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Window 104

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Scale and Arpeggio as text

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Scale and Arpeggio as text

Scale and Arpeggio as text

Enter Scale and arpeggio as text - with plenty of space for large scales

Notation...

Set the notation such as cents, ratios etc used for display of all scale values...

Also has various options to configure how other numbers (volumes etc) are displayed in Tune Smithy.

Notation...

Description to display for this scale or save to the SCALA scl file...

The description can also start with MAKE SCALE to make special scales...

See Scale Notations#Special notations

You can also use #chord as the description to make a scale that matches the chord, examples:

  1. chord c7 will make

400.0 700.0 1000.0 2/1

and

  1. chord ch7 will make

5/4 3/2 7/4 2/1

For details see Microtonal chords

' (apostrophe) Play scale

Play the scale - for options control + click, or click on quavers button

' (apostrophe) Play scale

The scale intervals from the 1/1 in any of the recognised notations....

Change how these are shown from File | Scale Notation and Number Options (Ctrl + 18)

You can show them as ratios or cents, or in Hertz, also a special equal temperament notation: ex. 4//19 for the fourth scale step in nineteen equal, and various other options.

These notations can also be used to enter any of the values yourself. You don't need to enter them in the same notation in which the scale is displayed. For instance to enter a scale in Hertz do it as e.g.:

220 Hz 440 Hz 660 Hz 880 Hz

where you need to include the word Hz like that after each number to tell FTS that the numbers are in hertz.

Or you can put a z at the start of the line to specify that all the numbers are in Hertz:

z 300 350 450 600

There are many other options you can use here too, E.g. to make a geometric scale, sine warped scale, ... For details see Scale Notations

You can edit the scale here, or via Bs | Scale, or Bs | Scale & Arp. as Text

You can paste a SCALA scale into this field. It doesn't matter if the notes are on separate lines - the program will put them all on a single line for you for use in the main window. Also comment lines are ignored.

You can save the scale you make here from the menu Scale & Arp | Save Scale As... and get back to it from Open Scale in the same drop menu. When the scale is saved, the values are automatically converted to ratios or cents, if you have it set to one of the other more exotic notations in FTS.

You may find the Tune Smithy calculator handy when constructing new scales. You get to that from File | Calculator (Ctrl + 81)

1/1

Select this to show the 1/1 at the start of the scale...

The SCALA convention is to leave out the 1/1. It will get played automatically and any scale is assumed to start at the 1/1. If you want a scale that starts at another pitch rather than the 1/1, for instance for the Thai seven tone modes, do it as an arpeggio and miss out degree 0.

Occasionally one may want to start the scale with repeating 1/1s. Since that is unusual, normally any repeats of the 1/1 at the start of the scale get ignored when you choose to hide the 1/1.

To make sure that they repeat with the 1/1 hidden, put an at sign (@) before the first one that repeats.

Steps

Shows the scale intervals as steps from each note to the next...

When unselected, shows the intervals from the 1/1

In SCALA...

Launch SCALA with the current scale for FTS.

It launches SCALA with the scale from FTS already loaded - this is the scale shown in Scales Drop List (Ctrl + 110) or Template:Ww104 etc..

It also shows the scale in SCALA.

This is the output for the pygmie scale

Pygmie scale

 0:          1/1               0.000 unison, perfect prime
 1:          8/7             231.174 septimal whole tone
 2:         21/16            470.781 narrow fourth
 3:          3/2             701.955 perfect fifth
 4:          7/4             968.826 harmonic seventh
 5:          2/1            1200.000 octave

The third column can show various things. The preset for this button is to set it to show cents. If you want to change this, edit the SCALA .cmd file using the Edit button in Make scales drop lists from Folders, & Opts for FTS <-> SCALA (Ctrl + 88). See the tool tip help for that button for more details.

Now that you have the scale in SCALA, you can use any SCALA command - see the SCALA help for details. I will just mention a couple often used by FTS users. (NB while exploring SCALA, be sure to explore some of the fun midi instruments in SCALA in its Analyse menu :-)).

For instance, try SHOW INTERVALS to show all intervals between pairs of notes in the scale.

As a shortcut you only need to type SH I (first few letters of each word)

This is the result:

Interval class, Number of incidences, Size:

 1:  3  8/7               231.174 cents  septimal whole tone
 1:  1  147/128           239.607 cents
 1:  1  7/6               266.871 cents  septimal minor third
 2:  1  64/49             462.348 cents
 2:  2  21/16             470.781 cents  narrow fourth

2: 2 4/3 498.045 cents perfect fourth

 3:  2  3/2               701.955 cents  perfect fifth
 3:  2  32/21             729.219 cents  wide fifth
 3:  1  49/32             737.652 cents
 4:  1  12/7              933.129 cents  septimal major sixth
 4:  1  256/147           960.393 cents
 4:  3  7/4               968.826 cents  harmonic seventh

The interval class is the number of notes that make up the interval.

You can copy / paste information from the SCALA output window to the clipboard in the usual way. You can also log all output from SCALA to a text file using SCALA | File | Save Window Text to... - then use File | Close text file when finished.

To show the intervals ordered according to size rather than interval class, use the /TOTAL switch:

SHOW /TOTAL INTERVALS

Maybe now you wonder where some of these intervals are located in the scale. You use SHOW LOCATIONS for this.:

Let's find out where the other perfect fifth is:

SHOW LOCATIONS 3/2

Locations of 3/2:

3: 0 - 3
3: 1 - 4  diff. -35.697
3: 2 - 5  diff. -27.264
3: 3 - 6  diff. -27.264
3: 4 - 7

Total of 5 ...

(various details about the search)

It's found the two exact ones, and also the three approximate ones.

0 - 3 means the 3/2 is between degrees 0 and 3, i.e. the first and fouth notes of the scale. So this is the obvious one, from the first note of the scale up to 3/2.

Where is the other one? It's between the fourth and the seventh degrees, but the scale only has five notes. So, this interval straddles the octave division. In fact, it's between 7/4 and 21/8.

You can play your scale in Scala from Analyse | Chromatic Clavier, and play using the mouse, or using letter keys, with various options - see the SCALA help for details.

In FTS, you can play it from the PC Keyboard using PC Keyboard Player (Ctrl + 112) or Template:W113

You can see what the degree is because it gets shown on the keyboard as you play, and also the ratio.

In the same way, we can now look for any other intervals in this scale which interest us, the septimal minor third say:

Septimal minor third:

Locations of 7/6:

1: 0 - 1  diff.  35.697
1: 1 - 2  diff.  27.264
1: 2 - 3  diff.  35.697
1: 3 - 4
1: 4 - 5  diff.  35.697

Total of 5...

And so on...

>> History

Click here to show recently visited files of this type...

Alternatively, Ctrl + right click on button, text field or drop list

Keyboard shortcut Ctrl + F10.

The menu includes a Current Folder option to explore the folder for the most recent file.

Show 0

Show the 0 of the arpeggio

If you choose to hide the 0, and then want an arpeggio that starts on some scale degree other than 0, then put the nubmer in square brackets - see the pelog arpeggios lists for examples.

Steps

Select this to show the arpeggio as steps from each note to the next...

When unselected, you show the arpeggio as scale degrees, with 0 for the 1/1 of the scale.

So for instance in twelve tone scales with the initial 0 shown, the pentatonic arpeggio is

0 2 4 7 9 12

as scale degrees, or

0 2 2 3 2 3

as steps.

You can show / hide the initial 0 there from the More version of the main window.

# (number) Play Arpeggio

Plays the arpeggio - for options control + click, or click on quavers button

/ Add scale to drop list

Adds the new scale to the list below the highlighted scale

= Replace scale in drop list

Replaces the highlighted scale in the list

- Remove scale from drop list

Remove the highlighted scale in the list

# Add as link to scales drop list

Make a link to a new list of scales...

You enter the name for the new list in the description field. Then place the desired fiile name to use for the new list in the place where the numbers normally go. You can leave the scale entries field blank to use the description as the file name.

The current main window scale is set as the preset scale for the list when it is opened. So make sure the current scale is a suitable one for the list when you first make it.

Then click this button to start your new list of scales.

To edit your new list, highlight the entry, and use the Follow button to navigate to your new list, then edit it in the usual way.

To link to an existing scales drop list just enter the description, and the file name (if different) and use Add as link.

a add arpeggio to drop list

Adds the new arpeggio to the list below the highlight

r Replace arpeggio in drop list

Replaces the highlighted arpeggio

v Remove arpeggio from drop list

Remove the highlighted arpeggio

n Add as link to arpeggios drop list

Make a link to a new list of arpeggios...

You enter the name for the new list in the description field. Then place the desired fiile name to use for the new list in the place where the numbers normally go. You can leave the numbers field blank to use the description as the file name.

The current main window scale is set as the preset scale for the list when it is opened. So make sure the current scale is a suitable one for the list when you first make it.

Then click this button to start your new list of arpeggios.

To edit your new list, highlight the entry, and use the Follow button to navigate to your new list, then edit it in the usual way.

To link to an existing arpeggios drop list just enter the description, and the file name (if different) and use Add as link.

Less <<

Shows this window with either less space, less options, or alternative layout

Save As...

Save as Scale (SCALA format)

Open Scale...

Open Scale (SCALA format)

Drop list...

Show a list of scales to select from - and edit the list....

The scale consists of the pitches to use for your tunes, usually as intervals in cents or ratios from a beginning pitch called the 1/1. See the help for the Scale field for more information.

You can use this to choose another scale. If the main window has a drop list of scales already, then this window is a copy of it shown in the form of a list rather than a drop list, It also has extra buttons to configure it.

Drop list...

Show a list of arpeggios to select from - and edit the list....

The arpeggio is a selection of entries from a scale. For instance if you have a twelve tone scale, the arpeggio could be a major scale, pentatonic scale, dominant seventh, major, minor chord etc. The notes can be in any order. However, in most cases it is easiest to use an arpeggio with the notes in ascending order.

You can use this to choose another arpeggio or edit the arpeggio. If the main window has a drop list of arpeggios already, then this window is a copy of it shown as a list rather than a drop list. It also has extra buttons to configure it.

Match Arpeggios drop list to current scale

Select to synchronise arpeggio lists with scales - for scales marked (Arp...)

If a scale doesn't end with (arp...) then it has no arpeggios list associated and uses the short list with Follow scale and a few figuration like arpeggios of interest in fracta ltunes.

Scale Only as Text...

Just the scale as text - so with even more space available to edit large scales

Help = F1

Click for help for this window. Or F1. Other opts: Shift , Alt, Ctrl + click...

F1 or click shows the help for the current window in your web browser.

Some windows may have no help yet in which case the help icon is shown crossed out with a red line.

Shift + F1 or Shift + Click brings up the tool tips extra help window (this window) to show any extra help for a tool tip.

You can tell if a tool tip has extra help if it ends ... like this one.

Ctrl + F1 or Ctrl + click takes you to the list of keyboard shortcuts for Tune Smithy.

Alt + F1 or Alt + click (alternatively Caps lock physically held down + F1 or Click) takes you to the on-line page at the robertinventor.com web site about the current main window task - which gives a short introduction to it for newbies to the program. If there is no on-line page specific to a task, takes you to the main tune smithy page on the web site.

Since the help for Tune Smithy is currently a bit out of date and needs to be redone completely for the new 3.0 release, then you may find the on-line page for some of the newer tasks particularly useful.

Organise Windows = F2

Reset, or Save settings for this window. RIGHT CLICK for all windows menu...

Shows the Organise windows window - which you can use to reset all the parameters for the current window.

You can also use it to save the settings for just this window, or open previously saved parameters for just this window.

Also has a drop list of all the windows and their shortcuts, and related options - some to do with the menu listing, and some to do with window resizing and minimising.

Scales Dialog Star

Tip of the day - Scales category - right click for neighbouring windows...

Left click for a tip of the day in this category.

Right click to see a menu of neighbouring windows.

The neighbours are the ones you most often move to after this one or within a minute of this one, arranged by popularity.

So as you continue to use FTS, it will learn your habits, and the neighbouring windows listed here, should be the ones you most often visit after this one.

Neighbours, and Previous - Up - Next

Help For Tool Tip - Shift + F1 (Ctrl + 141)

Scales Drop List (Ctrl + 110)

Select a Task (Ctrl + 213)

Scale Notation and Number Options (Ctrl + 18)

N.B. This list of neighbours may change when these pages are updated.

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