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Window 5

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New Scale


Easy way to make a new scale by selecting notes from other scales...

How to show this window

You can show this window from Bs2 | Scale - click to edit - or use the shortcut Ctrl + 5

How to use this window

First select a scale from the drop list or enter values. You can use the Get button to get the current main window scale.

The dots window will then show the scale as dots, and your new edited scale as downward pointing triangles. Click on any dot to add in that note. Click on any of the triangles to remove the note.

When the scale is ready you can use the Apply button to copy the result back into the main window.

More details

You can change your selection of scale to select from at any time - and add in more notes from the new scale. In this way you can add notes from any of the source scales.

You can also edit the new scale directly in the New Scale text field.

If you want to select notes from a scale with equally spaced steps, use the Make ET field and enter the desired number of steps per octave. You can also choose from non octave scales - to show divisions of some other interval instead of the octave use a % before the interval to divide. E.g. 20%3/2 to get 20 divisions of 3/2 or 7%1210.0 for a seven tone scale stretched by ten cents.

If you need to zoom in or out, use the width in octave fields. Use the Expand button if necessary to repeat the blue dots to fill the visible region.

How to play the scale in this window

You can play the scale you have made so far and switch off the editing features at any time to audition it. To do that select the Play radio button, click on the picture of the music keyboard, and then play the notes using the top row of your PC keyboard.

You can also play the notes from MIidi In if you select Relay from Midi In - this will override the main window scale whenever this window is active

Select from

Scales to select notes from for your new scale...

The scales in this list are chosen as ones that are particularly useful as a source of notes to use to make new scales.

The Mean tone... entry opens a separate window which you can use to create a new mean tone scale by entering the amount of the comma - it lets you make the scale in this window or in the main window as you prefer.

Some of the other scale construction options at the bottom of the Scale Explorations window (Ctrl + 17)) work similarly - they can also be used to directly alter the scale to select from in this window.

New notes in

Scale values for the scales to select from


Get the scale from the main window


Expand the scale if necessary to fill the window...

For instance, an equal temperament scale can be given using just one (or two) values, e.g. 100.0 for twelve equal, 1//17 for seventeen equal etc. This will expand it to fit the window, for instance to the octave (depending on width in octaves). You can then select from the result using mouse or keyboard.


Width to show in octaves

Width - SPIN

Increase or decrease width to show in octaves

Make ET

Leave blank - or enter number of steps to make an equal division scale...

Enter the number of notes in the equal temperament, e.g. 19 to make 19-et.

For equal divisions of some other interval instead of the 2/1 use a %, e.g. 13%3/1 for 13 divisions of 3/1 etc

Synth Chord

Use the Wave Shape Player to make an audio clip of the selected notes...

It is made using the Wave Shape Player. This is particularly useful for hearing the distinction between just and tempered chords.

Once done you play it using Shift + click on the play button for this window.

You can choose whether to make a chord, broken chord, or sequence, and the total time, from the Chord to Synthesize Opts (Ctrl + 167)) window.

You can use any of the existing Wave Shape Player instruments, or set up a new instrument. To do that use the Wave Shape Player Instrument window (Ctrl + 166)) - either set that window up as you like or open an existing Wave Player instrument from the drop menu.

Note - if you are using FTS for Spectrum analysis - this option works by overriding the Make waveform from partials button for Tasks | Analyse Midi Voice - so it erases your current list of partials found, if any - it replaces them with the pitches for your chord to synthesize.


Chord to Synthesize - and Opts..

You can use this window to make an audio clip of a chord, broken chord, double broken (try it out to find out what that does) or sequence.

The chord is made using one of the Wave Shape Player instruments - these are particularly useful for hearing distinctions of just and tempered tunings as they are steady in pitch and accurately pitched, with no vibrato. They also use harmonic timbres (most of them).

A pure harmonic timbre is one in which all the component pitches are exact multiples of the base frequency. This means that the waveform repeats exactly. In fact mathematically pure harmonic timbres are the same thing as exactly repeating waveforms.

The wave shape player - though it can play other sounds such as plucked sounds - specialises in pure harmonic timbres with a very wide range of shapes for the waveform - using various mathematical formulae.

Scale dots

Click with mouse, or press keys on PC keyboard to add or remove notes..

When you use the mouse, click on a dot to add that note, click on the triangle to remove the note.

When you use the PC Keyboard, use the keys 2 3 etc to add or remove notes.

Normally the key 1 is assigned to the 1/1. Then the 1 on your PC keyboard has no effect when you select Edit, but plays the 1/1 when you select Play. The 2 on the keyboard then adds or removes the first scale value and so on.

If your keyboard has a key to the left of the 1, and you prefer the 1 to add or remove the first scale value, you can set it up like this. Go to Mouse & PC Keyboard Player - To Play (Ctrl + 24)) | More. You will find an option to use the key to the left of 1 on the keyboard as the first note.

Ech... Echo Dots

Echo the dots picture in a larger window

Scale keyboard picture

Music Keyboard picture - use to play notes or select them...

This shows the notes on a picture of a music keyboard. It uses a standard black and white keys type arrangement, except that the white keys vary in width, with the D, G and A keys a bit wider than the others.

This makes it possible to display the notes as dots positioned exactly according to the pitch - those three white keys are wider because the interval from e.g. C# to D# is more than the interval from D# to the mid point of E and F.

Ech... Echo Keyboard

Echo the keyboard picture in a larger window


Place the result back in the main window

Select all

Select all the notes in the scale to select from to make your new scale


Erase your new scale

Deg. 0

Show the 1/1 on the left, right, in the middle, or auto...

The auto option chooses between left, right, or middle depending on whether the scale to select from has only intervals greater than 1/1, only intervals less than 1/1 or both types of intervals.

Most scales will only have intervals greater than 1/1, so usually Left is what you want. Sometimes when one is working with the fractal tunes one may want to make a scale which has intervals below the 1/1, and to see those, you need to select middle or right as appropriate.

So - the Auto option detects intervals below the 1/1 automatically and positions the 1/1 so that you can see the scale intervals.

Notes for keys...

Various options that affect the pitches and so on as played from the PC keyboard.


Options for the New Seed, Scale and Arpeggio windows


What to show on music keyboard pictures - note names, intervals etc...

Choose what to show on pictures of the music keyboard when you play notes. Also various other display options such as text size, width in octaves and so on.

This is for any of the windows that have a picture of the music keyboard - the main window Music Keyboard player, multi-line player, and the Scale, Arpeggio and Seed edit windows.

If you select the Beating Partials option - note that this will show the Beats window whenever you play a chord.

These music keyboard pictures - though very similar looking to a conventional music keyboard, actually have the white keys of two sizes - the D, G and A keys are a little broader than the others. This is so that the width of the key can correspond exactly to the pitch range that it spans.

The stretchy keyboard options let you show the normal music keyboard and below it, another version which is stretched or compressed to show the notes to press on your Midi keyboard to get the desired pitches. This can be useful when you play notes from a music keyboard in FTS or use FTS for composition retuning via Midi In.


Shows the scale intervals as steps from each note to the next...

When unselected, shows the intervals from the 1/1


Select this to show the 1/1 at the start of the scale...

The SCALA convention is to leave out the 1/1. It will get played automatically and any scale is assumed to start at the 1/1. If you want a scale that starts at another pitch rather than the 1/1, for instance for the Thai seven tone modes, do it as an arpeggio and miss out degree 0.

Occasionally one may want to start the scale with repeating 1/1s. Since that is unusual, normally any repeats of the 1/1 at the start of the scale get ignored when you choose to hide the 1/1.

To make sure that they repeat with the 1/1 hidden, put an at sign (@) before the first one that repeats.


Enter your name for your new scale here


Enter scale itself - or make by clicking on dots to select from larger scale...

When done, use the Apply button to put the result back into the main window

Show in SCALA - SPIN

Rotate the scale steps around


Adds the new scale to the main window list below the highlight


Replaces the highlighted scale in main window drop list


Remove the highlighted scale in main window drop list

# (number)

Make a link to a new drop list of scales...

You enter the name for the new drop list in the description field. Then place the desired fiile name to use for the new list in the place where the numbers normally go. Then click this button to start your new droplist of scales

F.T. step

Size of the step for the spin control to fine tune from concert pitch

F.T. step - SPIN

Increase or decrease the fine tune step

PC Keyboard Player

Play in this tuning from PC keyboard...

C... Copy Scale

Copy new scale to clipboard in SCALA format...

This is a quick way to move this scale into another document or program. It shows the scale in the standard SCALA format, with each scale value on a separate line.

You can then go to another document, e-mail, text field or program, and use right click and paste, or Ctrl + V or the like to paste the scale there.!

P... Paste Scale

Paste new scale from clipboard in SCALA format

This is particularly useful if someone sends you a scale in an e-mail or the like. They may include it in the standard SCALA format - with a description line, then the number of notes in the scale, then the values of the scale one to a line.

If you see a scale like that, just highlight the entire scale, right click on it and choose Copy. Then come here and click on this button and the result will get pasted into the new scale fields here.

Less <<

Shows this window with either less space, less options, or alternative layout

Help = F1

Click for help for this window. Or F1. Other opts: Shift , Alt, Ctrl + click...

F1 or click shows the help for the current window in your web browser.

Some windows may have no help yet in which case the help icon is shown crossed out with a red line.

Shift + F1 or Shift + Click brings up the tool tips extra help window (this window) to show any extra help for a tool tip.

You can tell if a tool tip has extra help if it ends ... like this one.

Ctrl + F1 or Ctrl + click takes you to the list of keyboard shortcuts for Tune Smithy.

Alt + F1 or Alt + click (alternatively Caps lock physically held down + F1 or Click) takes you to the on-line page at the web site about the current main window task - which gives a short introduction to it for newbies to the program. If there is no on-line page specific to a task, takes you to the main tune smithy page on the web site.

Since the help for Tune Smithy is currently a bit out of date and needs to be redone completely for the new 3.0 release, then you may find the on-line page for some of the newer tasks particularly useful.

Organise Windows = F2

Or F2 - Reset / save / open for individual windows, right click for cat. list...

Shows the Organise windows window - which you can use to reset all the parameters for the current window - or save them all, or open previously saved parameters for just this window. Also has a drop list of all the windows and their shortcuts.

Scales Dialog Star

Tip of the day - Scales category - right click for neighbouring windows...

Left click for a tip of the day in this category.

Right click to see a menu of neighbouring windows.

The neighbours are the ones you most often move to after this one or within a minute of this one, arranged by popularity.

So as you continue to use FTS, it will learn your habits, and the neighbouring windows listed here, should be the ones you most often visit after this one.

Neighbours, and Previous - Up - Next

Help For Tool Tip - Shift + F1 (Ctrl + 141)

Beats - Expected beat patterns for pure harmonic timbres (Ctrl + 2)

New Seed (Ctrl + 3)

New Arpeggio (Ctrl + 6)

Chord to synthesize (Ctrl + 167)

Parts (Ctrl + 9)

Colours (Ctrl + 7)

Instruments (Ctrl + 8 or Ctrl + N)

Scale and Arpeggio as text (Ctrl + 104 or Ctrl + T)

N.B. This list of neighbours may change when these pages are updated.

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