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Tempo dial shows Part: (editable) - Choose the part to show the tempo for in the Tempo Dial and elsewhere in Bounce metronomeTempo dial shows Part: (spin) - Increase or decrease number for the part for the tempo dial and tempo fieldsMain Bar has (editable) - Number of beats per bar in this notation - often set to number of beats in first part - or to 4 for polyrhythms - gets set automaticallyMain Bar has (drop list) - (no tooltip help yet)dotted (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Always show TEMPO FOR (check box) - Shows tempo in the same way for ALL THE PARTS. Preet to ON for DRUM METRONOME and MIXED METERS, otherwise OFF...Always show TEMPO FOR (drop list) - (no tooltip help yet)Part (editable) - (no tooltip help yet)Sync with tempo dial part (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Sync with tempo dial part (drop list) - (no tooltip help yet)dotted (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Show Tempi for ALL OTHER PARTS AS WELL - extra pointers on dial (check box) - Adds extra pointers to the dial for the tempi for all the other parts - this is useful if you want to keep track of the tempi for all the parts at once...Step through list of TEMPI with UP or DOWN ARROWS (check box) - when SELECTED, you use the UP and DOWN ARROWS to go back and forth through the list of tempi, also HOME to go to first in list, END to go to last in list - NOTE THESE KEYBOARD SHORTCUTS MAY BE DISABLED WITHIN MULTILINE TEXT FIELDS...Step through list of TEMPI with UP or DOWN ARROWS (editable) - Enter all the different tempi you want to cycle through with the Up and Down arrowsStep through RHYTHMS with UP or DOWN ARROWS (check box) - When selected, the UP and DOWN, HOME and END keys also change the rhythm as well as the tempo - NOTE THESE KEYBOARD SHORTCUTS MAY BE DISABLED WITHIN MULTILINE TEXT FIELDS...Step through RHYTHMS with UP or DOWN ARROWS (editable) - Enter all the rhythms you want to use with the special rhythm notation - see the rest of this tip for details...Step through RHYTHMS with UP or DOWN ARROWS (editable) - Enter all the rhythms you want to use with the special rhythm notation - see the rest of this tip for details...Set Up Example (button) - The tempi to cycle through in bpm, separated by white spaceTool tip help - F1Organise Windows - F2Fractal Tunes Dialog Star - Tip of the day - Fractal Tunes category - right click for neighbouring windows...PLAY Sound (button) - Click here to Play or Stop Keyboard shortcut: RETURN If out of sync, ADJUST SYNC...Pause (button) - Click here to Pause or ContinueVolume - Set master volume for Bounce Metronome. Part controls etc. also affect the volumeMore » (button) - Shows this window with either more space, more options, or alternative layoutShow more complicated ex. (polyrhythms like 5:3 & mixed meters like 4/4+7/8) (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)AUTO ADJUST these tempi to match current tempo (check box) - Starts at your current tempo - and adjusts all the other tempi to match, e.g. to practise at slower tempi all the way through...Space out these numbers with tabs, to align vertically (check box) - Helps you to see which tempo corresponds to each rhythm code, or number of bars etc...Add tempo strip to main window (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Add TEMPO STRIP to 2D Bounce (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Auto set (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Show as TIME IN SECONDS instead of TEMPO IN BPM (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Okay to show tuplets like 6:5 (check box) - Permits any divisor, e.g. 6:5 for six notes played in the usual time for five notes...BACKSPACE works as TEMPO TAP even after you CLICK TO EDIT A NUMBER (check box) - Lets you tap at desired tempo with BACKSPACE key even in TEXT fields. Shortcut key ALT + BACKSPACE to switch this feature on or off...Must hold down SHIFT in text fields (check box) - When you are working with a text control, you can use Shift + backspace for tempo taps.ARROW KEYS continue to adjust TEMPO ETC even after you CLICK TO EDIT A NUMBER (check box) - Lets you use the left, right up and down arrow keys to adjust the tempo even in TEXT fields. Shortcut key ALT + any ARROW key to switch this feature on or off...Except multiline text (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Must hold down SHIFT in text fields (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)
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Play, Rhythms and Bounce/Tempo/Tempo Dial - Preferences - Click on button or other control in this image to jump to its tooltip.    

Previous: Tempi for Beats per Measure

Next: Tempo Dial
Controls Common to Many Windows

Contents

Screen Shot (More)

Tempo dial shows Part: (editable) - Choose the part to show the tempo for in the Tempo Dial and elsewhere in Bounce metronome...Tempo dial shows Part: (spin) - Increase or decrease number for the part for the tempo dial and tempo fieldsMain Bar has (editable) - Number of beats per bar in this notation - often set to number of beats in first part - or to 4 for polyrhythms - gets set automatically...Main Bar has (drop list) - (no tooltip help yet)dotted (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Auto set (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)For polyrhythms, auto set to (check box) - Default is four crotchets per bar - which often gives the best results When unselected, tempo dial shows tempo for music notation for for part 1...For polyrhythms, auto set to (editable) - For the polyyrhythmic notation auto set - number of notes per bar - DEFAULT IS 4 - often works well o set this to a power of 2 like 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, ...For polyrhythms, auto set to (drop list) - For the polyyrhythmic notation auto set - type of note - DEFAULT IS CROTCHETdotted (check box) - For the polyyrhythmic notation auto set - type of note - whether it is dotted or not, default is NOT DOTTEDShow tuplets as 6:5 etc (permits any divisor for the notation) (check box) - Permits any divisor, e.g. 6:5 for six notes played in the usual time for five notes...Also inverted, e.g. 5:7 (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Also double dotted tuplets (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Also PI, g, e, ... (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Show first number only for standard tuplets (check box) - Shows triplets with just a plain 3 instead of 3:2, quintuplets with 5 instead of 5:4, duplets in the time of three notes as 2 instead of 2:3 and so on.Favour dotted tuplets (check box) - Default is SELECTED: for rhythms with dotted notes inside tuplets - when this is unselected then it will show, for instance, a quintuplet dotted quaver as a 5:3 undotted quaver....Show as TIME IN SECONDS instead of TEMPO IN BPM (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Always show TEMPO FOR (check box) - Shows tempo in the same way for ALL THE PARTS. Preet to ON for DRUM METRONOME and MIXED METERS, otherwise OFF...Show note for part tempo if it differs (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Show note for part tempo if it differs (drop list) - (no tooltip help yet)Part (editable) - (no tooltip help yet)Sync with tempo dial part (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Sync with tempo dial part (drop list) - (no tooltip help yet)dotted (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Show extra pointers for (drop list) - (no tooltip help yet)Show Tempi for OTHER PARTS AS WELL (check box) - Adds extra pointers to the dial for the tempi for all the other parts - this is useful if you want to keep track of the tempi for all the parts at once...Label with (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Label with (drop list) - (no tooltip help yet)Custom Label (editable) - Set your own label style for the extra pointers. Default is %P:%B:%T there the %P gets replaced by the part number, the %B gets replaced by the Beats per Bar and %T gets replaced by the tempo...Show decimal part for tempi (check box) - For display tempi - on the Bounce Display and for the extra tempi on the tempo dial for Tempo Dial - Preferences (Ctrl + 223)Use part colours for extra pointers (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Also colour main dial pointer (colour for part shown on the dial) (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Add tempo strip to 2D Bounce (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Add tempo strip to 3D Bounce (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Add tempo strip to main window (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Show tempo dial in 3D Bounce (check box) - Shows the tempo dial. There's a bare bones tempo dial option in 3D Bounce - 3D Visuals (Ctrl + 226) if you prefer thatPlay sound for tempo tap (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)BACKSPACE works as TEMPO TAP after CLICK TO EDIT A NUMBER (check box) - Lets you tap at desired tempo with BACKSPACE key even in TEXT fields. Shortcut key ALT + BACKSPACE to switch this feature on or off...ARROW KEYS continue to adjust TEMPO ETC after CLICK TO EDIT A NUMBER (check box) - Lets you use the left, right up and down arrow keys to adjust the tempo even in TEXT fields. Shortcut key ALT + any ARROW key to switch this feature on or off...Except multiline edit (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Show switch off hint in tool tip (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Auto switch off for text editing (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Step through list of TEMPI with UP or DOWN ARROWS (check box) - when SELECTED, you use the UP and DOWN ARROWS to go back and forth through the list of tempi, also HOME to go to first in list, END to go to last in list - NOTE THESE KEYBOARD SHORTCUTS MAY BE DISABLED WITHIN MULTILINE TEXT FIELDS...Step through list of TEMPI with UP or DOWN ARROWS (editable) - Enter all the different tempi you want to cycle through with the Up and Down arrows...AUTO ADJUST these tempi to match current tempo (check box) - Starts at your current tempo - and adjusts all the other tempi to match, e.g. to practise at slower tempi all the way through...AUTO ADJUST these tempi to match current tempo (editable) - (no tooltip help yet)space out to align vertically (check box) - Helps you to see which tempo corresponds to each rhythm code, or number of bars etc...space out to align vertically (editable) - (no tooltip help yet)Step through RHYTHMS with UP or DOWN ARROWS (check box) - When selected, the UP and DOWN, HOME and END keys also change the rhythm as well as the tempo - NOTE THESE KEYBOARD SHORTCUTS MAY BE DISABLED WITHIN MULTILINE TEXT FIELDS...Step through RHYTHMS with UP or DOWN ARROWS (editable) - Enter all the rhythms you want to use with the special rhythm notation - see the rest of this tip for details...Show more complicated example (polyrhythms like 5:3 & mixed meters like 4/4+7/8) (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Set Up Example (button) - The tempi to cycle through in bpm, separated by white spaceOr TAP AT TEMPO here - Tap here to set the tempo to the tempo of your tapsOr TAP AT TEMPO here (editable) - (no tooltip help yet)Show keyboard shorcuts tips (check box) - Shows tips for keyboard shortcuts such as the Return key to stop and start the rhythmShow tempo tips (check box) - Tip for any of the tempo change shortcuts such as the arrow keys, backspace, etc...Verbose tips (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Show part in tips (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Show switch off hints in tempo tips (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Show tempo tap tool tips (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Show tempo tap tool tips (editable) - Enter all the rhythms you want to use with the special rhythm notation - see the rest of this tip for details...Tool tip help - F1Organise Windows - F2Fractal Tunes Dialog Star - Tip of the day - Fractal Tunes category - right click for neighbouring windows...PLAY Sound (button) - Click here to Play or Stop Keyboard shortcut: RETURN If out of sync, ADJUST SYNC...Pause (button) - Click here to Pause or ContinueVolume - Set master volume for Bounce Metronome. Part controls etc. also affect the volume...Less « (button) - Shows this window with either less space, less options, or alternative layoutMust hold down SHIFT (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Verbose descriptions (check box) - Changes the way some of the rhythm description are shown when the rhythm is selected and played...Treat ratios as time signatures (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)SWITCH OFF step through for auto tempo & rhythm step through (check box) - Switches off the two options to step through the list of tempi and rhythms with up an down arrows here, when you switch on the option to use up and down arrows to step through the tempo and rhythms in Automatic Tempo and Rhythm Changes (Ctrl + 245) Default is unselected, just shows IGNORED here when both options are switched on...Note multiplier(s) (editable) - Rarely needed option. Default is to leave this blank. Changes the DISPLAYED NOTES ONLY for tempo dial and bounce, e.g 2 to show quavers as crotchets, or 1/2 to show crotchets as quavers etc - also lets you show notes differently for each part...Auto switch off for text editing (check box) - (no tooltip help yet)Must hold down SHIFT (check box) - When you are working with a text control, you can use Shift + backspace for tempo taps.
About this image
Play, Rhythms and Bounce/Tempo/Tempo Dial - Preferences - Click on button or other control in this image to jump to its tooltip.    


This is what you get in the More version of this window (you use the More button to show it).

Tempo Dial - Preferences

Various Tempo Dial Options including UP and DOWN ARROWS Step through LIST OF TEMPI AND RHYTHMS, also configure what to show the tempo for

For the UP / DOWN arrow keys normally they adjust the tempo up and down by one notch, but you can also set them to cycle through a preset list of tempi and time signatures...

Also go here to configure whether to play sound for the tap for tempo and other tempo options - see More version of the window for more options

PROGRAMMABLE - CYCLE THROUGH A LIST OF TEMPI AND TIME SIGNATURES

This option lets you use the UP or DOWN ARROWS to cycle through the tempi and time signatures. It's especially useful if you have several pieces you want to practise in the same session, and want a quick way to step through the time signatures and tempi for each one.

You can switch this option on, and configure it, in Tempo Dial - Preferences (Ctrl + 223).

Tempo dial shows Part: (editable) (Alt + A)

Choose the part to show the tempo for in the Tempo Dial and elsewhere in Bounce metronome...

This also changes the selection of which part to edit in Beats volumes and times (Ctrl + 76) and which part is highlighted in the main window (they are all synchronised together).

Each part may have a different tempo as the tempo depends on the number of beats to the bar for each part.

EXAMPLE

If the rhythm is 6/8, and the tempo for the quavers is 60 then the tempo for the dotted crotchets (two to a measure) is 20 and the tempo for the bar beat is 10.

So the tempo dial will show 60, 20 or 10 depending on which part you show it for.

The tempo dial is colour coded. The colour corresponds to the colour of the bouncing ball also to the colour for the parts row in the blocks display below the bouncing balls.

For an overview of all the parts, go to Show All Parts (Ctrl + 9). You may want to switch on "Show beats for parts" (same window) to help you see which part is which - if it isn't switched on already.

Tempo dial shows Part: (spin) (Alt + A)

Increase or decrease number for the part for the tempo dial and tempo fields

Main Bar has (editable)

Number of beats per bar in this notation - often set to number of beats in first part - or to 4 for polyrhythms - gets set automatically...

HOW TO USE

Select the desired type of note in the drop list e.g. crotchets or quavers. Then enter how many of them there are in a bar.

Gets set automatically whenever you change the rhythm.

For most rhythms best choice is the number of beats in the first part counted as crotchets or quavers.

For the Drum & Dance or Flamenco metronomes, then you can use same notation you use to enter the notes.

BEST CHOICE FOR POLYRHYTHMS IS USUALLY 4

For polyrhythms then 4 works well here (or 8 or some power of 2).

Then you get an unadorned crotchet (or whatever it is) for any parts with 4 beats per bar, and for other numbers of beats per bar, you get the note shown in n-tuplet notation.

That way all the rhythms in a polyrhythm can be shown with exact note sizes. Best way to do the polyrhythms at present.

If you use other methods, e.g. the number of beats per bar in the first part - then the other parts in a polyrhythm will show approximate note sizes in square brackets.

For polyrhythms, auto set to (check box)

Default is four crotchets per bar - which often gives the best results

When unselected, tempo dial shows tempo for music notation for for part 1...

This sets how to notate the parts when combined polyrhythmically, for the bouncing balls display and the tempo dial.

So for instance if one part has five crotchets, and the other has seven crotchets - and you stretch both to fit the same bar size - what are you going to show on the tempo dial, and how do you show the bouncing balls notes?.

This is a bit of a puzzle, since when the parts have different lengths as musical notation, there is no choice that will be perfect for both parts. .

Often it works best to set it to show 4 crotchets to a bar. That way if you combine, e.g. 7/4 with 5/4, it will show the 5/4 notes as quintulets and the 7/4 notes as septulets.

If you unselect this option, then it sets the tempo dial to show the music notation for the first part. That may work out okay sometimes, for instance if the first part already has 2, 4 or 8 crotchets to a bar.

But if we take our example of a first part with 7 crotchets, and second part with 5 crotchets, the first part will look fine, but second part will be notated in 5:7 tuplets which many will be unfamiliar with.

Then, if you unselect the option to show tuplets such as 5:7, the second part simply can't be notated at all - the crotchets, quavers etc will be shown in brackets as approximate only.

SUITABLE CHOICES HERE

The simplest apporach is to select this option, set it to crotchets (say), and then set the number of those in a bar to 1, 2, 4, 8, 16 or some other power of 2, and use undotted note types.

With that selection, you can always notate any ordinary rhythm using simple tuplets when you combine them polyrhythmically. It will still not work perfectly if you combine tuplet rhythms polyrhmically, but it is probably the best default.

In some special situations you might want to either unselect this option, or set the values here by hand.

Most users won't need to change the settings here. The default of 4 crotchets to a bar is likely to be fine for most users.

For polyrhythms, auto set to (editable)

For the polyyrhythmic notation auto set - number of notes per bar - DEFAULT IS 4 - often works well o set this to a power of 2 like 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, ...

For polyrhythms, auto set to (drop list)

For the polyyrhythmic notation auto set - type of note - DEFAULT IS CROTCHET

dotted (check box)

For the polyyrhythmic notation auto set - type of note - whether it is dotted or not, default is NOT DOTTED

Show tuplets as 6:5 etc (permits any divisor for the notation) (check box)

Permits any divisor, e.g. 6:5 for six notes played in the usual time for five notes...

Also shows the divisor for the n-tuplet notation e.g. 3:2 for a triplet, or 5:4 for a quintuplet, though you can switch that off optionally in the More several times versions of Tempo Dial - Preferences (Ctrl + 223) and Dance rhythms - or any other rhythms with skipped beats (Ctrl + 228)

This may make it a little easier to read the more complex polyrhythm notations.

To take an example, normal triplets increase the tempo of the notes over the duration of the triplet by a ratio of 3/2. Normally the divisor 2 here is omitted and the number is just shown as a 3. But if you want to show the divisor you can notate a triplet as 3:2.

To take another example, a quintuplet increases the tempo of the bracketted notes by 5/4, and so similarly can be notated as 5:4.

So, in an n-tuplet, if no divisor is shown, it's understood to be the largest power of two below the number n for the n-tuplet.

Sometimes though you want a divisor which isn't a power of two, e.g. 6 notes in the space of 5. That can be notated if you show the divisor, as 6:5.

See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tuplet to find out more about this notation.

WHAT HAPPENS IN DETAIL

When this option is selected, then the divisor is always shown (even if it is a power of 2 and so normally omitted).

Divisors which aren't a power of two are also permitted, even divisors that require a decimal point too such as 1:1.618... etc.

Show first number only for standard tuplets (check box)

Shows triplets with just a plain 3 instead of 3:2, quintuplets with 5 instead of 5:4, duplets in the time of three notes as 2 instead of 2:3 and so on.

Favour dotted tuplets (check box)

Default is SELECTED: for rhythms with dotted notes inside tuplets - when this is unselected then it will show, for instance, a quintuplet dotted quaver as a 5:3 undotted quaver....

Did it as an option because you might want to see them in that format sometimes.

Always show TEMPO FOR (check box)

Shows tempo in the same way for ALL THE PARTS. Preet to ON for DRUM METRONOME and MIXED METERS, otherwise OFF...

When this option is switched OFF, the tempo dial shows a different tempo for each part depending on the number of notes per bar played.

When this option is ON, the dial shows the same tempo for all the parts, e.g. always shows the tempo for crotchets.

So for instance you can use this to display the tempo as crotchets even when none of the parts actually play crotchets as such.

This is sometimes a useful thing to do:

PRESET TO ON FOR DRUM & DANCE, FLAMENCO, AND MIXED METERS

More useful for those metronomes. Not so useful for polyrhythms and ordinary metronome type rhythms.

For instance with the drum metronome, the rhythm uses smallest notes in the rhythm, e.g. semiquavers, and uses skips to make up larger beat sizes such as crotchets and quavers.

With this option switched off you will see the tempo for semiquavers (say). It is rare that you will want this - more often you want the tempo for crotchets.

So this is particularly useful for the complex drum and dance rhythms or mixed meters which make extensive use of skips - and so is preset to switched ON for those metronomes.

PRESET TO OFF FOR MOST RHYTHMS

This option can be confusing for some rhythms, or it may be better switched off.

E.g. if the polyrhythm has 5 beats to a bar in one part and 3 in another. These are preset to show 4 crotchets per bar - even when none of the parts actually plays crotchets in 4/4 time - to make the note symbols easy to read e.g. quintuplet type notation for the 5 beats to a bar polyrhythm.

So this is switched off for polyrhythms.

Also for time signature only type rhythms, then you often are interested to see the tempo for each of the parts.

E.g. in 6/8 it is good to have the choice, to show the tempo for the quavers or for the dotted crotchets as desired just by selecting the part of interest to show in the tempo dial.

So it is switched OFF for time signature only type rhythms

Show Tempi for OTHER PARTS AS WELL (check box)

Adds extra pointers to the dial for the tempi for all the other parts - this is useful if you want to keep track of the tempi for all the parts at once...

In the More (twice) version of Tempo Dial - Preferences (Ctrl + 223) you can choose whether to show these extra pointers for silenced and for hidden parts. Preset is to show them for all the parts.

The width and length of the pointers is configured in the More (twice) version of Set Tempo Dial Range, Tempo Names and Design (Ctrl + 252)

Custom Label (editable)

Set your own label style for the extra pointers. Default is %P:%B:%T there the %P gets replaced by the part number, the %B gets replaced by the Beats per Bar and %T gets replaced by the tempo...

You can enter anything you like here and it will be shown on the dial exactly as you enter it with any %P, %B or %T replaced by the part number, beats per bar, or tempo as appropriate.

Show decimal part for tempi (check box)

For display tempi - on the Bounce Display and for the extra tempi on the tempo dial for Tempo Dial - Preferences (Ctrl + 223)

Show tempo dial in 3D Bounce (check box)

Shows the tempo dial. There's a bare bones tempo dial option in 3D Bounce - 3D Visuals (Ctrl + 226) if you prefer that

BACKSPACE works as TEMPO TAP after CLICK TO EDIT A NUMBER (check box)

Lets you tap at desired tempo with BACKSPACE key even in TEXT fields. Shortcut key ALT + BACKSPACE to switch this feature on or off...

WHY BACKSPACE?

The BACKSPACE key was chosen because it is usually a large key, often the third largest key on the keyboard after space bar and return key - so easy to tap e.g. while practicing an instrument.

SHOULD I SWITCH THIS ON OR OFF?

If you leave it on, then it will probably cause no problems. If it does, you can switch this feature on or off at any time with ALT + BACKSPACE.

When switched on, normal use of BACKSPACE for editing will be disabled. However this is less of an annoyance than you'd think as you can still use backspace if you press any other key first.

For instance, you can press the Ctrl key - and release. After that then backspace will work normally until you shift to antothehr control

If you press any other key temporarily, this re-enables backspace for that particular TEXT field until you navigate away from it.

When switched off permanently, you can no longer tap at tempo with the BACKSPACE key if the keyboard focus is set to a text area (e.g. if you see the text caret flashing). But you can still tap at the tempo with the BACKSPACE key when the keyboard focus is set to other types of control, e.g. a check box, or button etc.

COMPROMIZE - YOU NEED TO PRESS THE SHIFT KEY FIRST

I've added this as a new option and the new default.

The way this works is - that you use backspace for normal editing. But if you hold down Shift + Backspace - then that acts as a tempo tap key.

ARROW KEYS continue to adjust TEMPO ETC after CLICK TO EDIT A NUMBER (check box)

Lets you use the left, right up and down arrow keys to adjust the tempo even in TEXT fields. Shortcut key ALT + any ARROW key to switch this feature on or off...

When switched on, normal use of the ARROW keys for moving the cursor within the text is disabled.

However you can still use the arrow keys if you press any other key first - pressing any other key temporarily re-enables arrow keys for that edit field until you navigate away from it.

When switched off permanently, you can still use the arrow keys to adjust the tempo when the keyboard focus is set to other types of control, e.g. a check box, or button etc.

Step through list of TEMPI with UP or DOWN ARROWS (check box) (Alt + T)

when SELECTED, you use the UP and DOWN ARROWS to go back and forth through the list of tempi, also HOME to go to first in list, END to go to last in list - NOTE THESE KEYBOARD SHORTCUTS MAY BE DISABLED WITHIN MULTILINE TEXT FIELDS...

If you want the arrow keys to work in multiline text fields, switch on the option in Tempo Dial - Preferences (Ctrl + 223) "ARROW KEYS adjust tempo etc. even when you use TEXT FIELDS".

They can work in single line text fields whatever your setting since you don't normally use up and down arrow keys in that context.

when UNSELECTED, then the Up / Down arrow key changes the tempo by one notch on the tempo dial

When you use this option - note that your list of tempi is used always for the tempo of the main beat in the rhythm, no matter what you have the tempo dial set to show.

Step through list of TEMPI with UP or DOWN ARROWS (editable) (Alt + T)

Enter all the different tempi you want to cycle through with the Up and Down arrows...

These tempi are normally used for the tempo dial part, whichever it is, so could be used for the main beat of the rhythm, subdivisions, bar beat etc. depending on what the tempo dial shows.

FOR UP / DOWN ARROW KEY ALSO CHANGES TIME SIGNATURE

If you have it set to change the time signatures as well, then the tempi here are used for the tempo of the main beat in the new time signature (or first main beat for polyrhythms).

E.g. for 3:2 i.e. 3/4 with 2 subdivisions the tempi here are used for the 3 beats per bar, not the subdivisions or the bar beat.

WHAT HAPPENS IF THERE ARE MORE TEMPI THAN TIME SIGNATURES OR VICE VERSA

If there are more tempi than time signatures, then the last time signature in the list is repeated as needed.

If you have more time signatures than tempi the last tempo is repeated as needed until the end of the list of time signatures is reached.

AUTO ADJUST these tempi to match current tempo (check box) (Alt + J)

Starts at your current tempo - and adjusts all the other tempi to match, e.g. to practise at slower tempi all the way through...

So for example if the tempi listed are

60 40 70

and the current tempo is 30

will actually play

30 20 35

so rescales all the tempi accordingly.

This option could be useful if you want to go through them all more slowly for your practise session. Or indeed to go through them all at a faster tempo.

AUTO ADJUST these tempi to match current tempo (editable) (Alt + J)

space out to align vertically (check box)

Helps you to see which tempo corresponds to each rhythm code, or number of bars etc...

This inserts tabs before all the numbers. Spaces them out with identical spacings, which makes it easier to line them up with each other to see which tempo corresponds to which rhythm code and so on.

Step through RHYTHMS with UP or DOWN ARROWS (check box) (Alt + R)

When selected, the UP and DOWN, HOME and END keys also change the rhythm as well as the tempo - NOTE THESE KEYBOARD SHORTCUTS MAY BE DISABLED WITHIN MULTILINE TEXT FIELDS...

If you want the arrow keys to work in multiline text fields, switch on the option in Tempo Dial - Preferences (Ctrl + 223) "ARROW KEYS adjust tempo etc. even when you use TEXT FIELDS".

They can work in single line text fields whatever your setting since you don't normally use up and down arrow keys in that context.

Step through RHYTHMS with UP or DOWN ARROWS (editable) (Alt + R)

Enter all the rhythms you want to use with the special rhythm notation - see the rest of this tip for details...

Examples:

4 = 4/4 - a number on its own gives the number of beats per bar.

3s4 = 3/4 with 4 subdivsions - number after the s is the number of subdivisions

3:5 = polyrhythm 3:5

3::5 = polymeter 3/4 with 5/4, the double colon :: makes it as a polymeter instead of a polyrhythm, all the beats the same size, bars differ.

3+2+3 = 3/4 + 2/4 + 3/4 additive rhythm

6/8 = time signature 6/8

4/4+7/8 = additive rhythm

er5,8 = Euclidean rhythm with 5 hits for 8 beats

er5,8:3,5 = Euclidean rhythm with 5 hits for 8 beats played polyrhythmically with Euclidean rhythm with 3 hits for 5 beats

(see Automatic Tempo and Rhythm Changes (Ctrl + 245) )

MAKE SURE YOU HAVE NO SPACES IN ANY OF THE RHYTHMS

- the space is used as a separator to show where one rhythm ends and the next begins.

So for example, make sure you type 3:5 DONT TYPE 3 :5 (space before the :).

For details of the notations see below.

THE OTHER WINDOWS WITH RHYTHM CYCLES IN THEM

You can also set a rhythm cycle in Rhythm cycles, Morphing Polyrhythms - and fast numerical entry for rhythms (Ctrl + 89) or a tempo or rhythm progression in Automatic Tempo and Rhythm Changes (Ctrl + 245). You can use different rhythm cycles for each of those windows if you like. However, the notation is the same for them all so you can also copy / paste rhythms between these windows.

There is a bit of a difference "under the hood" - Rhythm cycles, Morphing Polyrhythms - and fast numerical entry for rhythms (Ctrl + 89) uses scripts so is the one to start from if you want to make your own script for a complex piece of music. Also if you use Rhythm cycles, Morphing Polyrhythms - and fast numerical entry for rhythms (Ctrl + 89) then you can show all the rhythms in the cycle across the bottom of the bouncing balls window. On the other hand, Automatic Tempo and Rhythm Changes (Ctrl + 245) lets you set a different tempo for each rhythm, and set how many bars to play each rhythm for, without any need to edit a script.

MAKE SURE YOU HAVE NO WHITE SPACE WITHIN THE RHYTHM NOTATION

Make sure you enter each rhythm without any spaces e.g. 6/8 not "6 / 8" because white space is used as a separator to separate the rhythms in the list.

ORDINARY TIME SIGNATURES=

Just enter the number of beats per bar such as 2 (for 2/4) and 3 (for 3/4). There is no need to add the /4 though it does no harm.

The complete time signature is useful for compound time signatures.

Esample: 6/8, 9/8 etc. This will emphasize the extra beats e.g. the middle beat in 6/8.

POLYRHYTHMS

Enter all the numbers of beats to the bar separated by :

Example:2:3:5 for the polyrhythm 2 over 3 over 5.

CYCLES OF POLYRHYTHMS

You can do these as e.g.

2:3+4:3+:7:5

To repeat each bar use e.g.:

2:3+4:3+:7:5measures3

(still all one word with no spaces)

to repeat each bar three times (you can use the word bars instead of bars if you prefer)

SUBDIVISIONS

For time signatures with subdivisions add an 's' after the time signature followed by the desired number of subdivisions

Eamples: 3s4 for 3/4 with four subdivisions.

POLYRHYTHMS WITH SUBDIVISIONS

Same as for ordinary time signatures, add an 's' followed by the desired number of subdivisions. But you can add more than one number of subdivisions, e.g.

3:5s2:3 for 3 over 5 with 2 and 3 subdivisions respetively,

If you prefer, use & for the subdivisions

3:5s2&3

However, you can't at the moment use the s subdivisions notation for the cycles of polyrhythms. Instead for e.g. 3:4+3:2 with two subdivisions of each part you would do as 3:6:4:8+3:6:2:4 i.e. add in the extra parts for each number of subdivisions e.g. add in :6 for two subdivisions of 3

ADDITIVE RHYTHMS (MIXED METERS)

Use a + e.g. 2+3+2 for the additive rhythm 2+3+2/4

COMPARISON OF POLYRHYTHM AND TIME SIGNATURE NOTATIONS

Note that 6/8 adds an extra part to emphasize the middle beat, like the rhythm 6:2 in polyrhythm notation, so playing 6 beats to the bar along with 2 beats to the bar.

Show more complicated example (polyrhythms like 5:3 & mixed meters like 4/4+7/8) (check box) (Alt + X)

Set Up Example (button)

The tempi to cycle through in bpm, separated by white space

Or TAP AT TEMPO here

Tap here to set the tempo to the tempo of your taps

Show keyboard shorcuts tips (check box)

Shows tips for keyboard shortcuts such as the Return key to stop and start the rhythm

Show tempo tips (check box)

Tip for any of the tempo change shortcuts such as the arrow keys, backspace, etc...

What this does exactly is configured in the More (several times) version of Tempo Dial - Preferences (Ctrl + 223)

Show tempo tap tool tips (editable)

Enter all the rhythms you want to use with the special rhythm notation - see the rest of this tip for details...

Examples:

4 = 4/4 - a number on its own gives the number of beats per bar.

3s4 = 3/4 with 4 subdivsions - number after the s is the number of subdivisions

3:5 = polyrhythm 3:5

3::5 = polymeter 3/4 with 5/4, the double colon :: makes it as a polymeter instead of a polyrhythm, all the beats the same size, bars differ.

3+2+3 = 3/4 + 2/4 + 3/4 additive rhythm

6/8 = time signature 6/8

4/4+7/8 = additive rhythm

er5,8 = Euclidean rhythm with 5 hits for 8 beats

er5,8:3,5 = Euclidean rhythm with 5 hits for 8 beats played polyrhythmically with Euclidean rhythm with 3 hits for 5 beats

(see Automatic Tempo and Rhythm Changes (Ctrl + 245) )

MAKE SURE YOU HAVE NO SPACES IN ANY OF THE RHYTHMS

- the space is used as a separator to show where one rhythm ends and the next begins.

So for example, make sure you type 3:5 DONT TYPE 3 :5 (space before the :).

For details of the notations see below.

THE OTHER WINDOWS WHICH YOU CAN USE THIS NOTATION FOR

You can also set a rhythm cycle in Rhythm cycles, Morphing Polyrhythms - and fast numerical entry for rhythms (Ctrl + 89) or a tempo or rhythm progression in Automatic Tempo and Rhythm Changes (Ctrl + 245). You can use different rhythm cycles for each of those windows if you like. However, the notation is the same for them all so you can also copy / paste rhythms between these windows.

There is a bit of a difference "under the hood" - Rhythm cycles, Morphing Polyrhythms - and fast numerical entry for rhythms (Ctrl + 89) uses scripts so is the one to start from if you want to make your own script for a complex piece of music. Also if you use Rhythm cycles, Morphing Polyrhythms - and fast numerical entry for rhythms (Ctrl + 89) then you can show all the rhythms in the cycle across the bottom of the bouncing balls window. On the other hand, Automatic Tempo and Rhythm Changes (Ctrl + 245) lets you set a different tempo for each rhythm, and set how many bars to play each rhythm for, without any need to edit a script.

You can also use the "Make rhythm from TEXT" button in w272 to make one rhythm (can be additive) using this same notation, and you can use the "Rhythm from title && store" button in w264 similarly.

MAKE SURE YOU HAVE NO WHITE SPACE WITHIN THE RHYTHM NOTATION

Make sure you enter each rhythm without any spaces e.g. 6/8 not "6 / 8" because white space is used as a separator to separate the rhythms in the list.

ORDINARY TIME SIGNATURES=

Just enter the number of beats per bar such as 2 (for 2/4) and 3 (for 3/4). There is no need to add the /4 though it does no harm.

The complete time signature is useful for compound time signatures.

Esample: 6/8, 9/8 etc. This will emphasize the extra beats e.g. the middle beat in 6/8.

POLYRHYTHMS

Enter all the numbers of beats to the bar separated by :

Example:2:3:5 for the polyrhythm 2 over 3 over 5.

POLYMETERS

Similar to polyrhythms, but use double colons ::

Example: 3::4 for polymetric 3/4 and 4/4 played simultaneously with same beat size in each part, and differing bar sizes.

CYCLES OF POLYRHYTHMS

You can do these as e.g.

2:3+4:3+:7:5

To repeat each bar use e.g.:

2:3+4:3+:7:5measures3

(still all one word with no spaces)

to repeat each bar three times (you can use the word bars instead of bars if you prefer)

SUBDIVISIONS

For time signatures with subdivisions add an 's' after the time signature followed by the desired number of subdivisions

Eamples: 3s4 for 3/4 with four subdivisions.

You can also use the word "sub" in place of 's', like this

3sub4

or 3/4sub4

POLYRHYTHMS WITH SUBDIVISIONS

Same as for ordinary time signatures, add an 's' followed by the desired number of subdivisions. But you can add more than one number of subdivisions, e.g.

3:5s2:3 for 3 over 5 with 2 and 3 subdivisions respetively,

If you prefer, use & for the subdivisions

3:5s2&3

However, you can't at the moment use the s subdivisions notation for the cycles of polyrhythms. Instead for e.g. 3:4+3:2 with two subdivisions of each part you would do as 3:6:4:8+3:6:2:4 i.e. add in the extra parts for each number of subdivisions e.g. add in :6 for two subdivisions of 3

ADDITIVE RHYTHMS (MIXED METERS)

Use a + e.g. 2+3+2 for the additive rhythm 2+3+2/4

COMPARISON OF POLYRHYTHM AND TIME SIGNATURE NOTATIONS

Note that 6/8 is the same as 6:2 I.e. the time signature 6/8 has same effect as playing 6 beats to the bar over 2 beats to the bar.

RHYTHMS LIKE PI/4

You can enter a rhythm such as PI/4 or 4subPI to create polytempi. These don't get rounded to the nearest whole number here (as they do in Automatic Tempo and Rhythm Changes (Ctrl + 245).

However if you change to one of those rhythms while the tune or metronome is playing, then it will automatically restart. This restart may be relatively seamless, so you might not notice it, or it may be glitchy.

Verbose descriptions (check box)

Changes the way some of the rhythm description are shown when the rhythm is selected and played...

Verbose version: 3:2 shown as "Polyrhythm 3:2" or 4sub2 shown as "4 / 4 with 2 subdivisions"

Short (succint) version: 3:2 as "3:2" (word Polyrhythm isn't really needed) or 4sub2 as "4 / 4, 2 subs"

The description won't change immediately when you switch this option on or off.

You will see the change next time you play a rhythm or select a rhythm using the rhythm progression, or the up / down arrow to change the rhythm, or any other part of Bounce Metronome which works with rhythm codes.

.

SWITCH OFF step through for auto tempo & rhythm step through (check box)

Switches off the two options to step through the list of tempi and rhythms with up an down arrows here, when you switch on the option to use up and down arrows to step through the tempo and rhythms in Automatic Tempo and Rhythm Changes (Ctrl + 245)

Default is unselected, just shows IGNORED here when both options are switched on...

This is to do with the two ways of using the arrow keys to step through a list of rhythms or tempi. They can step through the lists in Bouncing Balls - Visuals - Controls, Text and layout (Ctrl + 233) or they can step through the lists in Automatic Tempo and Rhythm Changes (Ctrl + 245) but not both at once.

Default is that you can switch both these options on, but if you do so - then the one in Bouncing Balls - Visuals - Controls, Text and layout (Ctrl + 233) is ignored.

You'll get a message here:

"IGNORED because Up & Down Arrows step through auto tempo & rhythm (Ctrl + 245)"

- it just says IGNORED but leaves the check boxes switched on

That can only happen if you switch the option on here, and then also switch it on in Automatic Tempo and Rhythm Changes (Ctrl + 245). The other way around if you switch it on in Automatic Tempo and Rhythm Changes (Ctrl + 245) first then switch on the option here, the option in Automatic Tempo and Rhythm Changes (Ctrl + 245) will get automatically switched off.

So - the advantage of that is that when you unselect the arrow keys in Automatic Tempo and Rhythm Changes (Ctrl + 245) or switch off the simpler auto tempo and rhythm changes altogether the arrow keys will work with the lists in Bouncing Balls - Visuals - Controls, Text and layout (Ctrl + 233) once more. Don't need to keep switching the options here back on again.

But alternatively you might prefer to just switch off the arrow keys option here permanently whenever you switch the arrow keys option on in Automatic Tempo and Rhythm Changes (Ctrl + 245).

If so, you can use this check box to do that.

Note multiplier(s) (editable)

Rarely needed option. Default is to leave this blank.

Changes the DISPLAYED NOTES ONLY for tempo dial and bounce, e.g 2 to show quavers as crotchets, or 1/2 to show crotchets as quavers etc - also lets you show notes differently for each part...

This can be set in Tempo Dial - Preferences (Ctrl + 223) or Dance rhythms - or any other rhythms with skipped beats (Ctrl + 228) - and may be useful particularly for music notation rhythms in Dance rhythms - or any other rhythms with skipped beats (Ctrl + 228).

It is a purely visual change, makes no difference to how the notes are played. If you want to change the actual timing of the notes for each part, investigate the VaryTempoBy or VaryNotesBy option for the music notation rhythm in Dance rhythms - or any other rhythms with skipped beats (Ctrl + 228) (see the tool tip help for "Edit selected rhythm here")

HOW IT WORKS

You can enter any value as decimal or a fraction e.g. 2, 1/2, 4/3, 1.01 etc.

Changes the way the notes are displayed in the Bounce windows and the tempo dial.

Example set this to 2 to double the note values. So for instance, all crotchets get shown as minims, all quavers as crotchets, all semiquavers as quavers etc.

You can also enter a different value for each part - just enter the number for each part in order, separated by spaces, e.g.

2 4 1

multiplies the notes in the first part by 2, the notes in the second part by 4, and leaves the notes in the third part unchanged.

QUINTUPLETS EXAMPLE

This is a way of doing quintuplets without using the quintuplets music notation.

Example, to play the second part as quintuplets in Dance rhythms - or any other rhythms with skipped beats (Ctrl + 228), edit the rhythm to add VaryNoteBy 4/5 at the end of the second part, and then you can edit this extra note multiplier to read 1 4/5 so the notation matches the rhythm.

HOW TO RESET TO THE DEFAULT

If you want to reset to the default, enter 0 here, or erase the text.

HOW THIS RELATES TO THE AUTO SET NOTE MULTIPLIER

There's another option to change the displayed notes in Dance rhythms - or any other rhythms with skipped beats (Ctrl + 228) which is needed for some of the rhythms you can make and is auto set. If both numbers are set, then they are multiplied together.

So for instance, if the auto set number is 3 and this one is set to 2 then each note is multiplied six (2*3) times. In that example, a note that would normally be displayed as a semiquaver gets displayed as a dotted crotchet.

Must hold down SHIFT (check box)

When you are working with a text control, you can use Shift + backspace for tempo taps.

Navigation (bottom of page)

Previous: Tempi for Beats per Measure

Next: Tempo Dial
Controls Common to Many Windows

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(By Robert Walker)