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Intro , Brief def of some of the instruments , Complete list with MIDI note numbers
For a brief description of some of the less known instruments such as Agogo, Timbale, Cuica, Cabasa etc, try
For a description of the modern drum set, and its history:
Drum set ; History of the Drum and Drum Set.
Off-line, see the New Groves Dictionary of Musical Instruments.
You can select any of these instruments into a part using the Non Melod Perc.. . menu, - see Parts | Non melodic percussion menu
Brief def of some of the instruments
Many of the instruments are frequently played in pairs, one pitched higher than the other, which is why there are often two entries. For instance, High Agogo, and Low Agogo.
Agogo - struck clapperless bell (Yoruba tribe, Africa).
Bongos - paired small Afro Carribean drums in two pitches, made from hollow tree trunks.
Chinese cymbal - has high cup shaped centre and distinctive hollow sound.
Claves - 2 cylindrical hardwood sticks, one hit with the other, L. Am.
Conga - Afro Cuban drum - long tapered or barrel shaped, played with fingers or palm of hand.
Cabasa - gourd with handle, covered with beads, and sometimes with pieces inside. L. Am. and 20th c., sounded by twisting in air, moving beads, striking with palm or rotating bowl in palm.
Cuica - Brazilian friction drum with remarkable pitch range.
Guiro - elongated gourd with marks and frets on sides, switch is rubbed against frets to make sound. Afro Cuban and 20th c. music.
Hi Hat - pedal operated double cymbal, also played by striking with a stick.
Maracas - pair of gourd rattles.
Ride cymbal - large cymbal used for "ride" rhythms.
Snare drum - military / orchestral side drum tensioned with strings (these are the "snares")
Timbale = tuned pair of single headed cylindrical drums important in L. Am. and 20th c. music.
Tom - small drum, Chinese, skin attached to sides by brass nails.
Complete list with MIDI note numbers
The instrument is played by playing the note number on channel 10.
|35||Acoustic Bass Drum||59||Ride Cymbal 2|
|36||Bass Drum 1||60||High Bongo|
|37||Side Stick||61||Low Bongo|
|38||Acoustic Snare||62||Mute High Conga|
|39||Hand Clap||63||Open High Conga|
|40||Electric Snare||64||Low Conga|
|41||Low Floor Tom||65||High Timbale|
|42||Closed Hi-Hat||66||Low Timbale|
|43||High Floor Tom||67||High Agogo|
|44||Pedal Hi-Hat||68||Low Agogo|
|47||Low-Mid Tom||71||Short Whistle|
|48||High Mid Tom||72||Long Whistle|
|49||Crash Cymbal 1||73||Short Guiro|
|50||High Tom||74||Long Guiro|
|51||Ride Cymbal 1||75||Claves|
|52||Chinese Cymbal||76||High Wood Block|
|53||Ride Bell||77||Low Wood Block|
|55||Splash Cymbal||79||Open Cuica|
|57||Crash Cymbal 2||81||Open Triangle|