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Tutorials: How to convert Midi to Wav

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(How to record to Vista or Windows 7 if that is the motivation)
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WORK IN PROGRESS - will add more and step through with images etc.
WORK IN PROGRESS - will add more and step through with images etc.
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==Benefits of Midi to Wav==
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===Motivation===
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* You can get a digitally exact recording that way - as it doesn't  have to go through the soundcard first.
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* There is absolutely no noise
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* If the recording requires a lot of polyphony, no problem as the conversion just takes as long as it takes.
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* Works on Vista or Windows 7 even on computers that are unable to record to WAV at the same time as they play.
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This is particularly useful if you have Vista or Windows 7 since many modern computers are unable to record to WAV at the same time as they play. So FTS can't record directly to .WAV currently (I may be able to add this later on).
 
==Alternative method - digitally exact recordings in Vista or Windows 7==
==Alternative method - digitally exact recordings in Vista or Windows 7==
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Some programs for Vista or Windows 7 can record the digital data on its way to the soundcard in which case the resulting recording is digitally exact and clean.
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Some software is able to record the digital data on its way to the soundcard in which case the resulting recording is digitally exact and clean just like a normal Midi to Wav conversion (so long as your computer is fast enough to play the music in real time).
This method works even if your computer is normally unable to record "What u hear" as it uses a different method to get the recording.
This method works even if your computer is normally unable to record "What u hear" as it uses a different method to get the recording.
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For the {{w196}}, FTS has a special feature to let you record the digital audio before it sends it to your computer - see [[Tutorials:How to echo to WAV in the Wave Shape Player]]
For the {{w196}}, FTS has a special feature to let you record the digital audio before it sends it to your computer - see [[Tutorials:How to echo to WAV in the Wave Shape Player]]
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==Advantages of Midi 2 Wav==
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==ITunes Method==
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The midi to wav also has the advantage that it is unaffected by any glitches in your computer, such as excessive demands on the CPU, as the conversion can take as long as it needs to.  
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This is an easy way to do it and free.
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Also adds no background hiss or noise to the clip at all, but that's less of an issue as even low end modern soundcards are pretty near to silent these days. Also digitally exact - if you record through your soundcard then the digital gets converted to an audio and then back to digital - but if you use the methods of recording of the sound on its way to the soundcard via extra driver, that's digitally exact as well.
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You can get ITunes here if you don't have it yet:
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==WinAmp method==
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[http://users.lmi.net/bblackie/music/winamp/midi2wav.html  Do it using WinAmp] Uses the DirectSound synth, same sounds as the Microsoft GS Wavetable synth.
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[http://www.apple.com/uk/itunes/ iTunes]
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NEED TO TEST THIS
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Then in ITunes go to the Edit menu and click on "Preferences". Select the "General tab". Go down and click on "Import Settings". Then on "Import Using", choose "WAV Encoder". Then save your your settings by clicking "OK".
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Now you need to show the midi files in ITunes. You can drag and drop them into iTunes  - or an easier method if they are all in one folder is to go to File in iTunes and select Add Folder to Library. For individual files you can also use File | Add to Library.
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===Free===
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Then again in iTunes, right click on the file you want to convert to WAV and select Create WAV version.
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The WAV file is created using the instruments for the QuickTime midi engine which is reasonable quality.
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==Audacity method==
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You can find your output file if you scroll down to Recently Added in the Playlists list. You can then drag and drop to get it back to the same folder as the original .avi for the merge.
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[http://www.wikihow.com/Make-an-MP3-or-WAV-out-of-a-MIDI-Using-Audacity How to do it with Audacity]
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===Free solution. Uses the Quicktime instruments, which are reasonable quality. But can't handle any other sound sets===
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NEED TO TEST THIS
 
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===Free===
 
==Roland GS==
==Roland GS==
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===Low cost, easy to use, adds GS midi instruments to your computer===
===Low cost, easy to use, adds GS midi instruments to your computer===
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==How to do Midi to WAV in ITunes==
 
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You can get ITunes here if you don't have it yet:
 
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[http://www.apple.com/uk/itunes/ iTunes]
 
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Then in ITunes go to the Edit menu and click on "Preferences". Select the "General tab". Go down and click on "Import Settings". Then on "Import Using", choose "WAV Encoder". Then save your your settings by clicking "OK".
 
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-
Now you need to show the midi files in ITunes. You can drag and drop them into iTunes  - or an easier method if they are all in one folder is to go to File in iTunes and select Add Folder to Library. For individual files you can also use File | Add to Library.
 
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-
Then again in iTunes, right click on the file you want to convert to WAV and select Create WAV version.
 
-
 
-
The WAV file is created using the instruments for the QuickTime midi engine which is reasonable quality.
 
-
 
-
You can find your output file if you scroll down to Recently Added in the Playlists list. You can then drag and drop to get it back to the same folder as the original .avi for the merge.
 
-
 
-
===Free solution. Uses the Quicktime instruments, which are reasonable quality but can't use anything else===
 
==SynthFont==
==SynthFont==
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==Export to audio from your DAW, Ableton, Sonar, Kontakt etc.===
==Export to audio from your DAW, Ableton, Sonar, Kontakt etc.===
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Most DAWs and similar programs nowadas offer export of midi to wav.
Most DAWs and similar programs nowadas offer export of midi to wav.
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However if you don't have the program, the cost may be higher than you expect, and there may be an initial learning curve. May not be the best method if you don't need a DAW (Digital Audio Work station) and just want to convert some midi files to .WAV.
However if you don't have the program, the cost may be higher than you expect, and there may be an initial learning curve. May not be the best method if you don't need a DAW (Digital Audio Work station) and just want to convert some midi files to .WAV.
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NEED TO TEST THIS
NEED TO TEST THIS
===If you have one of these programs already then this is a good solution===
===If you have one of these programs already then this is a good solution===
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==Export from the Garritan Personal Orchestra Aria Player==
==Export from the Garritan Personal Orchestra Aria Player==
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===Should be high quality sounds. Have to pay for the sounds but worth the cost==
===Should be high quality sounds. Have to pay for the sounds but worth the cost==
 +
==WinAmp method==
 +
 +
[http://users.lmi.net/bblackie/music/winamp/midi2wav.html  Do it using WinAmp] Uses the DirectSound synth, same sounds as the Microsoft GS Wavetable synth.
 +
 +
NEED TO TEST THIS
 +
 +
 +
===Free===
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 +
 +
==Audacity method==
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 +
[http://www.wikihow.com/Make-an-MP3-or-WAV-out-of-a-MIDI-Using-Audacity How to do it with Audacity]
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NEED TO TEST THIS
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===Free===
==Some other ways to do it==
==Some other ways to do it==
[http://www.indezine.com/products/sound/mid2wav.html Some other ways to do it] Includes Timidity which works similarly to SynthFont.
[http://www.indezine.com/products/sound/mid2wav.html Some other ways to do it] Includes Timidity which works similarly to SynthFont.
ugh.
ugh.

Revision as of 00:43, 2 February 2011

WORK IN PROGRESS - will add more and step through with images etc.

Contents

Benefits of Midi to Wav

Alternative method - digitally exact recordings in Vista or Windows 7

Some software is able to record the digital data on its way to the soundcard in which case the resulting recording is digitally exact and clean just like a normal Midi to Wav conversion (so long as your computer is fast enough to play the music in real time).

This method works even if your computer is normally unable to record "What u hear" as it uses a different method to get the recording.

See How to record to Wav and Mp4 in Vista or Windows 7

Alternative method for the Wave Shape Instruments of FTS

For the Wave Shape Player Instruments (Ctrl + 196), FTS has a special feature to let you record the digital audio before it sends it to your computer - see Tutorials:How to echo to WAV in the Wave Shape Player

ITunes Method

This is an easy way to do it and free.

You can get ITunes here if you don't have it yet:

iTunes

Then in ITunes go to the Edit menu and click on "Preferences". Select the "General tab". Go down and click on "Import Settings". Then on "Import Using", choose "WAV Encoder". Then save your your settings by clicking "OK".

Now you need to show the midi files in ITunes. You can drag and drop them into iTunes - or an easier method if they are all in one folder is to go to File in iTunes and select Add Folder to Library. For individual files you can also use File | Add to Library.

Then again in iTunes, right click on the file you want to convert to WAV and select Create WAV version.

The WAV file is created using the instruments for the QuickTime midi engine which is reasonable quality.

You can find your output file if you scroll down to Recently Added in the Playlists list. You can then drag and drop to get it back to the same folder as the original .avi for the merge.

Free solution. Uses the Quicktime instruments, which are reasonable quality. But can't handle any other sound sets

Roland GS

Roland GS Easy to use, restricted to it's own sound set. Low cost, not free, adds the Roland GS to your Out menu - which also gives you some extra instruments as it is a GS set. Not sure if it works with Vista / Windows 7 though.

Low cost, easy to use, adds GS midi instruments to your computer

SynthFont

SynthFont - You can load any soundfont into the program and use it to convert the midi to wav.

Free Solution. Can use any soundfont, and also gig files so can be excellent quality

Export to audio from your DAW, Ableton, Sonar, Kontakt etc.=

Most DAWs and similar programs nowadas offer export of midi to wav.

However if you don't have the program, the cost may be higher than you expect, and there may be an initial learning curve. May not be the best method if you don't need a DAW (Digital Audio Work station) and just want to convert some midi files to .WAV.

NEED TO TEST THIS

If you have one of these programs already then this is a good solution

Export from the Garritan Personal Orchestra Aria Player

Great sound set. So should work well - especially if you want natural sounding instruments.

Aria player for GPO supports export to WAV NEED TO TEST THIS

=Should be high quality sounds. Have to pay for the sounds but worth the cost

WinAmp method

Do it using WinAmp Uses the DirectSound synth, same sounds as the Microsoft GS Wavetable synth.

NEED TO TEST THIS


Free

Audacity method

How to do it with Audacity


NEED TO TEST THIS


Free

Some other ways to do it

Some other ways to do it Includes Timidity which works similarly to SynthFont. ugh.

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