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<!-- This window is auto-generated from the Tune Smithy tool tips - don't edit it directly - any changes will get discarded next time it is imported into the wiki-->
[[Window 19 | Previous]] - [[All_Tune_Smithy_Windows | Up]] - [[Window 21 | Next]]
[[Window 19 | Previous]] - [[All_Tune_Smithy_Windows | Up]] - [[Window 21 | Next]]
= Tempo and volume for fractal tune =
= Tempo and volume for fractal tune =
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==[[Window 20 | Intro]]==
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==Screen Shot==
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[[Image:Window_20.png|Tempo and volume for fractal tune]]
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Vary tempo and volume - includes option to vary them as  melody rises or falls
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==[[Window 20 | Tempo and volume for fractal tune]]==
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==Tempo==
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Set tempo for fractal tunes or vary tempo and volume...
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Vary this to make the tune faster or slower...
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You use this window to set the tempo, also to vary the tempo, and volumes continuously within the seed or "bar". Also you can configure the tune note sustain - how much each note overlaps the next one.
 +
 
 +
===How to get here===
 +
 
 +
Use the Tempo Opts button in many of the main windows. Or Bs | Tempo and Volume for Tune. Or [[Window 20 | Ctrl + 20]]
 +
 
 +
===How to use this window===
 +
 
 +
The Tempo field here sets the overall TEMPO for the tune.
 +
 
 +
====More about the overall tempo====
 +
 
 +
This is the  real tempo for the rhythm player. Also for some fractal tunes, for instance for File | New.
 +
 
 +
For fractal tunes, this gives the real tempo if you have each seed note set to play a single beat (no fractional seed beats) and have none of the tempo varying options switched on. Otherwise it is the basis for the tempo variations. The overall tempo may never actually be heard as it is - but if e.g. you double the overall tempo, all the real tempi get doubled.
 +
 
 +
====The other options let you vary the tempo and volume away from the overall tempo and volume====
 +
 
 +
The option to vary the timing or volume by arpeggio position can be used to make tunes that get quieter, or louder, or faster or slower for notes further along  the arpeggio.
 +
 
 +
The options to vary the rhythm by seed position will let you make rhythms that vary in tempo within each "bar" - as is often done by human performers. The volume variation lets you vary the volume similarly.
 +
 
 +
Then - the sustain option lets you make fractal tunes with overlapping sustained notes. The Humanise Timings is useful if you find the fractal tune or metronome too crips sounding and want chords  to be just a bit unsynchronised or arpeggiated.
 +
 
 +
The Set min tempo and Set max tempo options are useful if you find the tempo varies too much as a result of the other options, - you can set a limit on how far it can vary either way.
 +
 
 +
==Tempo - BEATS==
 +
 
 +
Vary to play faster or slower - seeds or beats per minute, or time for beat...
 +
 
 +
Choose what to show here in {{w20}}
    
    
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This is used to speed up or slow down playback, except for the Analyse Voice task where it sets the length of the note to play.
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Normally shown as a tempo in beats per minute . Can be set to show seeds per minute or the beat in seconds using the drop list in: Bs | {{w20}} - set it to Time for Beat
 +
 
 +
===How this works for fractal tune tasks, and connection of tempo with seed timings===
 +
 
 +
In the fractal tune tasks, this sets the length of the original seed note length prior to any changes you make in the rhythm.  
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Normally shown as a tempo in beats per minute in the other tasks, but can be set to show the note length by unselecting: Bs | Tempo and Volume for Tune | Show tempi for note length 1. In the Polyrhythm Metronome, it shows bars per minute.
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Many fractal rhythms and tunes have continually varying "tempi". But the tempo you set here will still affect the overall speed of the tune, e.g. if you double the tempo, the tune will play all the varying tempi at twice the speed.
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In the fractal tune tasks, this works by setting how long a seed note is in seconds - well, the seed note length that is prior to any changes you make in the rhythm.  
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With the tempo varying options switched off, then a tempo of 60 beats per minute, or a note length of one second will give you the seed at its original timings.
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Fractal rhythms and tunes that get faster as they go higher or lower in pitch will affect the momentary tempo at which individual notes are played. But whatever the other parameters, the overall speed of the tune will still increase or decrease in proportion depending on what you set for the tempo, or time for one note here.
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For seeds with fractional beats, e.g. using Bs | Seed and select "With timings" in that window, then a tempo of 60 will play the seed at the exact tempo you recorded it. The numbers in  {{w77}} will show the times for each seed note in seconds.
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You can make seeds for fractal tunes from a phrase you play yourself from Bs | Seed. If you do it that way, then when you have it set to show the note times, thhis field shows the time used to play any note which you recorded originally as one second. So if it is 0.125 (one eighth) then your seed gets speeded up eight times.
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Then for instance 480 will give you an eight times faster playback and so on.  
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Normally this shows the tempo rather than the note length. In that case 60 is 60 beats per minute, which gives the original recording speed for seeds you record yourself.  Then it would be 480 for an eight times faster playback and so on.  
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Any tempo varying options such as the ones in {{w20}} are applied on top of that basic tempo. So for instance if you vary the timing by the arpeggio pos, and have the tempo for pos 10 set to four times the basic tempo of the tune, then the seed notes that play 10s will be played four times faster than seed notes that play 0s.
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==Tempo - SPIN==
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==Tempo - BEATS - SPIN==
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Adjust the tempo (or note length)...
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Micro-adjust tempo (or note length) - by a SMALL amount...
Adjusts the tempo one beat per minute at a time
Adjusts the tempo one beat per minute at a time
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==Tempo - SPIN==
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==Tempo - BEATS - SPIN==
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Adjust tempo (or note length) by larger amounts...
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Adjust tempo (or note length) by LARGER amounts...
Clicking this twice doubles (or halves) the tempo or the note length.
Clicking this twice doubles (or halves) the tempo or the note length.
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See the tool tip extra help for Set max tempo for more informationd
See the tool tip extra help for Set max tempo for more informationd
 +
 +
NOTE This option isn't yet implemented for polyrhythms - will do something but probably won't work as expected.
==Set min tempo==
==Set min tempo==
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Set a maximum tempo for the shortest notes in the melody...
Set a maximum tempo for the shortest notes in the melody...
 +
 +
NOTE This option isn't yet implemented for polyrhythms - will do something but probably won't work as expected.
Short notes get affected more and more as they approach the maximum tempo while  long notes will be left unchanged. So melody and seed timings become more even as you approach the maximum tempo.
Short notes get affected more and more as they approach the maximum tempo while  long notes will be left unchanged. So melody and seed timings become more even as you approach the maximum tempo.
Line 97: Line 137:
This isn't quite the beat length itself actually, as it is a continuous thing. If you set this to say 80 % and had a huge number of beats, say 100, then the fastest beat would be pretty close to 80 percent of the normal 1/100th of a bar. For smaller numbers of beats per bar, then the actual shortest beat length will be a bit longer than this.
This isn't quite the beat length itself actually, as it is a continuous thing. If you set this to say 80 % and had a huge number of beats, say 100, then the fastest beat would be pretty close to 80 percent of the normal 1/100th of a bar. For smaller numbers of beats per bar, then the actual shortest beat length will be a bit longer than this.
 +
 +
==Sustain each note for==
 +
 +
Set to 1 for continuous notes, less than 1 for staccato, more for overlap...
 +
 +
This configures how much each note overlaps the next one in fractal tunes.
 +
 +
If you set it to more than 1 you get overlapping notes playing chords. Set it to 3 for instance and each note will overlap the next two notes played.
 +
 +
==Sustain each note for - SPIN==
 +
 +
Increase or decrease the note sustain for fractal tunes
==[[Window 42 | Tempo Map...]]==
==[[Window 42 | Tempo Map...]]==
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Unlike a normal play list, these fractal tunes become part of the tune you are working on. You can open the original files into this tune, but once you do so, they then become part of this tune, and if you change the original it will have no more effect.
Unlike a normal play list, these fractal tunes become part of the tune you are working on. You can open the original files into this tune, but once you do so, they then become part of this tune, and if you change the original it will have no more effect.
 +
 +
==[[Window 58 | Midi Out / Save timing...]]==
 +
 +
Vary beat timing and volume continously within the bar...
 +
 +
You use this window to set the tempo, also to vary the tempo, and volumes continuously within the seed or "bar". Also you can configure the tune note sustain - how much each note overlaps the next one.
==Use play list / tempo map==
==Use play list / tempo map==
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==Play==
==Play==
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Play midi clip, chord progression, fractal tune or metronome..
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Click here to play it...
What this plays depends on the task selected from the Tasks menu.
What this plays depends on the task selected from the Tasks menu.
 +
 +
It can play a retuned midi clip, chord progression, fractal tune or metronome
SHORTCUT FOR FRACTAL TUNES OR METRONOME
SHORTCUT FOR FRACTAL TUNES OR METRONOME
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==Volume==
==Volume==
-
Set overall volume. Check also Bs | Play control - Volume, && Parts window...
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Set master volume for FTS. Other controls also affect the volume...
-
The volume is also affected by the volume for individual parts in the Parts window. Also in the case of midi instruments you can configure the volume for windows as a whole using Bs | Play Control - Volume.
+
Bs | Play control brings up the master volume control for Windows as a whole.
-
For the Waveform player (triangle wave etc), go to the Waveform Player Audio Properties window (Ctrl + 188)
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The volume is also affected by the volume for individual parts in the {{w9}} window.
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For CSound instruments, you can set the overall volume in the CSound Options window (Ctrl + 168)
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For the Wave shape player, go to the {{w188}}
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You can also vary the volume in Out | Options | More | Volume Remapping (Ctrl + 158) and if playing from Midi In there's another setting at In | Options | Keyboard Options | Touch (Ctrl + 91)
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For CSound instruments, you can set the overall volume in the {{w168}}
 +
 
 +
You can also vary the volume in Out | Options | More | {{w158}} and if playing from Midi In there's another setting at In | Options | Keyboard Options | {{w91}}
See also Help | FAQ - trouble shooting | Why is everything so quiet
See also Help | FAQ - trouble shooting | Why is everything so quiet
Line 156: Line 218:
Since the help for Tune Smithy is currently a bit out of date and needs to be redone completely for the new 3.0 release, then you may find the on-line page for some of the newer tasks particularly useful.  
Since the help for Tune Smithy is currently a bit out of date and needs to be redone completely for the new 3.0 release, then you may find the on-line page for some of the newer tasks particularly useful.  
-
==Organise Windows = F2==
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==[[Window 51 | Organise Windows = F2]]==
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Or F2 - Reset / save / open for individual windows, right click for cat. list...
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Reset, or Save settings for this window. RIGHT CLICK for all windows menu...
-
Shows the Organise windows window - which you can use to reset all the parameters for the current window - or save them all, or open previously saved parameters for just this window. Also has a drop list of all the windows and their shortcuts.
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Shows the Organise windows window - which you can use to reset all the parameters for the current window.
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You can also right click on this icon as a quick way to get the floating drop menu of all the Tune Smithy windows organised by category
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You can also use it to save the settings for just this window, or open previously saved parameters for just this window.
 +
 
 +
Also has a drop list of all the windows and their shortcuts, and related options - some to do with the menu listing, and some to do with window resizing and minimising.
==Fractal Tunes Dialog Star==
==Fractal Tunes Dialog Star==
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The neighbours are the ones you most often move to after this one or within a minute of this one, arranged by popularity.
The neighbours are the ones you most often move to after this one or within a minute of this one, arranged by popularity.
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So as you continue to use FTS, it will learn your habits, and the neighbouring windows listed here, should be the ones you most often visit after this  one.=Neighbours, and [[Window 44794236 | Previous]] - [[All_Tune_Smithy_Windows | Up]] - [[Window 44793880 | Next]]=
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So as you continue to use FTS, it will learn your habits, and the neighbouring windows listed here, should be the ones you most often visit after this  one.
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[[Window 5 |  New Scale (Ctrl +  5) == Ctrl + Shift + SCALE]]
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=Neighbours, and [[Window 19 | Previous]] - [[All_Tune_Smithy_Windows | Up]] - [[Window 21 | Next]]=
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[[Window 5 |  New Scale (Ctrl +  5) ]]
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[[Window 141 |  Help For Tool Tip - Shift + F1 (Ctrl + 141) == Ctrl + Shift + HELP == HelpDEBUG]]
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-
 
+
-
[[Window 69 |  Pitch Detection - Count Waves method (Ctrl +  69) == Ctrl + Shift + WAVECOUNTFREQDETECTION == WaveCountFreqDetection]]
+
-
 
+
-
[[Window 67 |  Frequency Spectrum Options (Ctrl +  67) == Ctrl + Shift + FREQUENCYSPECTRUMOPTIONS == FREQUENCY_SPECTRUM_OPTIONS]]
+
-
[[Window 66 Oscilloscope Options (Ctrl + 66) == Ctrl + Shift + OSCILLOSCOPEOPTIONS == OSCILLOSCOPE_OPTIONS]]
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[[Window 141 Help For Tool Tip - Shift + F1 (Ctrl + 141) ]]
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[[Window 65 Tuner Options (Ctrl +  65) == Ctrl + Shift + TUNEROPTIONS == TunerConfig]]
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[[Window 51 Organise windows (Ctrl +  51) ]]
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[[Window 64 Frequency Spectrum (Ctrl +  64) == Ctrl + Shift + FFT == FREQUENCY_SPECTRUM]]
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[[Window 57 File Associations (Ctrl +  57) ]]
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[[Window 63 Oscilloscope (Ctrl +  63) == Ctrl + Shift + OSCILLOSCOPE == Oscilloscope]]
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[[Window 43 File Associations - Options (Ctrl +  43) ]]
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[[Window 62 Tuner - Count Waves or Freq. Spectrum Pitch Detection (Ctrl + 62) == Ctrl + Shift + TUNER == Tuner]]
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[[Window 102 All windows Overview (Ctrl + 102) ]]
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N.B. This list of neighbours may change each time this help is updated - it is based on the windows I use myself most often after this one.
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N.B. This list of neighbours may change when these pages are updated.

Latest revision as of 14:18, 2 November 2008

Previous - Up - Next

Contents

Tempo and volume for fractal tune

Screen Shot

Tempo and volume for fractal tune

Tempo and volume for fractal tune

Set tempo for fractal tunes or vary tempo and volume...

You use this window to set the tempo, also to vary the tempo, and volumes continuously within the seed or "bar". Also you can configure the tune note sustain - how much each note overlaps the next one.

How to get here

Use the Tempo Opts button in many of the main windows. Or Bs | Tempo and Volume for Tune. Or Ctrl + 20

How to use this window

The Tempo field here sets the overall TEMPO for the tune.

More about the overall tempo

This is the real tempo for the rhythm player. Also for some fractal tunes, for instance for File | New.

For fractal tunes, this gives the real tempo if you have each seed note set to play a single beat (no fractional seed beats) and have none of the tempo varying options switched on. Otherwise it is the basis for the tempo variations. The overall tempo may never actually be heard as it is - but if e.g. you double the overall tempo, all the real tempi get doubled.

The other options let you vary the tempo and volume away from the overall tempo and volume

The option to vary the timing or volume by arpeggio position can be used to make tunes that get quieter, or louder, or faster or slower for notes further along the arpeggio.

The options to vary the rhythm by seed position will let you make rhythms that vary in tempo within each "bar" - as is often done by human performers. The volume variation lets you vary the volume similarly.

Then - the sustain option lets you make fractal tunes with overlapping sustained notes. The Humanise Timings is useful if you find the fractal tune or metronome too crips sounding and want chords to be just a bit unsynchronised or arpeggiated.

The Set min tempo and Set max tempo options are useful if you find the tempo varies too much as a result of the other options, - you can set a limit on how far it can vary either way.

Tempo - BEATS

Vary to play faster or slower - seeds or beats per minute, or time for beat...

Choose what to show here in Tempo and volume for fractal tune (Ctrl + 20)


Normally shown as a tempo in beats per minute . Can be set to show seeds per minute or the beat in seconds using the drop list in: Bs | Tempo and volume for fractal tune (Ctrl + 20) - set it to Time for Beat

How this works for fractal tune tasks, and connection of tempo with seed timings

In the fractal tune tasks, this sets the length of the original seed note length prior to any changes you make in the rhythm.

Many fractal rhythms and tunes have continually varying "tempi". But the tempo you set here will still affect the overall speed of the tune, e.g. if you double the tempo, the tune will play all the varying tempi at twice the speed.

With the tempo varying options switched off, then a tempo of 60 beats per minute, or a note length of one second will give you the seed at its original timings.

For seeds with fractional beats, e.g. using Bs | Seed and select "With timings" in that window, then a tempo of 60 will play the seed at the exact tempo you recorded it. The numbers in Main window seed (Ctrl + 77) will show the times for each seed note in seconds.

Then for instance 480 will give you an eight times faster playback and so on.

Any tempo varying options such as the ones in Tempo and volume for fractal tune (Ctrl + 20) are applied on top of that basic tempo. So for instance if you vary the timing by the arpeggio pos, and have the tempo for pos 10 set to four times the basic tempo of the tune, then the seed notes that play 10s will be played four times faster than seed notes that play 0s.

Tempo - BEATS - SPIN

Micro-adjust tempo (or note length) - by a SMALL amount...

Adjusts the tempo one beat per minute at a time

Tempo - BEATS - SPIN

Adjust tempo (or note length) by LARGER amounts...

Clicking this twice doubles (or halves) the tempo or the note length.

(Each click multiplies it by root two).

Set min tempo

Set a minimum tempo for the longest notes in the melody...

See the tool tip extra help for Set max tempo for more informationd

NOTE This option isn't yet implemented for polyrhythms - will do something but probably won't work as expected.

Set min tempo

This is the minimum tempo for the longest notes in the melody...

See the tool tip extra help for Set max tempo for more information

Set max tempo

Set a maximum tempo for the shortest notes in the melody...

NOTE This option isn't yet implemented for polyrhythms - will do something but probably won't work as expected.

Short notes get affected more and more as they approach the maximum tempo while long notes will be left unchanged. So melody and seed timings become more even as you approach the maximum tempo.

The way it is done is that as the notes in the original melody get shorter, they get increased in length to compensate. The compensation gets more and more as the notes get shorter and it is done in such a way that no matter how short the original notes were, the maximum tempo can never quite be reached.

This means that it is a gradual rather than a sharp cut off point with the change happening smoothly.

For those interested in how it is done:

The formula used actually is

f(x) = sin(x) for x = 0

 = atan(x) for x > PI/4

and it changes smoothly from sin(x) to atan(x) as x increases from 0 to PI/4.

This formula gets applied to the log of the ratio of the note time to the tempo indication for notes of length 1 (or the minimum tempo, whichever is greatest) and then the inverse log is taken again at the end of the calculation.

One could use any function here that has a slope of 1 at x = 0 and approaches 1 asymptotically as x tends to infinity. (e.g. a formula derived from the integral of the normal distribution would seem a natural choice). The one used here was chosen because it is fast and easy for a computer to calculate.

Set max tempo

This is the maximum tempo for the shortest notes in the melody...

See the tool tip extra help for Set max tempo for more information

Vary rhythm by seed position

Varies the timing within the bar, also timing of bars too...

Normally when musicians play, they don't play quite a fixed beat like a clock ticking. Instead, the beats vary within a bar so for instance the first beat might be rather longer than the remaining ones and the last beat really quite short in comparison sometimes, or it may be the other way around. Also often bars too vary in length over larger time scales for instance in a repeating four bar pattern, the bars may not all be quite the same length.

One way around that in software is to set what musicians call a "groove" - a pre-recorded pattern of beats repeating every bar.

This option lets you vary the beat in another way by setting the amount of variation you want, and where in the bar you want the fastest beat to go. This gives a continuously varying organic feel to the rhythm, though it doesn't quite have the flexibility of a groove, it is automatic to set up and vary, and you can then try to follow the computer's timing pattern.

Also it lets you vary the beat pattern at larger time scales - that's what the level parameter is about. See the tool tip for that option for details

Vary tempo to

How much to vary the beat length by...

This isn't quite the beat length itself actually, as it is a continuous thing. If you set this to say 80 % and had a huge number of beats, say 100, then the fastest beat would be pretty close to 80 percent of the normal 1/100th of a bar. For smaller numbers of beats per bar, then the actual shortest beat length will be a bit longer than this.

Sustain each note for

Set to 1 for continuous notes, less than 1 for staccato, more for overlap...

This configures how much each note overlaps the next one in fractal tunes.

If you set it to more than 1 you get overlapping notes playing chords. Set it to 3 for instance and each note will overlap the next two notes played.

Sustain each note for - SPIN

Increase or decrease the note sustain for fractal tunes

Tempo Map...

Set a play list of fractal tunes, or set tempo changes...

Unlike a normal play list, these fractal tunes become part of the tune you are working on. You can open the original files into this tune, but once you do so, they then become part of this tune, and if you change the original it will have no more effect.

Midi Out / Save timing...

Vary beat timing and volume continously within the bar...

You use this window to set the tempo, also to vary the tempo, and volumes continuously within the seed or "bar". Also you can configure the tune note sustain - how much each note overlaps the next one.

Use play list / tempo map

Switch on the play list or tempo map

Play

Click here to play it...

What this plays depends on the task selected from the Tasks menu.

It can play a retuned midi clip, chord progression, fractal tune or metronome

SHORTCUT FOR FRACTAL TUNES OR METRONOME

You can use Shift + click to fast forward...

Also Ctrl to fast forward even more. Shift multiplies the tempo by 10 and Ctrl multiplies it by 100, so the two together would play a fractal tune at for instance, 60,000 instead of 60 as the tempo. This is useful sometimes for fast forwarding through fractal tunes.

Pause

Pause playback, or continue play

Volume

Set master volume for FTS. Other controls also affect the volume...

Bs | Play control brings up the master volume control for Windows as a whole.

The volume is also affected by the volume for individual parts in the Parts (Ctrl + 9) window.

For the Wave shape player, go to the Wave Shape Player Audio Format (Ctrl + 188)

For CSound instruments, you can set the overall volume in the C Sound Save Opts (Ctrl + 168)

You can also vary the volume in Out | Options | More | Volume remapping, note on / off volumes etc. (Ctrl + 158) and if playing from Midi In there's another setting at In | Options | Keyboard Options | Touch. (Ctrl + 91)

See also Help | FAQ - trouble shooting | Why is everything so quiet

Help = F1

Click for help for this window. Or F1. Other opts: Shift , Alt, Ctrl + click...

F1 or click shows the help for the current window in your web browser.

Some windows may have no help yet in which case the help icon is shown crossed out with a red line.

Shift + F1 or Shift + Click brings up the tool tips extra help window (this window) to show any extra help for a tool tip.

You can tell if a tool tip has extra help if it ends ... like this one.

Ctrl + F1 or Ctrl + click takes you to the list of keyboard shortcuts for Tune Smithy.

Alt + F1 or Alt + click (alternatively Caps lock physically held down + F1 or Click) takes you to the on-line page at the robertinventor.com web site about the current main window task - which gives a short introduction to it for newbies to the program. If there is no on-line page specific to a task, takes you to the main tune smithy page on the web site.

Since the help for Tune Smithy is currently a bit out of date and needs to be redone completely for the new 3.0 release, then you may find the on-line page for some of the newer tasks particularly useful.

Organise Windows = F2

Reset, or Save settings for this window. RIGHT CLICK for all windows menu...

Shows the Organise windows window - which you can use to reset all the parameters for the current window.

You can also use it to save the settings for just this window, or open previously saved parameters for just this window.

Also has a drop list of all the windows and their shortcuts, and related options - some to do with the menu listing, and some to do with window resizing and minimising.

Fractal Tunes Dialog Star

Tip of the day - Fractal Tunes category - right click for neighbouring windows...

Left click for a tip of the day in this category.

Right click to see a menu of neighbouring windows.

The neighbours are the ones you most often move to after this one or within a minute of this one, arranged by popularity.

So as you continue to use FTS, it will learn your habits, and the neighbouring windows listed here, should be the ones you most often visit after this one.

Neighbours, and Previous - Up - Next

New Scale (Ctrl + 5)

Help For Tool Tip - Shift + F1 (Ctrl + 141)

Organise windows (Ctrl + 51)

File Associations (Ctrl + 57)

File Associations - Options (Ctrl + 43)

All windows Overview (Ctrl + 102)

N.B. This list of neighbours may change when these pages are updated.

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