow keys to change the tempo by one BPM or by one NOTCH, and the BACKSPACE key for tap at tempo.

Also, there's an option to use the arrow keys to change to another rhythm in a sequence of rhythms, or step through a list of tempi etc. Tempo Dial - Preferences (Ctrl + 223)

LEFT, RIGHT, UP AND DOWN ARROW KEYS

You can change the tempo by 1 BPM (beat per minute) with the LEFT or RIGHT keys

You can change the tempo by one tempo dial NOTCH (tick) with the UP or DOWN keys.

BACKSPACE TAP AT TEMPO

Another way to set the tempo is to TAP AT TEMPO several times with the BACKSPACE key on your keyboard or tap on the dial with your mouse right button. The tempo dial adjusts to the tempo of your taps.

You can do this even while Bounce metronome is playing, you don't need to stop the metronome to change the tempo.

NORMAL USE OF BACKSPACE FOR EDITING TEXT

If you click on a text control, to edit numbers, the backspace key will revert to normal use for deleting text

You can use Shift + Backspace for a tempo tap when editing text.

You can configure how the backspace key works in Tempo Dial - Preferences (Ctrl + 223) and can also switch this feature off there if desired.

HOW TO CONFIGURE THE DIAL

You can change the displayed range in BPM, change how often to show the numbers, customise the positions of the ticks for the "notches", change the tempo names and set the range in BPM for each of the tempo names. You can also adjust the colours and design of the dial, and customize it in many other ways.

See the More versions of Tempo Dial - Preferences (Ctrl + 223) for details.

FRACTIONAL BPM

You can type a number in fractional BPM into the text area in the centre of the dial.

You can also adjust the tempo by a FRACTION OF A BPM with the arrow keys. Use:

SHIFT + LEFT or RIGHT arrow to adjust by 0.2 BPM

CONTROL + LEFT or RIGHT arrow to adjust by 0.1 BPM

CONTROL + SHIFT LEFT or RIGHT arrow to adjust by 0.02 BPM.

This works just about everywhere in Bounce metronome - except where the arrow keys are needed for something else. Within text fields, you can still use the arrow keys to adjust the tempo - press any other key first if you want to edit the text instead.

WHAT DO THE NUMBERS MEAN?

If you are new to metronome markings, then it may help to relate these numbers to heart rates, which are also measured in beats per minute.

The resting heartrate of a healthy adult can easily vary from well below 50 to well above 80, depending. Those who exercise a lot tend to have slower heart rates, also older people tend to have faster heart rates.

See the wikipedia entry about Heart Rate. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heart_rate

Your heart might reach a tempo of Allegro during brisk excercise such as running or cycling or the like.

You might have a heart rate of Presto after very heavy exercise or weight lifting.

So this is a rough guide because it is all very variable depending on the person, condition, what type of exercise you do and so on. But it gives some idea to get you started, some idea of what the numbers mean.

Another connection is that a tempo of 60 is 60 beats per minute or one a second, so the tempo of a ticking clock. So, a clock tick is at a Larghetto tempo, corresponding to music with a somewhat slower feel to it.

TYPICAL TEMPO RANGES FOR A MODERN METRONOME

The tempo ranges shown on the dial are typical of modern metronomes.

The tempo ranges used were:

Over 200 Prestissimo

168 to 200 Presto

120 to 168 Allegro

108 to 120 Moderato

76 to 108 Andante

66 to 76 Adagio

60 to 66 Larghetto

40 to 60 Largo

Below 40 Larghissimo

Obviously some users will want to customise this, or add more tempo names, and you can do this in Tempo Dial - Preferences (Ctrl + 223)

To get an idea of typical values, see:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tempo

TEMPO NAMES ARE OFTEN MORE TO DO WITH THE FEEL OF THE MUSIC THAN ANYTHING YOU CAN MEASURE IN BEATS PER MINUTE

This is another page with a list of many examples of tempo indications in BPM for the different tempo markings. It gives an idea of how variable they can be

http://www.dolmetsch.com/musictheory5.htm

Indeed, the tempo names are often more to do with the feel of the music than anything you can measure exactly in beats per minute. So it wouldn't be wrong to play these tempi outside the range given on the metronome, e.g. an Andante below 76, or above 108.

Andante in particular has an association with walking, sometimes translated as "at a walking pace", though if you look at the article, there is more to it than that, anyway the range of tempi for Andante is roughly the same as normal walking tempi, from well over one beat a second to well under two beats a second (beyond that it is more like running).

Here is the interesting article by Charles Rosen on Andante which is quoted in that dolmetsch article:

http://web.archive.org/web/20080429214739/http://www.andante.com/about/rosen.cfm (in wayback machine - original website no longer exists)

Another very variable tempo is Allegro when qualified as e.g. Allegro molto moderato. Though nowadays Allegro is generally understood as meaning fast, it seems the original meaning of Allegro is "joyful, cheerful, lively" see http://www.8notes.com/glossary/Allegro.asp Here is the wikipedia article on the Doctrine of Affections: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Doctrine_of_the_affections and here is an article about Beethoven's use of allegro, ranging from 69 to 216 bpm so well out of the normal Allegro range of 120 to 168 on the tempo dial http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/742558?uid=3738032&uid=2&uid=4&sid=55944825093

In modern music if an exact tempo in beats per minute is required, then normally the desired BPM figure will be written in the score, maybe in addition to a tempo name for a guide to the "feel" of the piece.

ALTERNATIVE WAY TO TAP AT THE TEMPO

If you prefer you can tap at the desired tempo with the BACKSPACE key.

This works throughout Bounce metronome, for nearly all controls.

ABOUT THE PARTS AND THE TEMPI FOR PARTS

Many of the rhythms use several tempi at once. You can see all the tempi listed in the bouncing ball display. The tempo dial is colour coordinated (normally unless set to black and white or some such) to match the colours of the bouncing ball for the same part.

For instance with the preset 6/8 rhythm, you will see three tempi for the measure beats themselves, for the two beats to a measure to emphasize the centre beat - and for six beats to a measure.

If unsure which part plays which layer of the rhythm, select Show Beats in 2D Bounce - Other Visuals (Ctrl + 225) - and then you can read the number of beats for each part in the rows for the Bouncing Balls display.

You can select the Part to adjust the tempo for using Select a Part to adjust field in the main window (Alt + A). It doesn't matter which part you use here - so choose whichever is most convenient.

Then when you set the tempo, the tempi for all the other parts will be updated to match. E.g. in 6/8 if you set the eighth note tempo to 120 BPM say, then the dotted quarter notes will have a tempo of 40 BPM (a third of the tempo because the notes are three times longer)

Tempo Dial (Graphic)

Click to set Tempo or tap with BACKSPACE.

Or use ARROW KEYS to alter speed of rhythm...

HOW TO SET THE TEMPO

Click the desired tempo on the dial to set the pointer, or type the desired tempo into the text field. As is usual in music, the tempo is measured in Beats per Minute (like heart rate).

You can also use the arrow keys to change the tempo by one BPM or by one NOTCH, and the BACKSPACE key for tap at tempo.

Also, there's an option to use the arrow keys to change to another rhythm in a sequence of rhythms, or step through a list of tempi etc. Tempo Dial - Preferences (Ctrl + 223)

LEFT, RIGHT, UP AND DOWN ARROW KEYS

You can change the tempo by 1 BPM (beat per minute) with the LEFT or RIGHT keys

You can change the tempo by one tempo dial NOTCH (tick) with the UP or DOWN keys.

BACKSPACE TAP AT TEMPO

Another way to set the tempo is to TAP AT TEMPO several times with the BACKSPACE key on your keyboard or tap on the dial with your mouse right button. The tempo dial adjusts to the tempo of your taps.

You can do this even while Bounce metronome is playing, you don't need to stop the metronome to change the tempo.

NORMAL USE OF BACKSPACE FOR EDITING TEXT

If you click on a text control, to edit numbers, the backspace key will revert to normal use for deleting text

You can use Shift + Backspace for a tempo tap when editing text.

You can configure how the backspace key works in Tempo Dial - Preferences (Ctrl + 223) and can also switch this feature off there if desired.

HOW TO CONFIGURE THE DIAL

You can change the displayed range in BPM, change how often to show the numbers, customise the positions of the ticks for the "notches", change the tempo names and set the range in BPM for each of the tempo names. You can also adjust the colours and design of the dial, and customize it in many other ways.

See the More versions of Tempo Dial - Preferences (Ctrl + 223) for details.

FRACTIONAL BPM

You can type a number in fractional BPM into the text area in the centre of the dial.

You can also adjust the tempo by a FRACTION OF A BPM with the arrow keys. Use:

SHIFT + LEFT or RIGHT arrow to adjust by 0.2 BPM

CONTROL + LEFT or RIGHT arrow to adjust by 0.1 BPM

CONTROL + SHIFT LEFT or RIGHT arrow to adjust by 0.02 BPM.

This works just about everywhere in Bounce metronome - except where the arrow keys are needed for something else. Within text fields, you can still use the arrow keys to adjust the tempo - press any other key first if you want to edit the text instead.

WHAT DO THE NUMBERS MEAN?

If you are new to metronome markings, then it may help to relate these numbers to heart rates, which are also measured in beats per minute.

The resting heartrate of a healthy adult can easily vary from well below 50 to well above 80, depending. Those who exercise a lot tend to have slower heart rates, also older people tend to have faster heart rates.

See the wikipedia entry about Heart Rate. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heart_rate

Your heart might reach a tempo of Allegro during brisk excercise such as running or cycling or the like.

You might have a heart rate of Presto after very heavy exercise or weight lifting.

So this is a rough guide because it is all very variable depending on the person, condition, what type of exercise you do and so on. But it gives some idea to get you started, some idea of what the numbers mean.

Another connection is that a tempo of 60 is 60 beats per minute or one a second, so the tempo of a ticking clock. So, a clock tick is at a Larghetto tempo, corresponding to music with a somewhat slower feel to it.

TYPICAL TEMPO RANGES FOR A MODERN METRONOME

The tempo ranges shown on the dial are typical of modern metronomes.

The tempo ranges used were:

Over 200 Prestissimo

168 to 200 Presto

120 to 168 Allegro

108 to 120 Moderato

76 to 108 Andante

66 to 76 Adagio

60 to 66 Larghetto

40 to 60 Largo

Below 40 Larghissimo

Obviously some users will want to customise this, or add more tempo names, and you can do this in Tempo Dial - Preferences (Ctrl + 223)

To get an idea of typical values, see:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tempo

TEMPO NAMES ARE OFTEN MORE TO DO WITH THE FEEL OF THE MUSIC THAN ANYTHING YOU CAN MEASURE IN BEATS PER MINUTE

This is another page with a list of many examples of tempo indications in BPM for the different tempo markings. It gives an idea of how variable they can be

http://www.dolmetsch.com/musictheory5.htm

Indeed, the tempo names are often more to do with the feel of the music than anything you can measure exactly in beats per minute. So it wouldn't be wrong to play these tempi outside the range given on the metronome, e.g. an Andante below 76, or above 108.

Andante in particular has an association with walking, sometimes translated as "at a walking pace", though if you look at the article, there is more to it than that, anyway the range of tempi for Andante is roughly the same as normal walking tempi, from well over one beat a second to well under two beats a second (beyond that it is more like running).

Here is the interesting article by Charles Rosen on Andante which is quoted in that dolmetsch article:

http://web.archive.org/web/20080429214739/http://www.andante.com/about/rosen.cfm (in wayback machine - original website no longer exists)

Another very variable tempo is Allegro when qualified as e.g. Allegro molto moderato. Though nowadays Allegro is generally understood as meaning fast, it seems the original meaning of Allegro is "joyful, cheerful, lively" see http://www.8notes.com/glossary/Allegro.asp Here is the wikipedia article on the Doctrine of Affections: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Doctrine_of_the_affections and here is an article about Beethoven's use of allegro, ranging from 69 to 216 bpm so well out of the normal Allegro range of 120 to 168 on the tempo dial http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/742558?uid=3738032&uid=2&uid=4&sid=55944825093

In modern music if an exact tempo in beats per minute is required, then normally the desired BPM figure will be written in the score, maybe in addition to a tempo name for a guide to the "feel" of the piece.

ALTERNATIVE WAY TO TAP AT THE TEMPO

If you prefer you can tap at the desired tempo with the BACKSPACE key.

This works throughout Bounce metronome, for nearly all controls.

ABOUT THE PARTS AND THE TEMPI FOR PARTS

Many of the rhythms use several tempi at once. You can see all the tempi listed in the bouncing ball display. The tempo dial is colour coordinated (normally unless set to black and white or some such) to match the colours of the bouncing ball for the same part.

For instance with the preset 6/8 rhythm, you will see three tempi for the measure beats themselves, for the two beats to a measure to emphasize the centre beat - and for six beats to a measure.

If unsure which part plays which layer of the rhythm, select Show Beats in 2D Bounce - Other Visuals (Ctrl + 225) - and then you can read the number of beats for each part in the rows for the Bouncing Balls display.

You can select the Part to adjust the tempo for using Select a Part to adjust field in the main window (Alt + A). It doesn't matter which part you use here - so choose whichever is most convenient.

Then when you set the tempo, the tempi for all the other parts will be updated to match. E.g. in 6/8 if you set the eighth note tempo to 120 BPM say, then the dotted quarter notes will have a tempo of 40 BPM (a third of the tempo because the notes are three times longer)

Tempo

Enter Tempo in Beats per Minute (like heart rates)- including decimal values or fractional BPM - or optionally as time for note in seconds...

Vary this to play the rhythm faster or slower.

You can use decimals, or ratios like 53/2 or any formula e.g. 3*21 or whatever.

If you want to enter the time for the note instead there's an option to do this in Tempo Dial - Preferences (Ctrl + 223)

CLICK AND DRAG TO ADJUST THE NUMBER

You can also adjust the number here with click and drag. Click on the number and then with the mouse button held down, drag the mouse cursor up out of the text box to increase the number. Drag downwards to decrease the number. If there's a decimal point then you can adjust the numbers either side of the point in the same way, and you can also use Ctrl, Shift or Alt + click / drag to adjust by larger amounts. If it's a formula e.g. 3*21 you can use Ctrl +click to adjust the two numbers independently.

The keyboard shortcut to adjust the number in the same way is Page up or Page down.

TEMPO IN BPM

This normally shows the tempo as beats per minute (BPM) - like heart rates. So for instance 60 is 60 beats a minute, i.e. one beat per second. For more about BPM see the tool tip help for the tempo dial Tempo Dial (Ctrl + 222).

You can show the tempo for any part in the rhythm.

You can see the tempi for all the parts in the rhythm in the bouncing all display in the main Bounce metronome window and in 2D Bounce (Ctrl + 219), also as a text field in the More version of Tempo Dial - Preferences (Ctrl + 223).

You can see the tempo as a tempo dial in the main window or in 2D Bounce (Ctrl + 219).

ABOUT THE PARTS AND THE TEMPI FOR PARTS

Many of the rhythms use several tempi at once. All the tempi are listed at the top of the bouncing ball display.

Example: with the preset 6/8 rhythm, you will see three tempi, for the measure beats, the two beats to a measure (for the centre beat) - and the six beats to a measure.

You can select the part to show on the tempo dial in Tempo Dial - Preferences (Ctrl + 223). Or left or right click on the part number at top left of the dial as a quick way to skip to the next or previous part, also the tempo part is synchronised with the selected part in Beats volumes and times (Ctrl + 76) or Beats As Text (Ctrl + 77).

When you set the tempo for any of the parts, the tempi for all the other parts will be updated to match. E.g. if you set the eighth note tempo to 120 BPM for a 6/7 rhythm, the tempo for the dotted quarter notes automatically updates to 40 BPM (a third of the tempo because the individual notes are three times longer).

Navigation (bottom of page)

Previous: Tempo Dial - Preferences

Next: Tempo Multiplier and Preset Tempi
Controls Common to Many Windows

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