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Find SCALA & make all the SCALA related files

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Find SCALA & make all the SCALA related files

Intro

You can use this window to set FTS up to work with SCALA and vice versa.

You can make a drop list of all the scales in the SCALA archive, and also drop lists of Arpeggios for all the modes in the SCALA modes list. These drop lists give you a way to access these scales and modes quickly in FTS (with kind permission from Manuel Op de Coul).

You also need to tell FTS where the SCALA program is, and tell SCALA where FTS is. This lets you move any scale from FTS into SCALA to work with it in SCALA, and vice versa.

For details, see How to set up FTS to work together with SCALA.

How to show this window

Ctrl + 16 or from Scale and Explorations (Ctrl + 17) or from the SCALA drop list in the scales menu.

How to use this window

First, visit the download page and download and install SCALA - see the tip for that button for more info about that.

Then browse to find the location of SCALA on your computer, usually C:\Program Files\Scala22\scala.exe

Then download and unzip the SCALA scales and browseto find them using Browse for SCALA scales

Then click the button to Make all the SCALA related files.

Now you should find the SCALA scales in a big drop list available from the More Scales list (available from the scales Reset menu or you get to it from the main window scales list by following the links at the end). You can find the SCALA modes lists in the same place.

You will also be able to launch FTS from SCALA using File | @smithy in SCALA, all set up with your current SCALA scale.

To configure how FTS starts up from SCALA, run Update Smithy.cmd only, or for techy users, change the smithy.cmd files in Make scales drop lists from Folders, & Opts for FTS <-> SCALA (Ctrl + 88)

Visit SCALA download page...

Get the Scala program here...

http://www.xs4all.nl/~huygensf/scala/downloads.html

(or click on the button to visit this page).

Following the instructions, you need to install the GTK+ runtime environment from http://gimp-win.sourceforge.net/old.html I found that SCALA also seems to need some extra dlls that get installed with Gimp such as intl.dll so installed Gimp as well.

Then I find you also may need to REBOOT before SCALA can find the dlls in the GIMP folder. If you get error messages try that first before you try anything else.

Make all the SCALA related files...

shows the file names as they are made

(or: Update Smithy.cmd only)

Updates it to launch the current version of Tune Smithy...

This is useful if you have several versions of FTS, or the same version installed in several different folders. You can click this button to change which one gets launched from SCALA when you use the @smithy command in SCALA. It will update it to launch the version you are running when you click the button.

Show current scale in SCALA

Launch SCALA with the current scale for FTS.

It launches SCALA with the scale from FTS already loaded - this is the scale shown in Scales Drop List (Ctrl + 110) or Template:Ww104 etc..

It also shows the scale in SCALA.

This is the output for the pygmie scale

Pygmie scale

 0:          1/1               0.000 unison, perfect prime
 1:          8/7             231.174 septimal whole tone
 2:         21/16            470.781 narrow fourth
 3:          3/2             701.955 perfect fifth
 4:          7/4             968.826 harmonic seventh
 5:          2/1            1200.000 octave

The third column can show various things. The preset for this button is to set it to show cents. If you want to change this, edit the SCALA .cmd file using the Edit button in Make scales drop lists from Folders, & Opts for FTS <-> SCALA (Ctrl + 88). See the tool tip help for that button for more details.

Now that you have the scale in SCALA, you can use any SCALA command - see the SCALA help for details. I will just mention a couple often used by FTS users. (NB while exploring SCALA, be sure to explore some of the fun midi instruments in SCALA in its Analyse menu :-)).

For instance, try SHOW INTERVALS to show all intervals between pairs of notes in the scale.

As a shortcut you only need to type SH I (first few letters of each word)

This is the result:

Interval class, Number of incidences, Size:

 1:  3  8/7               231.174 cents  septimal whole tone
 1:  1  147/128           239.607 cents
 1:  1  7/6               266.871 cents  septimal minor third
 2:  1  64/49             462.348 cents
 2:  2  21/16             470.781 cents  narrow fourth
 2:  2  4/3               498.045 cents  perfect fourth
 3:  2  3/2               701.955 cents  perfect fifth
 3:  2  32/21             729.219 cents  wide fifth
 3:  1  49/32             737.652 cents
 4:  1  12/7              933.129 cents  septimal major sixth
 4:  1  256/147           960.393 cents
 4:  3  7/4               968.826 cents  harmonic seventh

The interval class is the number of notes that make up the interval.

You can copy / paste information from the SCALA output window to the clipboard in the usual way. You can also log all output from SCALA to a text file using SCALA | File | Save Window Text to... - then use File | Close text file when finished.

To show the intervals ordered according to size rather than interval class, use the /TOTAL switch:

SHOW /TOTAL INTERVALS

Maybe now you wonder where some of these intervals are located in the scale. You use SHOW LOCATIONS for this.:

Let's find out where the other perfect fifth is:

SHOW LOCATIONS 3/2

Locations of 3/2:

3: 0 - 3
3: 1 - 4  diff. -35.697
3: 2 - 5  diff. -27.264
3: 3 - 6  diff. -27.264
3: 4 - 7

Total of 5 ...

(various details about the search)

It's found the two exact ones, and also the three approximate ones.

0 - 3 means the 3/2 is between degrees 0 and 3, i.e. the first and fouth notes of the scale. So this is the obvious one, from the first note of the scale up to 3/2.

Where is the other one? It's between the fourth and the seventh degrees, but the scale only has five notes. So, this interval straddles the octave division. In fact, it's between 7/4 and 21/8.

You can play your scale in Scala from Analyse | Chromatic Clavier, and play using the mouse, or using letter keys, with various options - see the SCALA help for details.

In FTS, you can play it from the PC Keyboard using PC Keyboard Player (Ctrl + 112) or Template:W113

You can see what the degree is because it gets shown on the keyboard as you play, and also the ratio.

In the same way, we can now look for any other intervals in this scale which interest us, the septimal minor third say:

Septimal minor third:

Locations of 7/6:

1: 0 - 1  diff.  35.697
1: 1 - 2  diff.  27.264
1: 2 - 3  diff.  35.697
1: 3 - 4
1: 4 - 5  diff.  35.697

Total of 5...

And so on...

Make drop lists from SCALA archives or scales folders, and configure how to start Scala from FTS and vice versa

Make list of all scales in folder, SCALA modes lists && configure smithy.cmd...

You can use this window to make a scales list for use in FTS from all your saved SCALA scales in any folder. The obvious one to make is the list of all the scales in the SCALA archive, but if you are into scale construction yourself for instance, or have other collections of SCALA scales you can go on to make more lists of scales for any folder you like.

You can also make arpeggios lists in FTS from the modes list that come with SCALA - these are very useful if you want to explore the relevant scales in FTS, e.g. the various n-ets.

Finally you can also configure the show_xxx.cmd file to configure how SCALA starts up from FTS. This is used for the Show current scale in SCALA button - see the tool tip help for Edit it... for more details.

Help = F1

Click for help for this window. Or F1. Other opts: Shift , Alt, Ctrl + click...

F1 or click shows the help for the current window in your web browser.

Some windows may have no help yet in which case the help icon is shown crossed out with a red line.

Shift + F1 or Shift + Click brings up the tool tips extra help window (this window) to show any extra help for a tool tip.

You can tell if a tool tip has extra help if it ends ... like this one.

Ctrl + F1 or Ctrl + click takes you to the list of keyboard shortcuts for Tune Smithy.

Alt + F1 or Alt + click (alternatively Caps lock physically held down + F1 or Click) takes you to the on-line page at the robertinventor.com web site about the current main window task - which gives a short introduction to it for newbies to the program. If there is no on-line page specific to a task, takes you to the main tune smithy page on the web site.

Since the help for Tune Smithy is currently a bit out of date and needs to be redone completely for the new 3.0 release, then you may find the on-line page for some of the newer tasks particularly useful.

Organise Windows = F2

Or F2 - Reset / save / open for individual windows, right click for cat. list...

Shows the Organise windows window - which you can use to reset all the parameters for the current window - or save them all, or open previously saved parameters for just this window. Also has a drop list of all the windows and their shortcuts.

Scales Dialog Star

Tip of the day - Scales category - right click for neighbouring windows...

Left click for a tip of the day in this category.

Right click to see a menu of neighbouring windows.

The neighbours are the ones you most often move to after this one or within a minute of this one, arranged by popularity.

So as you continue to use FTS, it will learn your habits, and the neighbouring windows listed here, should be the ones you most often visit after this one.

Neighbours, and Previous - Up - Next

N.B. This list of neighbours may change when these pages are updated.

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