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<!-- This window is auto-generated from the Tune Smithy tool tips - don't edit it directly - any changes will get discarded next time it is imported into the wiki-->
[[Window 4 | Previous]] - [[All_Tune_Smithy_Windows | Up]] - [[Window 6 | Next]]
[[Window 4 | Previous]] - [[All_Tune_Smithy_Windows | Up]] - [[Window 6 | Next]]
= New Scale =
= New Scale =
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==Screen Shot==
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[[Image:Window_5.png|New Scale]]
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==[[Window 5 | New Scale]]==
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 +
Easy way to make a new scale by selecting notes from other scales...
 +
 +
===How to get here===
 +
 +
You can show this window from Bs2 | Scale - click to edit - or use the shortcut [[Window 5 | Ctrl + 5]]
 +
 +
===How to use this window ===
 +
 +
First select a scale from the drop list or enter values. You can use the Get button to get the current main window scale.
 +
 +
The dots window will then show the scale as dots, and your new edited scale as downward pointing triangles. Click on any dot to add in that note. Click on any of the triangles to remove the note.
 +
 +
When the scale is ready you can use the Apply button to copy the result back into the main window.
 +
 +
===More details ===
 +
 +
You can change your selection of scale to select from at any time - and add in more notes from the new scale. In this way you can add notes from any of the source scales.
 +
 +
You can also edit the new scale directly in the New Scale text field.
 +
 +
If you want to select notes from a scale with equally spaced steps, use the Make ET field and enter the desired number of steps per octave. You can also choose from non octave scales - to show divisions of some other interval instead of the octave use a % before the interval to divide. E.g. 20%3/2 to get 20 divisions of 3/2 or 7%1210.0 for a seven tone scale stretched by ten cents.
 +
 +
If you need to zoom in or out, use the width in octave fields. Use the Expand button if necessary to repeat the blue dots to fill the visible region.
 +
 +
===How to play the scale in this window ===
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 +
You can play the scale you have made so far and switch off the editing features at any time to audition it. To do that select the Play radio button, click on the picture of the music keyboard, and then play the notes using the top row of your PC keyboard.
 +
 +
You can also play the notes from MIidi In if you select Relay from Midi In - this will override the main window scale whenever this window is active
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==Select from==
==Select from==
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The Mean tone... entry opens a separate window which you can use to create a new mean tone scale by entering the amount of the comma - it lets you make the scale in this window or in the main window as you prefer.
The Mean tone... entry opens a separate window which you can use to create a new mean tone scale by entering the amount of the comma - it lets you make the scale in this window or in the main window as you prefer.
-
Some of the other scale construction options at the bottom of the Scale Explorations window (Ctrl + 17) work similarly - they can also be used to directly alter the scale to select from in this window.
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Some of the other scale construction options at the bottom of the {{w17}} work similarly - they can also be used to directly alter the scale to select from in this window.
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==Select from==
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==New notes in==
Scale values for the scales to select from
Scale values for the scales to select from
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For instance, an equal temperament scale can be given using just one (or two) values, e.g. 100.0 for twelve equal, 1//17 for seventeen equal etc. This will expand it to fit the window, for instance to the octave (depending on width in octaves). You can then select from the result using mouse or keyboard.
For instance, an equal temperament scale can be given using just one (or two) values, e.g. 100.0 for twelve equal, 1//17 for seventeen equal etc. This will expand it to fit the window, for instance to the octave (depending on width in octaves). You can then select from the result using mouse or keyboard.
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 +
==Width==
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Width to show in octaves
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==Width - SPIN==
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Increase or decrease width to show in octaves
==Make ET==
==Make ET==
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For equal divisions of some other interval instead of the 2/1 use a %, e.g. 13%3/1 for 13 divisions of 3/1 etc
For equal divisions of some other interval instead of the 2/1 use a %, e.g. 13%3/1 for 13 divisions of 3/1 etc
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==Width==
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==Edit==
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Width to show in octaves
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Edit using mouse or pc keyboard
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==octaves - SPIN==
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==Play==
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Increase or decrease width to show in octaves
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Play using mouse or pc keyboard, can edit in dots area using mouse...
 +
 
 +
You can also play the scale or arpeggio in this window from Midi In by selecting Play New Seed / Apreggio / Scale  Midi In Options [[Window 25 | (Ctrl + 25)]])
 +
 
 +
==Play, Kbd only==
 +
 
 +
Play this scale or arpeggio from mouse && Pc kbd, not midi in...
 +
 
 +
Notes from midi in play the main window scale or arpeggio with this option.
 +
 
 +
==Synth Chord==
 +
 
 +
Use the Wave Shape Player to make an audio clip of the selected notes...
 +
 
 +
It is made using the Wave Shape Player. This is particularly useful for hearing the distinction between just and tempered chords.
 +
 
 +
Once done you play it using Shift + click on the play button for this window.
 +
 
 +
You can choose whether to make a chord, broken chord, or sequence, and the total time, from the {{w167}} window.
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 +
You can use any of the existing Wave Shape Player instruments, or set up a new instrument. To do that use {{w166}} - either set that window up as you like or open an existing Wave Player instrument from the drop menu.
 +
 
 +
Note - if you are using FTS for Spectrum analysis - this option works by overriding the Make waveform from partials button for Tasks | Analyse Midi Voice - so it erases your current list of partials found, if any - it replaces them with the pitches for your chord to synthesize.
 +
 
 +
==[[Window 167 | Opts...]]==
 +
 
 +
Chord to Synthesize - and Opts..
 +
 
 +
You can use this window to make an audio clip of a chord, broken chord, double broken (try it out to find out what that does) or sequence.
 +
 
 +
The chord is made using one of the Wave Shape Player instruments - these are particularly useful for hearing distinctions of just and tempered tunings as they are steady in pitch and accurately pitched, with no vibrato. They also use harmonic timbres (most of them).
 +
 
 +
A pure harmonic timbre is one in which all the component pitches are exact multiples of the base frequency. This means that the waveform repeats exactly. In fact mathematically pure harmonic timbres are the same thing as exactly repeating waveforms.
 +
 
 +
The wave shape player - though it can play other sounds such as plucked sounds - specialises in pure harmonic timbres with a very wide range of shapes for the waveform - using various mathematical formulae.
==Scale dots==
==Scale dots==
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Click or use keyboard to add or remove notes..
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Click with mouse, or press keys on PC keyboard to add or remove notes..
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This selects notes from the scale to select from above.
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===For the New Seed windows===
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The same method is used for the seed, scale or arpeggio windows. With the arpeggio windows, as an extra option use Ctrl + click to make an ascending / descending arpeggio.
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click on a dot to play the seed note, or use the keys 1, 2, 3, ... on the top row of keyboard. Continue with the other rows if you need to go higher. If you select With timings, then the timing of your keyboard or mouse playing is used for the seed. Otherwise the timing is ignored
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With the keyboard, use the numbers  2 3 etc to add or remove the correspondingly numbered notes.
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===For the New Scale or Arpeggio windowss===
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Normally the key 1 is assigned to the 1/1, which for scales has no effect when editing, but plays the 1/1 when set to Play. The 2 then adds or removes the first scale value and so  on.
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When you use the mouse, click on a dot to add that note, click on the triangle to remove the note.
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If your keyboard has a key to the left of the 1, and you prefer the 1 to add or remove the first scale value, go to notes to play for PC Keys (Ctrl + 24) | More whereyou have an option to use the key to the left of 1 on the keyboard as the first note.
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When you use the PC Keyboard, use the keys  2 3 etc to add or remove notes.
 +
 
 +
Normally the key 1 is assigned to the 1/1. Then the 1 on your PC keyboard has no effect when you select Edit, but plays the 1/1 when you select Play. The 2 on the keyboard then adds or removes the first scale value and so  on.
 +
 
 +
If your keyboard has a key to the left of the 1, and you prefer the 1 to add or remove the first scale value, you can set it up like this. Go to Mouse & PC Keyboard Player - To Play [[Window 24 | (Ctrl + 24)]]) | More. You will find an option to use the key to the left of 1 on the keyboard as the first note.
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 +
==Ech... Echo Dots==
 +
 
 +
Echo the dots picture in a larger window
==Scale keyboard picture==
==Scale keyboard picture==
-
Keyboard picture for new scale - use to play notes or select them...
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Music Keyboard picture - use to play notes or select them...
 +
 
 +
===Keyboard Layout===
This shows the  notes on a picture of a music keyboard. It uses a standard black and white keys type arrangement, except that the white keys vary in width, with the D, G and A keys a bit wider than the others.
This shows the  notes on a picture of a music keyboard. It uses a standard black and white keys type arrangement, except that the white keys vary in width, with the D, G and A keys a bit wider than the others.
This makes  it possible to display the notes as dots positioned exactly according to the pitch - those three white keys are wider because the interval from e.g. C# to D# is more than the interval from D# to the mid point of E and F.
This makes  it possible to display the notes as dots positioned exactly according to the pitch - those three white keys are wider because the interval from e.g. C# to D# is more than the interval from D# to the mid point of E and F.
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 +
The idea is that when you play chords, the interval between notes will be shown as the same distance, wherever you may play it on the keyboard. For instance, if you play a 6/5 anywhere on the keyboard, the distance between the dots will be the same.
 +
 +
===How to make the seed, arpeggio or scale===
 +
 +
Same approach as for the dots window.
 +
 +
===For the New Seed windows===
 +
 +
click on a dot to play the seed note, or use the keys 1, 2, 3, ... on the top row of keyboard. Continue with the other rows if you need to go higher. If you select With timings, then the timing of your keyboard or mouse playing is used for the seed. Otherwise the timing is ignored
 +
 +
===For the New Scale or Arpeggio windows===
 +
 +
When you use the mouse, click on a dot to add that note, click on the triangle to remove the note.
 +
 +
When you use the PC Keyboard, use the keys  2 3 etc to add or remove notes.
 +
 +
Normally the key 1 is assigned to the 1/1. Then the 1 on your PC keyboard has no effect when you select Edit, but plays the 1/1 when you select Play. The 2 on the keyboard then adds or removes the first scale value and so  on.
 +
 +
If your keyboard has a key to the left of the 1, and you prefer the 1 to add or remove the first scale value, you can set it up like this. Go to Mouse & PC Keyboard Player - To Play [[Window 24 | (Ctrl + 24)]]) | More. You will find an option to use the key to the left of 1 on the keyboard as the first note.
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 +
==Ech... Echo Keyboard==
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 +
Echo the keyboard picture in a larger window
==Apply==
==Apply==
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Erase your new scale
Erase your new scale
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 +
==Deg. 0==
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Show the 1/1 on the left, right, in the middle, or auto...
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 +
The auto option chooses between left, right, or middle  depending on whether the scale to select from has only intervals above the 1/1 (usual situation), only intervals below it (e.g. subharmonic series) or both types of intervals.
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 +
Most scales will only have intervals above the 1/1, so usually Left is what you want. Sometimes when one is working with the fractal tunes one may want to make a scale which has intervals below the 1/1, or both types of interval.
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 +
The Auto option detects intervals below the 1/1 automatically and positions the 1/1 so that you can see the scale intervals.
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 +
You can also set this by hand - for instance choose BOTH to add notes below the 1/1 to a seed, scale or arpeggio with notes only above the 1/1.
==[[Window 24 | Notes for keys...]]==
==[[Window 24 | Notes for keys...]]==
Various options that affect the pitches and so on as played from the PC keyboard.
Various options that affect the pitches and so on as played from the PC keyboard.
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 +
==[[Window 75 | Opts...]]==
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 +
Options for the New Seed, Scale and Arpeggio windows
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 +
==[[Window 111 | Show...]]==
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 +
What to show on music keyboard pictures - note names, intervals etc...
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 +
Choose what to show on pictures of the music keyboard when you play notes. Also various other display options such as text size, width in octaves and so on.
 +
 +
This is for any of the windows that have a picture of the music keyboard - the main window Music Keyboard player, multi-line player, and the Scale, Arpeggio and Seed edit windows.
 +
 +
If you select the Beating Partials option - note that this will show the Beats window whenever you play a chord.
 +
 +
These music keyboard pictures - though very similar looking to a conventional music keyboard, actually have the white keys of two sizes - the D, G and A keys are a little broader than the others. This is so that the width of the key can correspond exactly to the pitch range that it spans.
 +
 +
The stretchy keyboard options let you show the normal music keyboard and below it, another version which is stretched or compressed to show the notes to press on your Midi keyboard to get the desired pitches. This can be useful when you play notes from a music keyboard in FTS or use FTS for composition retuning via Midi In.
 +
 +
==Steps==
 +
 +
Shows the scale  intervals as steps from each note to the next...
 +
 +
When unselected, shows the intervals from the 1/1
 +
 +
==1/1==
 +
 +
Select this to show the 1/1 at the start of the scale...
 +
 +
The SCALA convention is to leave out the 1/1. It will get played automatically and any scale is assumed to start at the 1/1. If you want a scale that starts at another pitch rather than the 1/1, for instance for the Thai seven tone modes, do it as an arpeggio and miss out degree 0.
 +
 +
Occasionally one may want to start the scale with repeating 1/1s. Since that is unusual, normally any repeats of the 1/1 at the start of the scale get ignored when you choose to hide the 1/1.
 +
 +
To make sure that they repeat with the 1/1 hidden, put an at sign (@) before the first one that repeats.
==Name==
==Name==
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Enter your name for your new scale here
Enter your name for your new scale here
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==New scale==
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==Name==
Enter scale itself - or make by clicking on dots to select from larger scale...  
Enter scale itself - or make by clicking on dots to select from larger scale...  
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When done, use the Apply button to put the result back into the main  window
When done, use the Apply button to put the result back into the main  window
-
==New scale - SPIN==
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==Show in SCALA - SPIN==
Rotate the scale steps around
Rotate the scale steps around
-
==[[Window 112 | Play from PC keyboard]]==
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==/==
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Play in this tuning from PC keyboard...
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Adds the new scale to the list below the highlighted scale
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==More >>==
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=====
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Shows this window with either more space, more options, or alternative layout
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Replaces the highlighted scale in the list
-
==Ech... Echo Dots==
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==-==
-
Echo the dots picture in a larger window
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Remove the highlighted scale in the list
-
==Ech... Echo Keyboard==
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==# (number)==
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Echo the keyboard picture in a larger window
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Make a link to a new list of scales...
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==[[Window 75 | Opts...]]==
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You enter the name for the new list in the description field. Then place the desired fiile name to use for the new list in the place where the numbers normally go. You can leave the scale entries field blank to use the description as the file name.
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Options for the New Seed, Scale and Arpeggio windows
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The current main window scale is set as the preset scale for the list when it is opened. So make sure the current scale is a suitable one for the list when you first make it.
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==[[Window 111 | What to Show...]]==
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Then click this button to start your new list  of scales.  
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What to show on the music keyboard pictures - intervals, chord intervals etc
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To edit your new list, highlight the entry, and use the Follow button to navigate to your new list, then edit it in the usual way.
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==Steps==
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To link to an existing scales drop list just enter the description, and the file name (if different) and use Add as link.
-
Shows the scale  intervals as steps from each note to the next...
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==F.T. step==
-
When unselected, shows the intervals from the 1/1
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Size of the step for spin control to adjust fine tune from concert pitch
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==F.T. step - SPIN==
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 +
Increase or decrease the fine tune step...
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 +
Adjusts by root two each time, so two clicks double the amount of the step.
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 +
==[[Window 112 | PC Keyboard Player]]==
 +
 
 +
Play in this tuning from PC keyboard
 +
 
 +
==C... Copy Scale==
 +
 
 +
Copy new scale to clipboard in SCALA format...
 +
 
 +
This is a quick way to move this scale into another document or program. It shows the scale in the standard SCALA format, with each scale value on a separate line.
 +
 
 +
You can then go to another document, e-mail, text field or program, and use right click and paste, or Ctrl + V or the like to paste the scale there.!
 +
 
 +
==P... Paste Scale==
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 +
Paste new scale from clipboard in SCALA format
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 +
This is particularly useful if someone sends you a scale in an e-mail or the like. They may include it in the standard SCALA format - with a description line, then the number of notes in the scale, then the values of the scale one to a line.
 +
 
 +
If you see a scale like that, just highlight the entire scale, right click on it and choose Copy. Then come here  and click on this button and the result will get pasted into the new scale fields here.
 +
 
 +
==Less <<==
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 +
Shows this window with either less space, less options, or alternative layout
==Help = F1==
==Help = F1==
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Since the help for Tune Smithy is currently a bit out of date and needs to be redone completely for the new 3.0 release, then you may find the on-line page for some of the newer tasks particularly useful.  
Since the help for Tune Smithy is currently a bit out of date and needs to be redone completely for the new 3.0 release, then you may find the on-line page for some of the newer tasks particularly useful.  
-
==Organise Windows = F2==
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==[[Window 51 | Organise Windows = F2]]==
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Or F2 - Reset / save / open for individual windows, right click for cat. list...
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Reset, or Save settings for this window. RIGHT CLICK for all windows menu...
-
Shows the Organise windows window - which you can use to reset all the parameters for the current window - or save them all, or open previously saved parameters for just this window. Also has a drop list of all the windows and their shortcuts.
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Shows the Organise windows window - which you can use to reset all the parameters for the current window.
-
You can also right click on this icon as a quick way to get the floating drop menu of all the Tune Smithy windows organised by category
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You can also use it to save the settings for just this window, or open previously saved parameters for just this window.
 +
 
 +
Also has a drop list of all the windows and their shortcuts, and related options - some to do with the menu listing, and some to do with window resizing and minimising.
==Scales Dialog Star==
==Scales Dialog Star==
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The neighbours are the ones you most often move to after this one or within a minute of this one, arranged by popularity.
The neighbours are the ones you most often move to after this one or within a minute of this one, arranged by popularity.
-
So as you continue to use FTS, it will learn your habits, and the neighbouring windows listed here, should be the ones you most often visit after this  one.=Neighbours, and [[Window 44794236 | Previous]] - [[All_Tune_Smithy_Windows | Up]] - [[Window 44793880 | Next]]=
+
So as you continue to use FTS, it will learn your habits, and the neighbouring windows listed here, should be the ones you most often visit after this  one.
-
[[Window 141 |  Help For Tool Tip - Shift + F1 (Ctrl + 141) == Ctrl + Shift + HELP == HelpDEBUG]]
+
=Neighbours, and [[Window 4 | Previous]] - [[All_Tune_Smithy_Windows | Up]] - [[Window 6 | Next]]=
-
 
+
[[Window 141 |  Help For Tool Tip - Shift + F1 (Ctrl + 141) ]]
-
[[Window 1 | ain Window == Ctrl + Shift + MAINWINDOW]]
+
-
 
+
-
[[Window 2 |  Beats - Expected beat patterns for pure harmonic timbres (Ctrl +  2) == Ctrl + Shift + BEATS]]
+
-
 
+
-
[[Window 3 |  New Seed (Ctrl +  3) == Ctrl + Shift + SEED]]
+
-
[[Window 6 New Arpeggio (Ctrl +  6) == Ctrl + Shift + ARPEGGIO]]
+
[[Window 2 Beats - Expected beat patterns for pure harmonic timbres (Ctrl +  2) ]]
-
[[Window 9 Parts (Ctrl +  9) == Ctrl + Shift + PARTS == PARTS_FT]]
+
[[Window 3 New Seed (Ctrl +  3) ]]
-
[[Window 7 Colours (Ctrl +  7) == Ctrl + Shift + COLOURS == Colours]]
+
[[Window 6 New Arpeggio (Ctrl +  6) ]]
-
[[Window 8 Instr. (Ctrl +   8 or Ctrl + N) == Ctrl + Shift + VOICES == VoiceMenu]]
+
[[Window 167 Chord to synthesize (Ctrl + 167) ]]
-
[[Window 104 Scale and Arpeggio as text (Ctrl + 104 or Ctrl + T) == Ctrl + Shift + SCALEARPASTEXT == ScaleArpAsText]]
+
[[Window 9 Parts (Ctrl +   9) ]]
-
N.B. This list of neighbours may change each time this help is updated - it is based on the windows I use myself most often after this one.
+
N.B. This list of neighbours may change when these pages are updated.

Latest revision as of 14:18, 2 November 2008

Previous - Up - Next

Contents

New Scale

Screen Shot

New Scale

New Scale

Easy way to make a new scale by selecting notes from other scales...

How to get here

You can show this window from Bs2 | Scale - click to edit - or use the shortcut Ctrl + 5

How to use this window

First select a scale from the drop list or enter values. You can use the Get button to get the current main window scale.

The dots window will then show the scale as dots, and your new edited scale as downward pointing triangles. Click on any dot to add in that note. Click on any of the triangles to remove the note.

When the scale is ready you can use the Apply button to copy the result back into the main window.

More details

You can change your selection of scale to select from at any time - and add in more notes from the new scale. In this way you can add notes from any of the source scales.

You can also edit the new scale directly in the New Scale text field.

If you want to select notes from a scale with equally spaced steps, use the Make ET field and enter the desired number of steps per octave. You can also choose from non octave scales - to show divisions of some other interval instead of the octave use a % before the interval to divide. E.g. 20%3/2 to get 20 divisions of 3/2 or 7%1210.0 for a seven tone scale stretched by ten cents.

If you need to zoom in or out, use the width in octave fields. Use the Expand button if necessary to repeat the blue dots to fill the visible region.

How to play the scale in this window

You can play the scale you have made so far and switch off the editing features at any time to audition it. To do that select the Play radio button, click on the picture of the music keyboard, and then play the notes using the top row of your PC keyboard.

You can also play the notes from MIidi In if you select Relay from Midi In - this will override the main window scale whenever this window is active

Select from

Scales to select notes from for your new scale...

The scales in this list are chosen as ones that are particularly useful as a source of notes to use to make new scales.

The Mean tone... entry opens a separate window which you can use to create a new mean tone scale by entering the amount of the comma - it lets you make the scale in this window or in the main window as you prefer.

Some of the other scale construction options at the bottom of the Scale and Explorations (Ctrl + 17) work similarly - they can also be used to directly alter the scale to select from in this window.

New notes in

Scale values for the scales to select from

Get

Get the scale from the main window

Expand

Expand the scale if necessary to fill the window...

For instance, an equal temperament scale can be given using just one (or two) values, e.g. 100.0 for twelve equal, 1//17 for seventeen equal etc. This will expand it to fit the window, for instance to the octave (depending on width in octaves). You can then select from the result using mouse or keyboard.

Width

Width to show in octaves

Width - SPIN

Increase or decrease width to show in octaves

Make ET

Leave blank - or enter number of steps to make an equal division scale...

Enter the number of notes in the equal temperament, e.g. 19 to make 19-et.

For equal divisions of some other interval instead of the 2/1 use a %, e.g. 13%3/1 for 13 divisions of 3/1 etc

Edit

Edit using mouse or pc keyboard

Play

Play using mouse or pc keyboard, can edit in dots area using mouse...

You can also play the scale or arpeggio in this window from Midi In by selecting Play New Seed / Apreggio / Scale Midi In Options (Ctrl + 25))

Play, Kbd only

Play this scale or arpeggio from mouse && Pc kbd, not midi in...

Notes from midi in play the main window scale or arpeggio with this option.

Synth Chord

Use the Wave Shape Player to make an audio clip of the selected notes...

It is made using the Wave Shape Player. This is particularly useful for hearing the distinction between just and tempered chords.

Once done you play it using Shift + click on the play button for this window.

You can choose whether to make a chord, broken chord, or sequence, and the total time, from the Chord to synthesize (Ctrl + 167) window.

You can use any of the existing Wave Shape Player instruments, or set up a new instrument. To do that use Edit Wave Shape Player Voice (Ctrl + 166) - either set that window up as you like or open an existing Wave Player instrument from the drop menu.

Note - if you are using FTS for Spectrum analysis - this option works by overriding the Make waveform from partials button for Tasks | Analyse Midi Voice - so it erases your current list of partials found, if any - it replaces them with the pitches for your chord to synthesize.

Opts...

Chord to Synthesize - and Opts..

You can use this window to make an audio clip of a chord, broken chord, double broken (try it out to find out what that does) or sequence.

The chord is made using one of the Wave Shape Player instruments - these are particularly useful for hearing distinctions of just and tempered tunings as they are steady in pitch and accurately pitched, with no vibrato. They also use harmonic timbres (most of them).

A pure harmonic timbre is one in which all the component pitches are exact multiples of the base frequency. This means that the waveform repeats exactly. In fact mathematically pure harmonic timbres are the same thing as exactly repeating waveforms.

The wave shape player - though it can play other sounds such as plucked sounds - specialises in pure harmonic timbres with a very wide range of shapes for the waveform - using various mathematical formulae.

Scale dots

Click with mouse, or press keys on PC keyboard to add or remove notes..

For the New Seed windows

click on a dot to play the seed note, or use the keys 1, 2, 3, ... on the top row of keyboard. Continue with the other rows if you need to go higher. If you select With timings, then the timing of your keyboard or mouse playing is used for the seed. Otherwise the timing is ignored

For the New Scale or Arpeggio windowss

When you use the mouse, click on a dot to add that note, click on the triangle to remove the note.

When you use the PC Keyboard, use the keys 2 3 etc to add or remove notes.

Normally the key 1 is assigned to the 1/1. Then the 1 on your PC keyboard has no effect when you select Edit, but plays the 1/1 when you select Play. The 2 on the keyboard then adds or removes the first scale value and so on.

If your keyboard has a key to the left of the 1, and you prefer the 1 to add or remove the first scale value, you can set it up like this. Go to Mouse & PC Keyboard Player - To Play (Ctrl + 24)) | More. You will find an option to use the key to the left of 1 on the keyboard as the first note.

Ech... Echo Dots

Echo the dots picture in a larger window

Scale keyboard picture

Music Keyboard picture - use to play notes or select them...

Keyboard Layout

This shows the notes on a picture of a music keyboard. It uses a standard black and white keys type arrangement, except that the white keys vary in width, with the D, G and A keys a bit wider than the others.

This makes it possible to display the notes as dots positioned exactly according to the pitch - those three white keys are wider because the interval from e.g. C# to D# is more than the interval from D# to the mid point of E and F.

The idea is that when you play chords, the interval between notes will be shown as the same distance, wherever you may play it on the keyboard. For instance, if you play a 6/5 anywhere on the keyboard, the distance between the dots will be the same.

How to make the seed, arpeggio or scale

Same approach as for the dots window.

For the New Seed windows

click on a dot to play the seed note, or use the keys 1, 2, 3, ... on the top row of keyboard. Continue with the other rows if you need to go higher. If you select With timings, then the timing of your keyboard or mouse playing is used for the seed. Otherwise the timing is ignored

For the New Scale or Arpeggio windows

When you use the mouse, click on a dot to add that note, click on the triangle to remove the note.

When you use the PC Keyboard, use the keys 2 3 etc to add or remove notes.

Normally the key 1 is assigned to the 1/1. Then the 1 on your PC keyboard has no effect when you select Edit, but plays the 1/1 when you select Play. The 2 on the keyboard then adds or removes the first scale value and so on.

If your keyboard has a key to the left of the 1, and you prefer the 1 to add or remove the first scale value, you can set it up like this. Go to Mouse & PC Keyboard Player - To Play (Ctrl + 24)) | More. You will find an option to use the key to the left of 1 on the keyboard as the first note.

Ech... Echo Keyboard

Echo the keyboard picture in a larger window

Apply

Place the result back in the main window

Select all

Select all the notes in the scale to select from to make your new scale

Clear

Erase your new scale

Deg. 0

Show the 1/1 on the left, right, in the middle, or auto...

The auto option chooses between left, right, or middle depending on whether the scale to select from has only intervals above the 1/1 (usual situation), only intervals below it (e.g. subharmonic series) or both types of intervals.

Most scales will only have intervals above the 1/1, so usually Left is what you want. Sometimes when one is working with the fractal tunes one may want to make a scale which has intervals below the 1/1, or both types of interval.

The Auto option detects intervals below the 1/1 automatically and positions the 1/1 so that you can see the scale intervals.

You can also set this by hand - for instance choose BOTH to add notes below the 1/1 to a seed, scale or arpeggio with notes only above the 1/1.

Notes for keys...

Various options that affect the pitches and so on as played from the PC keyboard.

Opts...

Options for the New Seed, Scale and Arpeggio windows

Show...

What to show on music keyboard pictures - note names, intervals etc...

Choose what to show on pictures of the music keyboard when you play notes. Also various other display options such as text size, width in octaves and so on.

This is for any of the windows that have a picture of the music keyboard - the main window Music Keyboard player, multi-line player, and the Scale, Arpeggio and Seed edit windows.

If you select the Beating Partials option - note that this will show the Beats window whenever you play a chord.

These music keyboard pictures - though very similar looking to a conventional music keyboard, actually have the white keys of two sizes - the D, G and A keys are a little broader than the others. This is so that the width of the key can correspond exactly to the pitch range that it spans.

The stretchy keyboard options let you show the normal music keyboard and below it, another version which is stretched or compressed to show the notes to press on your Midi keyboard to get the desired pitches. This can be useful when you play notes from a music keyboard in FTS or use FTS for composition retuning via Midi In.

Steps

Shows the scale intervals as steps from each note to the next...

When unselected, shows the intervals from the 1/1

1/1

Select this to show the 1/1 at the start of the scale...

The SCALA convention is to leave out the 1/1. It will get played automatically and any scale is assumed to start at the 1/1. If you want a scale that starts at another pitch rather than the 1/1, for instance for the Thai seven tone modes, do it as an arpeggio and miss out degree 0.

Occasionally one may want to start the scale with repeating 1/1s. Since that is unusual, normally any repeats of the 1/1 at the start of the scale get ignored when you choose to hide the 1/1.

To make sure that they repeat with the 1/1 hidden, put an at sign (@) before the first one that repeats.

Name

Enter your name for your new scale here

Name

Enter scale itself - or make by clicking on dots to select from larger scale...

When done, use the Apply button to put the result back into the main window

Show in SCALA - SPIN

Rotate the scale steps around

/

Adds the new scale to the list below the highlighted scale

=

Replaces the highlighted scale in the list

-

Remove the highlighted scale in the list

# (number)

Make a link to a new list of scales...

You enter the name for the new list in the description field. Then place the desired fiile name to use for the new list in the place where the numbers normally go. You can leave the scale entries field blank to use the description as the file name.

The current main window scale is set as the preset scale for the list when it is opened. So make sure the current scale is a suitable one for the list when you first make it.

Then click this button to start your new list of scales.

To edit your new list, highlight the entry, and use the Follow button to navigate to your new list, then edit it in the usual way.

To link to an existing scales drop list just enter the description, and the file name (if different) and use Add as link.

F.T. step

Size of the step for spin control to adjust fine tune from concert pitch

F.T. step - SPIN

Increase or decrease the fine tune step...

Adjusts by root two each time, so two clicks double the amount of the step.

PC Keyboard Player

Play in this tuning from PC keyboard

C... Copy Scale

Copy new scale to clipboard in SCALA format...

This is a quick way to move this scale into another document or program. It shows the scale in the standard SCALA format, with each scale value on a separate line.

You can then go to another document, e-mail, text field or program, and use right click and paste, or Ctrl + V or the like to paste the scale there.!

P... Paste Scale

Paste new scale from clipboard in SCALA format

This is particularly useful if someone sends you a scale in an e-mail or the like. They may include it in the standard SCALA format - with a description line, then the number of notes in the scale, then the values of the scale one to a line.

If you see a scale like that, just highlight the entire scale, right click on it and choose Copy. Then come here and click on this button and the result will get pasted into the new scale fields here.

Less <<

Shows this window with either less space, less options, or alternative layout

Help = F1

Click for help for this window. Or F1. Other opts: Shift , Alt, Ctrl + click...

F1 or click shows the help for the current window in your web browser.

Some windows may have no help yet in which case the help icon is shown crossed out with a red line.

Shift + F1 or Shift + Click brings up the tool tips extra help window (this window) to show any extra help for a tool tip.

You can tell if a tool tip has extra help if it ends ... like this one.

Ctrl + F1 or Ctrl + click takes you to the list of keyboard shortcuts for Tune Smithy.

Alt + F1 or Alt + click (alternatively Caps lock physically held down + F1 or Click) takes you to the on-line page at the robertinventor.com web site about the current main window task - which gives a short introduction to it for newbies to the program. If there is no on-line page specific to a task, takes you to the main tune smithy page on the web site.

Since the help for Tune Smithy is currently a bit out of date and needs to be redone completely for the new 3.0 release, then you may find the on-line page for some of the newer tasks particularly useful.

Organise Windows = F2

Reset, or Save settings for this window. RIGHT CLICK for all windows menu...

Shows the Organise windows window - which you can use to reset all the parameters for the current window.

You can also use it to save the settings for just this window, or open previously saved parameters for just this window.

Also has a drop list of all the windows and their shortcuts, and related options - some to do with the menu listing, and some to do with window resizing and minimising.

Scales Dialog Star

Tip of the day - Scales category - right click for neighbouring windows...

Left click for a tip of the day in this category.

Right click to see a menu of neighbouring windows.

The neighbours are the ones you most often move to after this one or within a minute of this one, arranged by popularity.

So as you continue to use FTS, it will learn your habits, and the neighbouring windows listed here, should be the ones you most often visit after this one.

Neighbours, and Previous - Up - Next

Help For Tool Tip - Shift + F1 (Ctrl + 141)

Beats - Expected beat patterns for pure harmonic timbres (Ctrl + 2)

New Seed (Ctrl + 3)

New Arpeggio (Ctrl + 6)

Chord to synthesize (Ctrl + 167)

Parts (Ctrl + 9)

N.B. This list of neighbours may change when these pages are updated.

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