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Help:Magic words

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Magic words are strings of text that MediaWiki associates with a return value or function, such as time, site details, or page names. This page is about usage of standard magic words; for a technical reference, see Manual:Magic words.


General notes

Behaviour switches

A behaviour switch controls the layout of the page. They are written as a magic word wrapped with double underscores.

Word Description Versions
Table of contents
__NOTOC__ Hides the table of contents (TOC).
__FORCETOC__ Forces the table of content to appear at its normal position (above the first header).
__TOC__ Places a table of contents at the word's current position (overriding __NOTOC__). If this is used multiple times, the table of contents will appear at the first word's position.
__NOEDITSECTION__ Hides the section edit links beside headings.
__NEWSECTIONLINK__ Adds a link (("+" by default) beside the "edit" tab for adding a new section on a non-talk page (see m:Help:Section#Adding a section at the end). 1.7+
__NOGALLERY__ Used on a category page, replaces thumbnails in the category view with normal links. 1.7+
__HIDDENCAT__ Used on a category page, hides the category from the lists of categories in its members and parent categories (there is an option in the user preferences to show them). 1.13+
Language conversion
On wikis with language variants, don't perform any content language conversion (character and phase) in article display; for example, only show Chinese (zh) instead of variants like zh_cn, zh_tw, zh_sg, or zh_hk.
On wikis with language variants, don't perform language conversion on the title (all other content is converted).
__END__ Explicitly marks the end of the article, to prevent MediaWiki from removing trailing whitespace. Removed in 19213.
__START__ No effect.


The syntax of variables is similar to templates, but capitalized to help avoid conflicts. If a template has the same name and case as a variable, the variable will be used. Usage of the template can be forced by adding the "msg:" modifier (for example, "{{msg:CURRENTYEAR}}"). In some cases, adding parameters will force the parser to treat a variable as a template; for example, {{CURRENTDAYNAME|x}} tries to transclude "Template:CURRENTDAYNAME".

Date & time

The following variables return the current date and time according to the user's timezone preferences, defaulting to the UTC timezone.

Due to MediaWiki and browser caching, these variables frequently show when the page was cached rather than the current time.

Variable Output Description Versions
{{CURRENTYEAR}} 2017 Year
{{CURRENTMONTH}} 10 Month (zero-padded number)
{{CURRENTMONTHNAME}} October Month (name)
{{CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN}} October Month (genitive form)
{{CURRENTMONTHABBREV}} Oct Month (abbreviation) 1.5+
{{CURRENTDAY}} 23 Day of the month (unpadded number)
{{CURRENTDAY2}} 23 Day of the month (zero-padded number) 1.6+
{{CURRENTDOW}} 1 Day of the week (unpadded number)
{{CURRENTDAYNAME}} Monday Day of the week (name)
{{CURRENTTIME}} 00:49 Time (24-hour HH:mm format)
{{CURRENTHOUR}} 00 Hour (24-hour zero-padded number)
{{CURRENTWEEK}} 43 Week (number)
{{CURRENTTIMESTAMP}} 20171023004907 ISO 8601 time stamp 1.7+

The following variables do the same as the above, but using the site's local timezone instead of user preferences and UTC:

Technical metadata

Revision variables return data about the latest edit to the current page, even if viewing an older version of the page.

Variable Output Description Versions
{{SITENAME}} Tune Smithy The wiki's site name ($wgSitename).
{{CURRENTVERSION}} 1.16.1 The wiki's MediaWiki version. 1.7+
{{CONTENTLANGUAGE}} en The wiki's default interface language ($wgLanguageCode)
Latest revision to current page
{{REVISIONID}} 37 Unique ID
{{REVISIONDAY}} 3 Day edit was made (unpadded number)
{{REVISIONDAY2}} 03 Day edit was made (zero-padded number)
{{REVISIONMONTH}} 7 Month edit was made (unpadded number)
{{REVISIONYEAR}} 2008 Year edit was made
{{REVISIONTIMESTAMP}} 20080703092102 Timestamp as of time of edit


Numbers returned by these variables contain number separators, but can return raw numbers with the ":R" flag (for example, {{NUMBEROFPAGES}} = 1,327 and {{NUMBEROFPAGES:R}} = 1327). Use "|R" for magic words that require a parameter like PAGESINCATEGORY (for example {{PAGESINCATEGORY:Help}} and {{PAGESINCATEGORY:Help|R}}).

Variable Output Description Versions
Entire wiki
{{NUMBEROFPAGES}} 1,327 Number of wiki pages. 1.7+
{{NUMBEROFARTICLES}} 331 Number of pages in main namespace.
{{NUMBEROFFILES}} 487 Number of uploaded files. 1.5+
{{NUMBEROFEDITS}} 40,650 Number of page edits. 1.10+
{{NUMBEROFUSERS}} 12 Number of registered users. 1.7+
{{NUMBEROFADMINS}} 1 Number of users in in the sysop group. 1.7+
Per namespace
{{PAGESINNS:2}} Template:PAGESINNS:2 Number of pages in the given namespace (replace 2 with the relevant namespace ID). Disabled by default, enable with $wgAllowSlowParserFunctions. 1.7+
{{PAGESINCATEGORY:Help}} 29 Number of pages in the given category (replace "Help" with the relevant category name). 1.13+
{{PAGESINCAT:Help}} 29 Alias for {{PAGESINCATEGORY}}. 1.13+
{{PAGESIZE:Help:Magic_words}} Returns the byte size of the specified page. 1.13+

URL data


Variable Output Description Versions
{{SERVER}} domain URL ($wgServer)
{{SERVERNAME}} domain name ($wgServerName)
{{SCRIPTPATH}} /wiki relative script path ($wgScriptPath)
{{localurl:page name}}
{{localurl:page name|query string}}
/wiki/index.php?title=Page_name&query string
relative path to title
{{fullurl:page name}}
{{fullurl:page name|query_string}}
absolute path to title
{{filepath:file name}}
{{filepath:file name|nowiki}}

absolute path to image or media file (nowiki parameter currenty buggy) r25854

Page names

Variable Output Description Versions
{{FULLPAGENAME}} Help:Magic words Namespace and page title.
{{PAGENAME}} Magic words Page title.
{{BASEPAGENAME}} Magic words Page title excluding the current subpage and namespace ("Title" on "Title/foo"). 1.7+
{{SUBPAGENAME}} Magic words The subpage title ("foo" on "Title/foo"). 1.6+
{{SUBJECTPAGENAME}} Help:Magic words The namespace and title of the associated content page. 1.7+
{{TALKPAGENAME}} Help talk:Magic words The namespace and title of the associated talk page. 1.7+

The following are URL-encoded equivalents:


Variable Output Description Versions
{{NAMESPACE}} Help Namespace (name)
{{SUBJECTSPACE}} Help Name of the associated content namespace
{{TALKSPACE}} Help talk Name of the associated talk namespace

The following are URL-encoded equivalents:

{{ns:}} returns the localized namespace name for that number of constant. The default values are:

Usage Output
{{ns:-2}} or {{ns:Media}} Media
{{ns:-1}} or {{ns:Special}} Special
{{ns:1}} or {{ns:Talk}} Talk
{{ns:2}} or {{ns:User}} User
{{ns:3}} or {{ns:User_talk}} User talk
{{ns:4}} or {{ns:Project}} Tune Smithy
{{ns:5}} or {{ns:Project_talk}} Tune Smithy talk
{{ns:6}} or {{ns:Image}} File
{{ns:7}} or {{ns:Image_talk}} File talk
{{ns:8}} or {{ns:MediaWiki}} MediaWiki
{{ns:9}} or {{ns:MediaWiki_talk}} MediaWiki talk
{{ns:10}} or {{ns:Template}} Template
{{ns:11}} or {{ns:Template_talk}} Template talk
{{ns:12}} or {{ns:Help}} Help
{{ns:13}} or {{ns:Help_talk}} Help talk
{{ns:14}} or {{ns:Category}} Category
{{ns:15}} or {{ns:Category_talk}} Category talk
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