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Window 193

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=   Set Out devices for In Devices =
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<!-- This window is auto-generated from the Tune Smithy tool tips - don't edit it directly - any changes will get discarded next time it is imported into the wiki-->
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[[Window 192 | Previous]] - [[All_Tune_Smithy_Windows | Up]] - [[Window 194 | Next]]
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= Retuning range for parts =
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==Screen Shot==
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[[Image:Window_193.png|Retuning range for parts]]
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==Intro==
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Select the part you want to highlight
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==Enable Out devices for In==
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The part number can be used in many places in Tune Smithy, and is the equivalent of a Midi Out channel in FTS. You can't use Midi channels directly as the notes for a single part often have to be relayed to many different channels for retuning purposes.
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To make sure that FTS does the channel mapping optimally for your current out device(s), run the Out Devices Capabilities Wizard in the Out menu. If you want to customise which channels are used in detail, use {{w60}}
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===What is a part===
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When switched on, lets you assign out devices individually to each in device
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In a program without instant pitch bend retuning, this window would just show the midi out channels. However when you use pitch bends to change the tuning of the scale, it is the software that deals with the midi out channels rather than the user. The user doesn't work at that level at all (normally). So we need another way of working with instruments, volumes etc, so we need the Parts to take the place of channels.
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===Why are parts needed===
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This is why: To play a chord, say the just intonation major chord 1/1 5/4 3/2, using midi pitch bends, you have to play the notes on different output channels - for instance the 1/1 may be played on channel 1, the 5/4 on channel 2 and the 3/2 on channel 3. That's because the pitch bend is set for a channel as a whole in MIDI (normally anyway). This happens automatically in FTS, notes change channel frequently to let them be retuned correctly and smoothly. So notes of a single chord or melodic phrase will often be spread out over several midi channels. This sort of thing is something software can be programmed to keep track of in a routine (though complicated) fashion, but is mind boggling for a user of the software.
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So as a user of the software, you need something else to work with rather than Midi out channels, and that's where the Parts come in. You just set up a part much as you would do for a channel in twelve equal type Midi work. You set it up with a midi instrument, controllers, pan position etc. You don't need to worry about the techy details of which midi out channels to send all the pitch bends and other messages to. FTS keeps track of all those details for you. The software will send the notes on whatever channel is appropriate, depending on its records of which notes have been sent on them previously - and it will also set the pitch bends accordingly for each channel, and also send any controllers and other messages to the correct channels as well.
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===What if I want to see which midi channels are used by the parts===
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However, if you are interested to see where the notes did get relayed to, just show the Out | {{w47}} window. In the More version of that window, you will see the notes currently in play for the part listed by output channel, with the pitch bends in cents for each channel.
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You will find that notes that need the same pitch bend often share channels, for instance all the 5/4s may play on one channel, or notes a quarter tone sharp or flat or whatever may  all get played on the same channel - as long as they have the same requirements in terms of other controllers such as pan position etc.
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So for instance, notes in twenty four equal (quarter tone) only need two channels, one for the "standard" 12-et notes and one for all the notes a quarter tone sharp (or flat). Notes in any pentatonic scale only need five channels at most for the pitch bends, a seven note scale only needs seven channels at most, and a twelve note octave repeating scale needs only twelve channels to play all the notes (if the controllers and pan positions are the same) - less if there are any 12-et intervals in the scale.
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==Instr.==
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Shows which instruments play which parts.
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Set which of the out devices you want each In device to play
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==In Device==
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Choose an in device from this drop list
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==Out Device - AVOID REPEATS here==
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Choose the out device you want it to play on
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==Add==
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Add entry for the selected In device, set to play the selected out device
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==Remove==
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Remove currently highlighted out for in device from the list
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==Update highlight==
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Replace the currently highlighted out for in device with the new selections
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==Auto update In menu==
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Selects any In devices that are needed for your assignments of out for in...
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Whenever you change the choices of out devices for in devices, this option will automatically select all the in devices you need in the In menu, and switch off any that you don't need.
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==Auto update Out menu, selected devices set to play all parts==
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Selects any Out devices that are needed for your assignments of out for in...
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Whenever you change the choices of out devices for in devices, this option will automatically select all the out devices you need in the In menu, and switch off any that you don't need.
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It also updates them so that they are set to play all the parts - the idea there is that if it is the only out device to play from the selected in device, it may as well play all the parts.
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If you do a setup with one in device playing on several out devices, you may want to send some parts on some of the out devices and some on others. If so be sure to switch this option off before setting up the parts for the devices.
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==>>==
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Shows this window with either more space, more options, or alternative layout
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==Pause==
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Pause playback, or continue play
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==Play==
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Play midi clip, chord progression, fractal tune or metronome..
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What this plays depends on the task selected from the Tasks menu.
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SHORTCUT FOR FRACTAL TUNES OR METRONOME
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You can use Shift + click to fast forward...
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Also Ctrl to fast forward even more. Shift multiplies the tempo by 10 and Ctrl multiplies it by 100, so the two together would play a fractal tune at for instance, 60,000 instead of 60 as the tempo. This is useful sometimes for fast forwarding through fractal tunes.
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==Volume==
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Set overall volume. Check also Bs | Play control - Volume, && Parts window...
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The volume is also affected by the volume for individual parts in the Parts window. Also in the case of midi instruments you can configure the volume for windows as a whole using Bs | Play Control - Volume.
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For the Waveform player (triangle wave etc), go to the Waveform Player Audio Properties window (Ctrl + 188)
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For CSound instruments, you can set the overall volume in the CSound Options window (Ctrl + 168)
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You can also vary the volume in Out | Options | More | Volume Remapping (Ctrl + 158) and if playing from Midi In there's another setting at In | Options | Keyboard Options | Touch (Ctrl + 91)
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See also Help | FAQ - trouble shooting | Why is everything so quiet
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==Auto set by name==
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Sets relaying In devices to play on consecutive sound producing out devices...
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This gives a preset to get you started that may perhaps be suitable for many.
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You can save your own preset assignments for this window too - once you have it all set up as you like it, go to the O organise windows icon and save the contents of the window as Midi Relaying settings.
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This preset is done on the basis of the name. The idea is to look for devices that appear on both the in and out menus that are the same in name or similar after replacing the word "out" for "in". These then are quite likely to be for midi relaying rather than sound producing devices as such, as software loopbacks like Midi Yoke Junction, or USB devices, or hardware devices like soundcard ports are all likely to add similar named out and in devices to the menu.
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Any other devices in the out menu are then quite likely to be sound producing devices.
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So it goes through all those probably relaying in devices, and assigns them to consecutive probably sound producing out devices.
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==Parts for Devices...==
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Set which parts from the Parts window to play on which out devices
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==Channels for Parts...==
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Set which midi out channels to play for each part...
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You have sixteen midi channels to share out between the parts. On some devices however, the same instruments can share channels, so that you can have a flute and oboe say playing at once in the same channel, while with others you need to share the channels out between all the parts in play.
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Notes at (12) equal tempered intervals with each other can all be played on the same channel. However in other tunings, unless you use tuning tables, often notes for the same part will need to be played on different channels.
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How many you need to set aside for each part depends on the scale and the level of polyphony. For instance, quartertone music can be played on just two channels with the normal level of polyphony in Midi, one channel for the ordinary notes and another for the same notes a quarter tone sharp (or flat).
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You can play notes in a pentatonic scale, whatever the tuning, with at most five channels without any extra limitations on polyphony. Also any octave repeating twelve note scale can be played on twelve channels with no extra polyphony limitations.
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You can manage with less channels if you have less polyphony. If you have at most eight note polyphony say, then you may need only eight channels - that means polyphony involving eight separate scale degrees in octave repeating scales, as notes an octave apart can be played on the same channel. It is often good to have spare channels or so in addition to requirements, however because if you go right up to the limit of the number of channels and then change the chord, you can get pitch bend artefacts with the resonances of notes that continue to sound when they are switched off - or else they get abruptly stopped by an all sound off if you have that option selected. In that case sixteen channels would be safer for eight note chords and eight channels for four note chords - i.e. four notes ignoring any voices at octave intervals with each other.
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To change the instrument for a part, use the PARTS window. Then highlight the part to change, and select a new instrument from the Instruments menu, the Wave shape player, non melodic percussion, or the custom voices.
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You can highlight more than one part - click on the first part in the {{w9}}, and then drag with the mouse to seelct more than one part. Or use Shift + click on the last part or Ctrl + click to add just one part to the highlight.
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Then you will be able to change the instrument for all the highlighted parts at once. If you hold the SHIFT key down when you select an instrument, then you can select it, and the instruments that follow it in the menu into all the highlighted parts in the parts window - that's useful if you want to try out several instruments at once.
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You can select non melodic percussion into any part. The non melodic percussion needs to be played on a General Midi synth or sound card - most sound cards are GM, but many specialist musicians synths are not. The non melodic percussion notes all get played on the Midi output channel 10 (normally).
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You can select melodic instruments into part 10 as well, they will be relayed to other channels instead of channel 10 for a GM synth.
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When you play notes from Midi IN, you would expect notes sent to FTS from channel 10 to play non melodic percussion. That's what happens if you have In | Options | Select Parts by Input Channel - then FTS will treat all notes from channel 10 as non melodic percussion instrument selections.
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You can customise the way FTS deals with non melodic percussion using In | Options | {{w92}} and Out | Options | {{w106}}.
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A quick way to set up your Midi Out settings appropriately for your current midi Out device is to run the Out | Out Device Capabilities wizard.
==Help = F1==
==Help = F1==
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Click for help for this window. Or F1. Other opts: Shift , Alt, Ctrl + click...  
Click for help for this window. Or F1. Other opts: Shift , Alt, Ctrl + click...  
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F1 or click shows the help for the current window in your web browser.  
F1 or click shows the help for the current window in your web browser.  
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Some windows may have no help yet in which case the help icon is shown crossed out with a red line.
Some windows may have no help yet in which case the help icon is shown crossed out with a red line.
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Shift + F1 or Shift + Click brings up the tool tips extra help window (this window) to show any extra help for a tool tip.  
Shift + F1 or Shift + Click brings up the tool tips extra help window (this window) to show any extra help for a tool tip.  
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You can tell if a tool tip has extra help if it ends ... like this one.
You can tell if a tool tip has extra help if it ends ... like this one.
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Ctrl + F1 or Ctrl + click takes you to the list of keyboard shortcuts for Tune Smithy.
Ctrl + F1 or Ctrl + click takes you to the list of keyboard shortcuts for Tune Smithy.
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Alt + F1 or Alt + click (alternatively Caps lock physically held down + F1 or Click) takes you to the on-line page at the robertinventor.com web site about the current main window task - which gives a short introduction to it for newbies to the program. If there is no on-line page specific to a  task, takes you to the main tune smithy page on the web site.
Alt + F1 or Alt + click (alternatively Caps lock physically held down + F1 or Click) takes you to the on-line page at the robertinventor.com web site about the current main window task - which gives a short introduction to it for newbies to the program. If there is no on-line page specific to a  task, takes you to the main tune smithy page on the web site.
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Since the help for Tune Smithy is currently a bit out of date and needs to be redone completely for the new 3.0 release, then you may find the on-line page for some of the newer tasks particularly useful.  
Since the help for Tune Smithy is currently a bit out of date and needs to be redone completely for the new 3.0 release, then you may find the on-line page for some of the newer tasks particularly useful.  
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==[[Window 51 | Organise Windows = F2]]==
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Reset, or Save settings for this window. RIGHT CLICK for all windows menu...
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Shows the Organise windows window - which you can use to reset all the parameters for the current window.
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You can also use it to save the settings for just this window, or open previously saved parameters for just this window.
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==Organise Windows = F2==
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Also has a drop list of all the windows and their shortcuts, and related options - some to do with the menu listing, and some to do with window resizing and minimising.
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Or F2 - Reset / save / open for individual windows, right click for cat. list...
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Shows the Organise windows window - which you can use to reset all the parameters for the current window - or save them all, or open previously saved parameters for just this window. Also has a drop list of all the windows and their shortcuts.
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You can also right click on this icon as a quick way to get the floating drop menu of all the Tune Smithy windows organised by category
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==Midi Out Dialog Star==
==Midi Out Dialog Star==
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Tip of the day - Midi Relaying category - right click for neighbouring windows...
Tip of the day - Midi Relaying category - right click for neighbouring windows...
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The neighbours are the ones you most often move to after this one or within a minute of this one, arranged by popularity.
The neighbours are the ones you most often move to after this one or within a minute of this one, arranged by popularity.
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So as you continue to use FTS, it will learn your habits, and the neighbouring windows listed here, should be the ones you most often visit after this  one.
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=Neighbours, and [[Window 192 | Previous]] - [[All_Tune_Smithy_Windows | Up]] - [[Window 194 | Next]]=
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[[Window 9 |  Parts (Ctrl +  9) ]]
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N.B. This list of neighbours may change when these pages are updated.
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So as you continue to use FTS, it will learn your habits, and the neighbouring windows listed here, should be the ones you most often visit after this  one.
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Latest revision as of 14:18, 2 November 2008

Previous - Up - Next

Contents

Retuning range for parts

Screen Shot

Retuning range for parts

Intro

Select the part you want to highlight

The part number can be used in many places in Tune Smithy, and is the equivalent of a Midi Out channel in FTS. You can't use Midi channels directly as the notes for a single part often have to be relayed to many different channels for retuning purposes.

To make sure that FTS does the channel mapping optimally for your current out device(s), run the Out Devices Capabilities Wizard in the Out menu. If you want to customise which channels are used in detail, use Midi Output Channels for Parts and Polyphony (Ctrl + 60)

What is a part

In a program without instant pitch bend retuning, this window would just show the midi out channels. However when you use pitch bends to change the tuning of the scale, it is the software that deals with the midi out channels rather than the user. The user doesn't work at that level at all (normally). So we need another way of working with instruments, volumes etc, so we need the Parts to take the place of channels.

Why are parts needed

This is why: To play a chord, say the just intonation major chord 1/1 5/4 3/2, using midi pitch bends, you have to play the notes on different output channels - for instance the 1/1 may be played on channel 1, the 5/4 on channel 2 and the 3/2 on channel 3. That's because the pitch bend is set for a channel as a whole in MIDI (normally anyway). This happens automatically in FTS, notes change channel frequently to let them be retuned correctly and smoothly. So notes of a single chord or melodic phrase will often be spread out over several midi channels. This sort of thing is something software can be programmed to keep track of in a routine (though complicated) fashion, but is mind boggling for a user of the software.

So as a user of the software, you need something else to work with rather than Midi out channels, and that's where the Parts come in. You just set up a part much as you would do for a channel in twelve equal type Midi work. You set it up with a midi instrument, controllers, pan position etc. You don't need to worry about the techy details of which midi out channels to send all the pitch bends and other messages to. FTS keeps track of all those details for you. The software will send the notes on whatever channel is appropriate, depending on its records of which notes have been sent on them previously - and it will also set the pitch bends accordingly for each channel, and also send any controllers and other messages to the correct channels as well.

What if I want to see which midi channels are used by the parts

However, if you are interested to see where the notes did get relayed to, just show the Out | Notes in Play - Midi Out (Ctrl + 47) window. In the More version of that window, you will see the notes currently in play for the part listed by output channel, with the pitch bends in cents for each channel.

You will find that notes that need the same pitch bend often share channels, for instance all the 5/4s may play on one channel, or notes a quarter tone sharp or flat or whatever may all get played on the same channel - as long as they have the same requirements in terms of other controllers such as pan position etc.

So for instance, notes in twenty four equal (quarter tone) only need two channels, one for the "standard" 12-et notes and one for all the notes a quarter tone sharp (or flat). Notes in any pentatonic scale only need five channels at most for the pitch bends, a seven note scale only needs seven channels at most, and a twelve note octave repeating scale needs only twelve channels to play all the notes (if the controllers and pan positions are the same) - less if there are any 12-et intervals in the scale.

Instr.

Shows which instruments play which parts.

To change the instrument for a part, use the PARTS window. Then highlight the part to change, and select a new instrument from the Instruments menu, the Wave shape player, non melodic percussion, or the custom voices.

You can highlight more than one part - click on the first part in the Parts (Ctrl + 9), and then drag with the mouse to seelct more than one part. Or use Shift + click on the last part or Ctrl + click to add just one part to the highlight.

Then you will be able to change the instrument for all the highlighted parts at once. If you hold the SHIFT key down when you select an instrument, then you can select it, and the instruments that follow it in the menu into all the highlighted parts in the parts window - that's useful if you want to try out several instruments at once.

You can select non melodic percussion into any part. The non melodic percussion needs to be played on a General Midi synth or sound card - most sound cards are GM, but many specialist musicians synths are not. The non melodic percussion notes all get played on the Midi output channel 10 (normally).

You can select melodic instruments into part 10 as well, they will be relayed to other channels instead of channel 10 for a GM synth.

When you play notes from Midi IN, you would expect notes sent to FTS from channel 10 to play non melodic percussion. That's what happens if you have In | Options | Select Parts by Input Channel - then FTS will treat all notes from channel 10 as non melodic percussion instrument selections.

You can customise the way FTS deals with non melodic percussion using In | Options | More Midi In Options. (Ctrl + 92) and Out | Options | Out Devices Capabilities (Ctrl + 106).

A quick way to set up your Midi Out settings appropriately for your current midi Out device is to run the Out | Out Device Capabilities wizard.

Help = F1

Click for help for this window. Or F1. Other opts: Shift , Alt, Ctrl + click...

F1 or click shows the help for the current window in your web browser.

Some windows may have no help yet in which case the help icon is shown crossed out with a red line.

Shift + F1 or Shift + Click brings up the tool tips extra help window (this window) to show any extra help for a tool tip.

You can tell if a tool tip has extra help if it ends ... like this one.

Ctrl + F1 or Ctrl + click takes you to the list of keyboard shortcuts for Tune Smithy.

Alt + F1 or Alt + click (alternatively Caps lock physically held down + F1 or Click) takes you to the on-line page at the robertinventor.com web site about the current main window task - which gives a short introduction to it for newbies to the program. If there is no on-line page specific to a task, takes you to the main tune smithy page on the web site.

Since the help for Tune Smithy is currently a bit out of date and needs to be redone completely for the new 3.0 release, then you may find the on-line page for some of the newer tasks particularly useful.

Organise Windows = F2

Reset, or Save settings for this window. RIGHT CLICK for all windows menu...

Shows the Organise windows window - which you can use to reset all the parameters for the current window.

You can also use it to save the settings for just this window, or open previously saved parameters for just this window.

Also has a drop list of all the windows and their shortcuts, and related options - some to do with the menu listing, and some to do with window resizing and minimising.

Midi Out Dialog Star

Tip of the day - Midi Relaying category - right click for neighbouring windows...

Left click for a tip of the day in this category.

Right click to see a menu of neighbouring windows.

The neighbours are the ones you most often move to after this one or within a minute of this one, arranged by popularity.

So as you continue to use FTS, it will learn your habits, and the neighbouring windows listed here, should be the ones you most often visit after this one.

Neighbours, and Previous - Up - Next

Parts (Ctrl + 9)

N.B. This list of neighbours may change when these pages are updated.

Personal tools
Namespaces
Variants
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